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SubjectRe: [PATCH] vfio pci: kernel support of error recovery only for non fatal error
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Sorry for late.

On 03/14/2017 06:06 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Mon, 27 Feb 2017 15:28:43 +0800
> Cao jin <caoj.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com> wrote:
>
>> 0. What happens now (PCIE AER only)
>> Fatal errors cause a link reset.
>> Non fatal errors don't.
>> All errors stop the VM eventually, but not immediately
>> because it's detected and reported asynchronously.
>> Interrupts are forwarded as usual.
>> Correctable errors are not reported to guest at all.
>> Note: PPC EEH is different. This focuses on AER.
>
> Perhaps you're only focusing on AER, but don't the error handlers we're
> using support both AER and EEH generically? I don't think we can
> completely disregard how this affects EEH behavior, if at all.
>

After taking a rough look at the EEH, find that EEH always feed
error_detected with pci_channel_io_frozen, from perspective of
error_detected, EEH is not affected.

I am not sure about a question: when assign devices in spapr host,
should all functions/devices in a PE be bound to vfio? I am kind of
confused about the relationship between a PE & a tce iommu group

>>
>> 1. Correctable errors
>> There is no need to report these to guest. So let's not.
>
> What does this patch change to make this happen? I don't see
> anything. Was this always the case? No change?
>

yes, no change on correctable error.

>>
>> 2. Fatal errors
>> It's not easy to handle them gracefully since link reset
>> is needed. As a first step, let's use the existing mechanism
>> in that case.
>
> Ok, so no change here either.
>
>> 2. Non-fatal errors
>> Here we could make progress by reporting them to guest
>> and have guest handle them.
>
> In practice, what actual errors do we expect userspace to see as
> non-fatal errors? It would be useful for the commit log to describe
> the actual benefit we're going to see by splitting out non-fatal errors
> for the user (not always a guest) to see separately. Justify that this
> is actually useful.
>
>>
>> Issues:
>> a. this behaviour should only be enabled with new userspace,
>> old userspace should work without changes.
>>
>> Suggestion: One way to address this would be to add a new eventfd
>> non_fatal_err_trigger. If not set, invoke err_trigger.
>
> This outline format was really more useful for Michael to try to
> generate discussion, for a commit log, I'd much rather see a definitive
> statement such as:
>
> "To maintain backwards compatibility with userspace, non-fatal errors
> will continue to trigger via the existing error interrupt index if a
> non-fatal signaling mechanism has not been registered."
>
>> b. drivers are supposed to stop MMIO when error is reported,
>> if vm keeps going, we will keep doing MMIO/config.
>>
>> Suggestion 1: ignore this. vm stop happens much later when
>> userspace runs anyway, so we are not making things much worse.
>>
>> Suggestion 2: try to stop MMIO/config, resume on resume call
>>
>> Patch below implements Suggestion 1.
>>
>> Note that although this is really against the documentation, which
>> states error_detected() is the point at which the driver should quiesce
>> the device and not touch it further (until diagnostic poking at
>> mmio_enabled or full access at resume callback).
>>
>> Fixing this won't be easy. However, this is not a regression.
>>
>> Also note this does nothing about interrupts, documentation
>> suggests returning IRQ_NONE until reset.
>> Again, not a regression.
>
> So again, no change here. I'm not sure what this adds to the commit
> log, perhaps we can reference this as a link to Michael's original
> proposal.
>
>> c. PF driver might detect that function is completely broken,
>> if vm keeps going, we will keep doing MMIO/config.
>>
>> Suggestion 1: ignore this. vm stop happens much later when
>> userspace runs anyway, so we are not making things much worse.
>>
>> Suggestion 2: detect this and invoke err_trigger to stop VM.
>>
>> Patch below implements Suggestion 2.
>
> This needs more description and seems a bit misleading. This patch
> adds a slot_reset handler, such that if the slot is reset, we notify
> the user, essentially promoting the non-fatal error to fatal. But what
> condition gets us to this point? AIUI, AER is a voting scheme and if
> any driver affected says they need a reset, everyone gets a reset. So
> the PF driver we're talking about here is not vfio-pci and it's not the
> user, the user has no way to signal that the device is completely
> broken, this only handles the case of other collateral devices with
> native host drivers that might signal this, right?
>

Yes, same understanding as you, if I don't miss something from michael.

> It seems like this is where this patch has the greatest exposure to
> regressions. If we take the VM use case, previously we could have a
> non-AER aware guest and the hypervisor could stop the VM on all
> errors. Now the hypervisor might support the distinction between fatal
> and non-fatal, but the guest may still not have AER support. That
> doesn't imply a problem with this approach, the user (hypervisor) would
> be at fault for any difference in handling in that case.
>

>>
>> +static pci_ers_result_t vfio_pci_aer_slot_reset(struct pci_dev *pdev)
>> +{
>> + struct vfio_pci_device *vdev;
>> + struct vfio_device *device;
>> + static pci_ers_result_t err = PCI_ERS_RESULT_NONE;
>> +
>> + device = vfio_device_get_from_dev(&pdev->dev);
>> + if (!device)
>> + goto err_dev;
>> +
>> + vdev = vfio_device_data(device);
>> + if (!vdev)
>> + goto err_data;
>> +
>> + mutex_lock(&vdev->igate);
>> +
>> + if (vdev->err_trigger)
>> + eventfd_signal(vdev->err_trigger, 1);
>
> What about the case where the user has not registered for receiving
> non-fatal errors, now we send an error signal on both error_detected
> and slot_reset. Is that useful/desirable?
>

Not desirable, but seems not harmful, guest user will stop anyway. How
to avoid this case gracefully seems not easy.

--
Sincerely,
Cao jin





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