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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 0/2] PCI/ASPM: Refine L1 PM Substates support
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Reviewed-by: Vidya Sagar <vidyas@nvidia.com>

On Sunday 03 December 2017 03:15 AM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> The PCIe active link power state is L0. ASPM defines two low-power
> states: L0s and L1. The L1 PM Substates feature defines two
> additional low-power states: L1.1 and L2.2.
>
> The L1.2 state may have substantial entry/exit latency. Downstream
> devices can use the Latency Tolerance Reporting (LTR) feature to
> report how much latency they can tolerate. The L1 PM Substates
> capability includes a programmable L1.2 threshold register. If the
> downstream devices can tolerate the latency indicated by the
> threshold, L1.2 may be used.
>
> If LTR is not enabled, the L1.2 threshold is ignored and L1.2 can be
> used whenever it is enabled and CLKREQ# is de-asserted. Linux
> currently never enables LTR, but firmware may have done so.
>
> The current L1 PM substates support in Linux sets the L1.2 threshold
> to a fixed value (163.84us) copied from coreboot [1]. I don't know
> where that value came from, and it is incorrect for some platforms,
> e.g., Tegra [2].
>
> These patches change that so we calculate the L1.2 threshold based on
> values reported by the hardware, and we enable LTR whenever possible.
>
> This is all just my understanding from reading the spec. I'd be glad
> to be corrected if I'm going wrong.
>
> I'm particularly puzzled about the coreboot code in
> pciexp_L1_substate_commit() that sets LTR_L1.2_THRESHOLD:
>
> + pcie_update_cfg(root, root_cap + 0x08, ~0xe3ff0000,
> + (1 << 21) | (1 << 23) | (1 << 30));
>
> This is writing the L1 PM Substates Control 1 register, but the shifts
> don't match up with any of the fields in the register, so this is an
> awfully funny way to write the threshold.
>
> [1] https://mail.coreboot.org/pipermail/coreboot-gerrit/2015-March/021134.html
> [2] https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1510492674-12786-1-git-send-email-vidyas@nvidia.com
>
> ---
>
> Bjorn Helgaas (2):
> PCI/ASPM: Calculate LTR_L1.2_THRESHOLD from device characteristics
> PCI/ASPM: Enable Latency Tolerance Reporting when supported
>
>
> drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c | 71 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
> drivers/pci/probe.c | 33 ++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/pci.h | 2 +
> 3 files changed, 82 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

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