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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 2/2] arm64: Add software workaround for Falkor erratum 1041
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Hi Will,

On 12/03/2017 07:35 AM, Shanker Donthineni wrote:
> Hi Will, thanks for your review comments.
>
> On 12/01/2017 05:24 AM, Will Deacon wrote:
>> On Mon, Nov 27, 2017 at 05:18:00PM -0600, Shanker Donthineni wrote:
>>> The ARM architecture defines the memory locations that are permitted
>>> to be accessed as the result of a speculative instruction fetch from
>>> an exception level for which all stages of translation are disabled.
>>> Specifically, the core is permitted to speculatively fetch from the
>>> 4KB region containing the current program counter 4K and next 4K.
>>>
>>> When translation is changed from enabled to disabled for the running
>>> exception level (SCTLR_ELn[M] changed from a value of 1 to 0), the
>>> Falkor core may errantly speculatively access memory locations outside
>>> of the 4KB region permitted by the architecture. The errant memory
>>> access may lead to one of the following unexpected behaviors.
>>>
>>> 1) A System Error Interrupt (SEI) being raised by the Falkor core due
>>> to the errant memory access attempting to access a region of memory
>>> that is protected by a slave-side memory protection unit.
>>> 2) Unpredictable device behavior due to a speculative read from device
>>> memory. This behavior may only occur if the instruction cache is
>>> disabled prior to or coincident with translation being changed from
>>> enabled to disabled.
>>>
>>> The conditions leading to this erratum will not occur when either of the
>>> following occur:
>>> 1) A higher exception level disables translation of a lower exception level
>>> (e.g. EL2 changing SCTLR_EL1[M] from a value of 1 to 0).
>>> 2) An exception level disabling its stage-1 translation if its stage-2
>>> translation is enabled (e.g. EL1 changing SCTLR_EL1[M] from a value of 1
>>> to 0 when HCR_EL2[VM] has a value of 1).
>>>
>>> To avoid the errant behavior, software must execute an ISB immediately
>>> prior to executing the MSR that will change SCTLR_ELn[M] from 1 to 0.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Shanker Donthineni <shankerd@codeaurora.org>
>>> ---
>>> Changes since v3:
>>> Rebased to kernel v4.15-rc1.
>>> Changes since v2:
>>> Repost the corrected patches.
>>> Changes since v1:
>>> Apply the workaround where it's required.
>>>
>>> Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.txt | 1 +
>>> arch/arm64/Kconfig | 12 +++++++++++-
>>> arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
>>> arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h | 3 ++-
>>> arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.S | 1 +
>>> arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c | 16 ++++++++++++++++
>>> arch/arm64/kernel/efi-entry.S | 2 ++
>>> arch/arm64/kernel/head.S | 1 +
>>> arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S | 1 +
>>> arch/arm64/kvm/hyp-init.S | 1 +
>>
>> This is an awful lot of code just to add an ISB instruction prior to
>> disabling the MMU. Why do you need to go through the alternatives framework
>> for this? Just do it with an #ifdef; this isn't a fastpath.
>>
>
> We can avoid changes to only two files cpu_errata.c and cpucaps.h without using
> the alternatives framework. Even though it's in slow path, cpu-errata.c changes
> provides a nice debug message which indicates the erratum E1041 is applied.
>
> Erratum log information would be very useful to conform our customers using the
> right kernel with E1014 patch by looking at dmesg. Other than that I don't have
> any other strong opinion to avoid alternatives and handle using #idef.
>
> Should I go ahead and post v5 patch without alternatives?
>


Please provide your thoughts on next step. We would like to merge this erratum
to v4.15 kernel.

>> Will
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> linux-arm-kernel mailing list
>> linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
>> http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel
>>
>

--
Shanker Donthineni
Qualcomm Datacenter Technologies, Inc. as an affiliate of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. is a member of the Code Aurora Forum, a Linux Foundation Collaborative Project.

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