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Subject[PATCH net-next 2/2] tuntap: XDP transmission
Date
This patch implements XDP transmission for TAP. Since we can't create
new queues for TAP during XDP set, exist ptr_ring was reused for
queuing XDP buffers. To differ xdp_buff from sk_buff, TUN_XDP_FLAG
(0x1ULL) was encoded into lowest bit of xpd_buff pointer during
ptr_ring_produce, and was decoded during consuming. XDP metadata was
stored in the headroom of the packet which should work in most of
cases since driver usually reserve enough headroom. Very minor changes
were done for vhost_net: it just need to peek the length depends on
the type of pointer.

Tests was done on two Intel E5-2630 2.40GHz machines connected back to
back through two 82599ES. Traffic were generated through MoonGen and
testpmd(rxonly) in guest reports 2.97Mpps when xdp_redirect_map is
doing redirection from ixgbe to TAP.

Cc: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
---
drivers/net/tun.c | 205 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
drivers/vhost/net.c | 13 +++-
include/linux/if_tun.h | 17 ++++
3 files changed, 197 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/net/tun.c b/drivers/net/tun.c
index 2c89efe..be6d993 100644
--- a/drivers/net/tun.c
+++ b/drivers/net/tun.c
@@ -240,6 +240,24 @@ struct tun_struct {
struct tun_steering_prog __rcu *steering_prog;
};

+bool tun_is_xdp_buff(void *ptr)
+{
+ return (unsigned long)ptr & TUN_XDP_FLAG;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(tun_is_xdp_buff);
+
+void *tun_xdp_to_ptr(void *ptr)
+{
+ return (void *)((unsigned long)ptr | TUN_XDP_FLAG);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(tun_xdp_to_ptr);
+
+void *tun_ptr_to_xdp(void *ptr)
+{
+ return (void *)((unsigned long)ptr & ~TUN_XDP_FLAG);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(tun_ptr_to_xdp);
+
static int tun_napi_receive(struct napi_struct *napi, int budget)
{
struct tun_file *tfile = container_of(napi, struct tun_file, napi);
@@ -630,12 +648,25 @@ static struct tun_struct *tun_enable_queue(struct tun_file *tfile)
return tun;
}

+static void tun_ptr_free(void *ptr)
+{
+ if (!ptr)
+ return;
+ if (tun_is_xdp_buff(ptr)) {
+ struct xdp_buff *xdp = tun_ptr_to_xdp(ptr);
+
+ put_page(virt_to_head_page(xdp->data));
+ } else {
+ __skb_array_destroy_skb(ptr);
+ }
+}
+
static void tun_queue_purge(struct tun_file *tfile)
{
- struct sk_buff *skb;
+ void *ptr;

- while ((skb = ptr_ring_consume(&tfile->tx_ring)) != NULL)
- kfree_skb(skb);
+ while ((ptr = ptr_ring_consume(&tfile->tx_ring)) != NULL)
+ tun_ptr_free(ptr);

skb_queue_purge(&tfile->sk.sk_write_queue);
skb_queue_purge(&tfile->sk.sk_error_queue);
@@ -688,8 +719,7 @@ static void __tun_detach(struct tun_file *tfile, bool clean)
unregister_netdevice(tun->dev);
}
if (tun)
- ptr_ring_cleanup(&tfile->tx_ring,
- __skb_array_destroy_skb);
+ ptr_ring_cleanup(&tfile->tx_ring, tun_ptr_free);
sock_put(&tfile->sk);
}
}
@@ -1201,6 +1231,54 @@ static const struct net_device_ops tun_netdev_ops = {
.ndo_get_stats64 = tun_net_get_stats64,
};

+static int tun_xdp_xmit(struct net_device *dev, struct xdp_buff *xdp)
+{
+ struct tun_struct *tun = netdev_priv(dev);
+ struct xdp_buff *buff = xdp->data_hard_start;
+ int headroom = xdp->data - xdp->data_hard_start;
+ struct tun_file *tfile;
+ u32 numqueues;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ /* Assure headroom is available and buff is properly aligned */
+ if (unlikely(headroom < sizeof(*xdp) || tun_is_xdp_buff(xdp)))
+ return -ENOSPC;
+
+ *buff = *xdp;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+
+ numqueues = READ_ONCE(tun->numqueues);
+ if (!numqueues) {
+ ret = -ENOSPC;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ tfile = rcu_dereference(tun->tfiles[smp_processor_id() %
+ numqueues]);
+ /* Encode the XDP flag into lowest bit for consumer to differ
+ * XDP buffer from sk_buff.
+ */
+ if (ptr_ring_produce(&tfile->tx_ring, tun_xdp_to_ptr(buff))) {
+ this_cpu_inc(tun->pcpu_stats->tx_dropped);
+ ret = -ENOSPC;
+ }
+
+out:
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void tun_xdp_flush(struct net_device *dev)
+{
+ struct tun_struct *tun = netdev_priv(dev);
+ struct tun_file *tfile = tun->tfiles[0];
+
+ /* Notify and wake up reader process */
+ if (tfile->flags & TUN_FASYNC)
+ kill_fasync(&tfile->fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
+ tfile->socket.sk->sk_data_ready(tfile->socket.sk);
+}
+
static const struct net_device_ops tap_netdev_ops = {
.ndo_uninit = tun_net_uninit,
.ndo_open = tun_net_open,
@@ -1218,6 +1296,8 @@ static const struct net_device_ops tap_netdev_ops = {
.ndo_set_rx_headroom = tun_set_headroom,
.ndo_get_stats64 = tun_net_get_stats64,
.ndo_bpf = tun_xdp,
+ .ndo_xdp_xmit = tun_xdp_xmit,
+ .ndo_xdp_flush = tun_xdp_flush,
};

static void tun_flow_init(struct tun_struct *tun)
@@ -1841,6 +1921,40 @@ static ssize_t tun_chr_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from)
return result;
}

+static ssize_t tun_put_user_xdp(struct tun_struct *tun,
+ struct tun_file *tfile,
+ struct xdp_buff *xdp,
+ struct iov_iter *iter)
+{
+ int vnet_hdr_sz = 0;
+ size_t size = xdp->data_end - xdp->data;
+ struct tun_pcpu_stats *stats;
+ size_t ret;
+
+ if (tun->flags & IFF_VNET_HDR) {
+ struct virtio_net_hdr gso = { 0 };
+
+ vnet_hdr_sz = READ_ONCE(tun->vnet_hdr_sz);
+ if (unlikely(iov_iter_count(iter) < vnet_hdr_sz))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (unlikely(copy_to_iter(&gso, sizeof(gso), iter) !=
+ sizeof(gso)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ iov_iter_advance(iter, vnet_hdr_sz - sizeof(gso));
+ }
+
+ ret = copy_to_iter(xdp->data, size, iter) + vnet_hdr_sz;
+
+ stats = get_cpu_ptr(tun->pcpu_stats);
+ u64_stats_update_begin(&stats->syncp);
+ stats->tx_packets++;
+ stats->tx_bytes += ret;
+ u64_stats_update_end(&stats->syncp);
+ put_cpu_ptr(tun->pcpu_stats);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
/* Put packet to the user space buffer */
static ssize_t tun_put_user(struct tun_struct *tun,
struct tun_file *tfile,
@@ -1938,15 +2052,14 @@ static ssize_t tun_put_user(struct tun_struct *tun,
return total;
}

-static struct sk_buff *tun_ring_recv(struct tun_file *tfile, int noblock,
- int *err)
+static void *tun_ring_recv(struct tun_file *tfile, int noblock, int *err)
{
DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current);
- struct sk_buff *skb = NULL;
+ void *ptr = NULL;
int error = 0;

- skb = ptr_ring_consume(&tfile->tx_ring);
- if (skb)
+ ptr = ptr_ring_consume(&tfile->tx_ring);
+ if (ptr)
goto out;
if (noblock) {
error = -EAGAIN;
@@ -1957,8 +2070,8 @@ static struct sk_buff *tun_ring_recv(struct tun_file *tfile, int noblock,
current->state = TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE;

while (1) {
- skb = ptr_ring_consume(&tfile->tx_ring);
- if (skb)
+ ptr = ptr_ring_consume(&tfile->tx_ring);
+ if (ptr)
break;
if (signal_pending(current)) {
error = -ERESTARTSYS;
@@ -1977,36 +2090,42 @@ static struct sk_buff *tun_ring_recv(struct tun_file *tfile, int noblock,

out:
*err = error;
- return skb;
+ return ptr;
}

static ssize_t tun_do_read(struct tun_struct *tun, struct tun_file *tfile,
struct iov_iter *to,
- int noblock, struct sk_buff *skb)
+ int noblock, void *ptr)
{
ssize_t ret;
int err;

tun_debug(KERN_INFO, tun, "tun_do_read\n");

- if (!iov_iter_count(to)) {
- if (skb)
- kfree_skb(skb);
- return 0;
- }
+ if (!iov_iter_count(to))
+ tun_ptr_free(ptr);

- if (!skb) {
+ if (!ptr) {
/* Read frames from ring */
- skb = tun_ring_recv(tfile, noblock, &err);
- if (!skb)
+ ptr = tun_ring_recv(tfile, noblock, &err);
+ if (!ptr)
return err;
}

- ret = tun_put_user(tun, tfile, skb, to);
- if (unlikely(ret < 0))
- kfree_skb(skb);
- else
- consume_skb(skb);
+ if (tun_is_xdp_buff(ptr)) {
+ struct xdp_buff *xdp = tun_ptr_to_xdp(ptr);
+
+ ret = tun_put_user_xdp(tun, tfile, xdp, to);
+ put_page(virt_to_head_page(xdp->data));
+ } else {
+ struct sk_buff *skb = ptr;
+
+ ret = tun_put_user(tun, tfile, skb, to);
+ if (unlikely(ret < 0))
+ kfree_skb(skb);
+ else
+ consume_skb(skb);
+ }

return ret;
}
@@ -2143,12 +2262,12 @@ static int tun_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *m, size_t total_len,
{
struct tun_file *tfile = container_of(sock, struct tun_file, socket);
struct tun_struct *tun = tun_get(tfile);
- struct sk_buff *skb = m->msg_control;
+ void *ptr = m->msg_control;
int ret;

if (!tun) {
ret = -EBADFD;
- goto out_free_skb;
+ goto out_free;
}

if (flags & ~(MSG_DONTWAIT|MSG_TRUNC|MSG_ERRQUEUE)) {
@@ -2160,7 +2279,7 @@ static int tun_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *m, size_t total_len,
SOL_PACKET, TUN_TX_TIMESTAMP);
goto out;
}
- ret = tun_do_read(tun, tfile, &m->msg_iter, flags & MSG_DONTWAIT, skb);
+ ret = tun_do_read(tun, tfile, &m->msg_iter, flags & MSG_DONTWAIT, ptr);
if (ret > (ssize_t)total_len) {
m->msg_flags |= MSG_TRUNC;
ret = flags & MSG_TRUNC ? ret : total_len;
@@ -2171,12 +2290,25 @@ static int tun_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *m, size_t total_len,

out_put_tun:
tun_put(tun);
-out_free_skb:
- if (skb)
- kfree_skb(skb);
+out_free:
+ tun_ptr_free(ptr);
return ret;
}

+static int tun_ptr_peek_len(void *ptr)
+{
+ if (likely(ptr)) {
+ if (tun_is_xdp_buff(ptr)) {
+ struct xdp_buff *xdp = tun_ptr_to_xdp(ptr);
+
+ return xdp->data_end - xdp->data;
+ }
+ return __skb_array_len_with_tag(ptr);
+ } else {
+ return 0;
+ }
+}
+
static int tun_peek_len(struct socket *sock)
{
struct tun_file *tfile = container_of(sock, struct tun_file, socket);
@@ -2187,7 +2319,7 @@ static int tun_peek_len(struct socket *sock)
if (!tun)
return 0;

- ret = PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(&tfile->tx_ring, __skb_array_len_with_tag);
+ ret = PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(&tfile->tx_ring, tun_ptr_peek_len);
tun_put(tun);

return ret;
@@ -3110,7 +3242,7 @@ static int tun_queue_resize(struct tun_struct *tun)

ret = ptr_ring_resize_multiple(rings, n,
dev->tx_queue_len, GFP_KERNEL,
- __skb_array_destroy_skb);
+ tun_ptr_free);

kfree(rings);
return ret;
@@ -3191,8 +3323,7 @@ struct socket *tun_get_socket(struct file *file)
struct tun_file *tfile;
if (file->f_op != &tun_fops)
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
- tfile = file->private_data;
- if (!tfile)
+ tfile = file->private_data; if (!tfile)
return ERR_PTR(-EBADFD);
return &tfile->socket;
}
diff --git a/drivers/vhost/net.c b/drivers/vhost/net.c
index c316555..a5a1db6 100644
--- a/drivers/vhost/net.c
+++ b/drivers/vhost/net.c
@@ -175,6 +175,17 @@ static void vhost_net_buf_unproduce(struct vhost_net_virtqueue *nvq)
}
}

+static int vhost_net_buf_peek_len(void *ptr)
+{
+ if (tun_is_xdp_buff(ptr)) {
+ struct xdp_buff *xdp = tun_ptr_to_xdp(ptr);
+
+ return xdp->data_end - xdp->data;
+ }
+
+ return __skb_array_len_with_tag(ptr);
+}
+
static int vhost_net_buf_peek(struct vhost_net_virtqueue *nvq)
{
struct vhost_net_buf *rxq = &nvq->rxq;
@@ -186,7 +197,7 @@ static int vhost_net_buf_peek(struct vhost_net_virtqueue *nvq)
return 0;

out:
- return __skb_array_len_with_tag(vhost_net_buf_get_ptr(rxq));
+ return vhost_net_buf_peek_len(vhost_net_buf_get_ptr(rxq));
}

static void vhost_net_buf_init(struct vhost_net_buf *rxq)
diff --git a/include/linux/if_tun.h b/include/linux/if_tun.h
index bdee9b8..1cafdc2 100644
--- a/include/linux/if_tun.h
+++ b/include/linux/if_tun.h
@@ -17,9 +17,14 @@

#include <uapi/linux/if_tun.h>

+#define TUN_XDP_FLAG 0x1ULL
+
#if defined(CONFIG_TUN) || defined(CONFIG_TUN_MODULE)
struct socket *tun_get_socket(struct file *);
struct ptr_ring *tun_get_tx_ring(struct file *file);
+bool tun_is_xdp_buff(void *ptr);
+void *tun_xdp_to_ptr(void *ptr);
+void *tun_ptr_to_xdp(void *ptr);
#else
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
@@ -33,5 +38,17 @@ static inline struct ptr_ring *tun_get_tx_ring(struct file *f)
{
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
}
+static inline bool tun_is_xdp_buff(void *ptr)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+void *tun_xdp_to_ptr(void *ptr)
+{
+ return NULL;
+}
+void *tun_ptr_to_xdp(void *ptr)
+{
+ return NULL;
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_TUN */
#endif /* __IF_TUN_H */
--
2.7.4
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