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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] f2fs: add an ioctl to disable GC for specific file
On 12/29, Chao Yu wrote:
> On 2017/12/28 11:40, Jaegeuk Kim wrote:
> > This patch gives a flag to disable GC on given file, which would be useful, when
> > user wants to keep its block map. It also conducts in-place-update for dontmove
> > file.
>
> One question, we may encounter out-of-space during foreground GC if there
> is too many data blocks of pinned files as they are removable.
>
> Do we need to record all segments which contain block of pinned file? and
> then trigger foreground GC more early by adjust threshold in
> has_not_enough_free_secs.

This should be used only when application knows how this works. If not, I wanted
to just unset the flag as much as possible, as foreground GCs have been done for
pinned file too frequently. I expect the usecase must be quite unusual with just
small number of files in short period likewise atomic files.

Thanks,

>
> Thanks,
>
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Jaegeuk Kim <jaegeuk@kernel.org>
> > ---
> >
> > Change log from v2:
> > - change the naming from dontmove to pin_file
> > - do in-place-update for pinned files
> > - use union for i_current_depth with i_gc_failures
> > - pass increasing i_gc_failures
> >
> > fs/f2fs/data.c | 2 ++
> > fs/f2fs/f2fs.h | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > fs/f2fs/file.c | 54 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > fs/f2fs/gc.c | 11 ++++++++++
> > fs/f2fs/gc.h | 2 ++
> > fs/f2fs/sysfs.c | 2 ++
> > include/linux/f2fs_fs.h | 9 ++++++++-
> > 7 files changed, 107 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/fs/f2fs/data.c b/fs/f2fs/data.c
> > index 7aca6ccd01f6..b9fab6186f28 100644
> > --- a/fs/f2fs/data.c
> > +++ b/fs/f2fs/data.c
> > @@ -1394,6 +1394,8 @@ static inline bool need_inplace_update(struct f2fs_io_info *fio)
> > {
> > struct inode *inode = fio->page->mapping->host;
> >
> > + if (f2fs_is_pinned_file(inode))
> > + return true;
> > if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || f2fs_is_atomic_file(inode))
> > return false;
> > if (is_cold_data(fio->page))
> > diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> > index 65a51b941146..398ed95d4036 100644
> > --- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> > +++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> > @@ -376,6 +376,8 @@ static inline bool __has_cursum_space(struct f2fs_journal *journal,
> > #define F2FS_IOC_FSGETXATTR FS_IOC_FSGETXATTR
> > #define F2FS_IOC_FSSETXATTR FS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> >
> > +#define F2FS_IOC_PIN_FILE _IO(F2FS_IOCTL_MAGIC, 13)
> > +
> > struct f2fs_gc_range {
> > u32 sync;
> > u64 start;
> > @@ -586,7 +588,10 @@ struct f2fs_inode_info {
> > unsigned long i_flags; /* keep an inode flags for ioctl */
> > unsigned char i_advise; /* use to give file attribute hints */
> > unsigned char i_dir_level; /* use for dentry level for large dir */
> > - unsigned int i_current_depth; /* use only in directory structure */
> > + union {
> > + unsigned int i_current_depth; /* only for directory depth */
> > + unsigned short i_gc_failures; /* only for regular file */
> > + };
> > unsigned int i_pino; /* parent inode number */
> > umode_t i_acl_mode; /* keep file acl mode temporarily */
> >
> > @@ -1130,6 +1135,9 @@ struct f2fs_sb_info {
> > /* threshold for converting bg victims for fg */
> > u64 fggc_threshold;
> >
> > + /* threshold for gc trials on pinned files */
> > + u64 gc_pin_file_threshold;
> > +
> > /* maximum # of trials to find a victim segment for SSR and GC */
> > unsigned int max_victim_search;
> >
> > @@ -2119,6 +2127,7 @@ enum {
> > FI_HOT_DATA, /* indicate file is hot */
> > FI_EXTRA_ATTR, /* indicate file has extra attribute */
> > FI_PROJ_INHERIT, /* indicate file inherits projectid */
> > + FI_PIN_FILE, /* indicate file should not be gced */
> > };
> >
> > static inline void __mark_inode_dirty_flag(struct inode *inode,
> > @@ -2132,6 +2141,7 @@ static inline void __mark_inode_dirty_flag(struct inode *inode,
> > return;
> > case FI_DATA_EXIST:
> > case FI_INLINE_DOTS:
> > + case FI_PIN_FILE:
> > f2fs_mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode, true);
> > }
> > }
> > @@ -2212,6 +2222,13 @@ static inline void f2fs_i_depth_write(struct inode *inode, unsigned int depth)
> > f2fs_mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode, true);
> > }
> >
> > +static inline void f2fs_i_gc_failures_write(struct inode *inode,
> > + unsigned int count)
> > +{
> > + F2FS_I(inode)->i_gc_failures = count;
> > + f2fs_mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode, true);
> > +}
> > +
> > static inline void f2fs_i_xnid_write(struct inode *inode, nid_t xnid)
> > {
> > F2FS_I(inode)->i_xattr_nid = xnid;
> > @@ -2240,6 +2257,8 @@ static inline void get_inline_info(struct inode *inode, struct f2fs_inode *ri)
> > set_bit(FI_INLINE_DOTS, &fi->flags);
> > if (ri->i_inline & F2FS_EXTRA_ATTR)
> > set_bit(FI_EXTRA_ATTR, &fi->flags);
> > + if (ri->i_inline & F2FS_PIN_FILE)
> > + set_bit(FI_PIN_FILE, &fi->flags);
> > }
> >
> > static inline void set_raw_inline(struct inode *inode, struct f2fs_inode *ri)
> > @@ -2258,6 +2277,8 @@ static inline void set_raw_inline(struct inode *inode, struct f2fs_inode *ri)
> > ri->i_inline |= F2FS_INLINE_DOTS;
> > if (is_inode_flag_set(inode, FI_EXTRA_ATTR))
> > ri->i_inline |= F2FS_EXTRA_ATTR;
> > + if (is_inode_flag_set(inode, FI_PIN_FILE))
> > + ri->i_inline |= F2FS_PIN_FILE;
> > }
> >
> > static inline int f2fs_has_extra_attr(struct inode *inode)
> > @@ -2303,6 +2324,11 @@ static inline int f2fs_has_inline_dots(struct inode *inode)
> > return is_inode_flag_set(inode, FI_INLINE_DOTS);
> > }
> >
> > +static inline bool f2fs_is_pinned_file(struct inode *inode)
> > +{
> > + return is_inode_flag_set(inode, FI_PIN_FILE);
> > +}
> > +
> > static inline bool f2fs_is_atomic_file(struct inode *inode)
> > {
> > return is_inode_flag_set(inode, FI_ATOMIC_FILE);
> > @@ -2518,6 +2544,7 @@ int truncate_hole(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t pg_start, pgoff_t pg_end);
> > void truncate_data_blocks_range(struct dnode_of_data *dn, int count);
> > long f2fs_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
> > long f2fs_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
> > +int f2fs_pin_file_control(struct inode *inode, bool inc);
> >
> > /*
> > * inode.c
> > diff --git a/fs/f2fs/file.c b/fs/f2fs/file.c
> > index 1db68f1bcd77..5a3b9a07d72d 100644
> > --- a/fs/f2fs/file.c
> > +++ b/fs/f2fs/file.c
> > @@ -2666,6 +2666,57 @@ static int f2fs_ioc_fssetxattr(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
> > return 0;
> > }
> >
> > +int f2fs_pin_file_control(struct inode *inode, bool inc)
> > +{
> > + struct f2fs_inode_info *fi = F2FS_I(inode);
> > + struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi = F2FS_I_SB(inode);
> > +
> > + /* Use i_gc_failures for normal file as a risk signal. */
> > + if (inc)
> > + f2fs_i_gc_failures_write(inode, fi->i_gc_failures + 1);
> > +
> > + if (fi->i_gc_failures > sbi->gc_pin_file_threshold) {
> > + f2fs_msg(sbi->sb, KERN_WARNING,
> > + "%s: Enable GC = ino %lx after %x GC trials\n",
> > + __func__, inode->i_ino, fi->i_gc_failures);
> > + return -EAGAIN;
> > + }
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int f2fs_ioc_pin_file(struct file *filp)
> > +{
> > + struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + if (!inode_owner_or_capable(inode))
> > + return -EACCES;
> > +
> > + if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + if (f2fs_readonly(F2FS_I_SB(inode)->sb))
> > + return -EROFS;
> > +
> > + inode_lock(inode);
> > +
> > + if (f2fs_pin_file_control(inode, false)) {
> > + ret = -EAGAIN;
> > + goto out;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = f2fs_convert_inline_inode(inode);
> > + if (ret)
> > + goto out;
> > +
> > + set_inode_flag(inode, FI_PIN_FILE);
> > + ret = F2FS_I(inode)->i_gc_failures;
> > + f2fs_update_time(F2FS_I_SB(inode), REQ_TIME);
> > +out:
> > + inode_unlock(inode);
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > long f2fs_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> > {
> > if (unlikely(f2fs_cp_error(F2FS_I_SB(file_inode(filp)))))
> > @@ -2716,6 +2767,8 @@ long f2fs_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> > return f2fs_ioc_fsgetxattr(filp, arg);
> > case F2FS_IOC_FSSETXATTR:
> > return f2fs_ioc_fssetxattr(filp, arg);
> > + case F2FS_IOC_PIN_FILE:
> > + return f2fs_ioc_pin_file(filp);
> > default:
> > return -ENOTTY;
> > }
> > @@ -2791,6 +2844,7 @@ long f2fs_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> > case F2FS_IOC_GET_FEATURES:
> > case F2FS_IOC_FSGETXATTR:
> > case F2FS_IOC_FSSETXATTR:
> > + case F2FS_IOC_PIN_FILE:
> > break;
> > default:
> > return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
> > diff --git a/fs/f2fs/gc.c b/fs/f2fs/gc.c
> > index 5d5bba462f26..9bffef153a12 100644
> > --- a/fs/f2fs/gc.c
> > +++ b/fs/f2fs/gc.c
> > @@ -624,6 +624,11 @@ static void move_data_block(struct inode *inode, block_t bidx,
> > if (f2fs_is_atomic_file(inode))
> > goto out;
> >
> > + if (f2fs_is_pinned_file(inode)) {
> > + f2fs_pin_file_control(inode, true);
> > + goto out;
> > + }
> > +
> > set_new_dnode(&dn, inode, NULL, NULL, 0);
> > err = get_dnode_of_data(&dn, bidx, LOOKUP_NODE);
> > if (err)
> > @@ -720,6 +725,11 @@ static void move_data_page(struct inode *inode, block_t bidx, int gc_type,
> >
> > if (f2fs_is_atomic_file(inode))
> > goto out;
> > + if (f2fs_is_pinned_file(inode)) {
> > + if (gc_type == FG_GC)
> > + f2fs_pin_file_control(inode, true);
> > + goto out;
> > + }
> >
> > if (gc_type == BG_GC) {
> > if (PageWriteback(page))
> > @@ -1091,6 +1101,7 @@ void build_gc_manager(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
> >
> > sbi->fggc_threshold = div64_u64((main_count - ovp_count) *
> > BLKS_PER_SEC(sbi), (main_count - resv_count));
> > + sbi->gc_pin_file_threshold = DEF_GC_FAILED_PINNED_FILES;
> >
> > /* give warm/cold data area from slower device */
> > if (sbi->s_ndevs && sbi->segs_per_sec == 1)
> > diff --git a/fs/f2fs/gc.h b/fs/f2fs/gc.h
> > index 9325191fab2d..33310165cb78 100644
> > --- a/fs/f2fs/gc.h
> > +++ b/fs/f2fs/gc.h
> > @@ -20,6 +20,8 @@
> > #define LIMIT_INVALID_BLOCK 40 /* percentage over total user space */
> > #define LIMIT_FREE_BLOCK 40 /* percentage over invalid + free space */
> >
> > +#define DEF_GC_FAILED_PINNED_FILES 1024
> > +
> > /* Search max. number of dirty segments to select a victim segment */
> > #define DEF_MAX_VICTIM_SEARCH 4096 /* covers 8GB */
> >
> > diff --git a/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c b/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
> > index 581c7ce23c22..0e3253d7cb10 100644
> > --- a/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
> > +++ b/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
> > @@ -303,6 +303,7 @@ F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, cp_interval, interval_time[CP_TIME]);
> > F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, idle_interval, interval_time[REQ_TIME]);
> > F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, iostat_enable, iostat_enable);
> > F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, readdir_ra, readdir_ra);
> > +F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, gc_pin_file_thresh, gc_pin_file_threshold);
> > #ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_FAULT_INJECTION
> > F2FS_RW_ATTR(FAULT_INFO_RATE, f2fs_fault_info, inject_rate, inject_rate);
> > F2FS_RW_ATTR(FAULT_INFO_TYPE, f2fs_fault_info, inject_type, inject_type);
> > @@ -351,6 +352,7 @@ static struct attribute *f2fs_attrs[] = {
> > ATTR_LIST(idle_interval),
> > ATTR_LIST(iostat_enable),
> > ATTR_LIST(readdir_ra),
> > + ATTR_LIST(gc_pin_file_thresh),
> > #ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_FAULT_INJECTION
> > ATTR_LIST(inject_rate),
> > ATTR_LIST(inject_type),
> > diff --git a/include/linux/f2fs_fs.h b/include/linux/f2fs_fs.h
> > index 43e98d30d2df..cfb522e6affc 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/f2fs_fs.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/f2fs_fs.h
> > @@ -212,6 +212,7 @@ struct f2fs_extent {
> > #define F2FS_DATA_EXIST 0x08 /* file inline data exist flag */
> > #define F2FS_INLINE_DOTS 0x10 /* file having implicit dot dentries */
> > #define F2FS_EXTRA_ATTR 0x20 /* file having extra attribute */
> > +#define F2FS_PIN_FILE 0x40 /* file should not be gced */
> >
> > struct f2fs_inode {
> > __le16 i_mode; /* file mode */
> > @@ -229,7 +230,13 @@ struct f2fs_inode {
> > __le32 i_ctime_nsec; /* change time in nano scale */
> > __le32 i_mtime_nsec; /* modification time in nano scale */
> > __le32 i_generation; /* file version (for NFS) */
> > - __le32 i_current_depth; /* only for directory depth */
> > + union {
> > + __le32 i_current_depth; /* only for directory depth */
> > + __le16 i_gc_failures; /*
> > + * # of gc failures on pinned file.
> > + * only for regular files.
> > + */
> > + };
> > __le32 i_xattr_nid; /* nid to save xattr */
> > __le32 i_flags; /* file attributes */
> > __le32 i_pino; /* parent inode number */
> >

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