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Subject[patch 18/60] x86/entry/64: Return to userspace from the trampoline stack
From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>

By itself, this is useless. It gives us the ability to run some final code
before exit that cannnot run on the kernel stack. This could include a CR3
switch a la KERNEL_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION or some kernel stack erasing, for
example. (Or even weird things like *changing* which kernel stack gets
used as an ASLR-strengthening mechanism.)

The SYSRET32 path is not covered yet. It could be in the future or
we could just ignore it and force the slow path if needed.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/d350017000eed20922c3b2711a2d9229dc809256.1511497875.git.luto@kernel.org

---
arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S | 55 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
1 file changed, 51 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
@@ -330,8 +330,24 @@ GLOBAL(entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe)
popq %rsi /* skip rcx */
popq %rdx
popq %rsi
+
+ /*
+ * Now all regs are restored except RSP and RDI.
+ * Save old stack pointer and switch to trampoline stack.
+ */
+ movq %rsp, %rdi
+ movq PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss + TSS_sp0), %rsp
+
+ pushq RSP-RDI(%rdi) /* RSP */
+ pushq (%rdi) /* RDI */
+
+ /*
+ * We are on the trampoline stack. All regs except RDI are live.
+ * We can do future final exit work right here.
+ */
+
popq %rdi
- movq RSP-ORIG_RAX(%rsp), %rsp
+ popq %rsp
USERGS_SYSRET64
END(entry_SYSCALL_64)

@@ -634,10 +650,41 @@ GLOBAL(swapgs_restore_regs_and_return_to
ud2
1:
#endif
- SWAPGS
POP_EXTRA_REGS
- POP_C_REGS
- addq $8, %rsp /* skip regs->orig_ax */
+ popq %r11
+ popq %r10
+ popq %r9
+ popq %r8
+ popq %rax
+ popq %rcx
+ popq %rdx
+ popq %rsi
+
+ /*
+ * The stack is now user RDI, orig_ax, RIP, CS, EFLAGS, RSP, SS.
+ * Save old stack pointer and switch to trampoline stack.
+ */
+ movq %rsp, %rdi
+ movq PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss + TSS_sp0), %rsp
+
+ /* Copy the IRET frame to the trampoline stack. */
+ pushq 6*8(%rdi) /* SS */
+ pushq 5*8(%rdi) /* RSP */
+ pushq 4*8(%rdi) /* EFLAGS */
+ pushq 3*8(%rdi) /* CS */
+ pushq 2*8(%rdi) /* RIP */
+
+ /* Push user RDI on the trampoline stack. */
+ pushq (%rdi)
+
+ /*
+ * We are on the trampoline stack. All regs except RDI are live.
+ * We can do future final exit work right here.
+ */
+
+ /* Restore RDI. */
+ popq %rdi
+ SWAPGS
INTERRUPT_RETURN



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