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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 0/6] PM / sleep: Driver flags for system suspend/resume (part 2)
Date
Hi All,

The following still applies:

> On Wednesday, November 8, 2017 1:41:35 AM CET Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> >
> > This is a follow-up for the first part of the PM driver flags series
> > sent previously some time ago with an intro as follows:
> >
> > On Saturday, October 28, 2017 12:11:55 AM CET Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > The following part of the original cover letter still applies:
> > >
> > > On Monday, October 16, 2017 3:12:35 AM CEST Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > >
> > > > This work was triggered by attempts to fix and optimize PM in the
> > > > i2c-designware-platdev driver that ended up with adding a couple of
> > > > flags to the driver's internal data structures for the tracking of
> > > > device state (https://marc.info/?l=linux-acpi&m=150629646805636&w=2).
> > > > That approach is sort of suboptimal, though, because other drivers will
> > > > probably want to do similar things and if all of them need to use internal
> > > > flags for that, quite a bit of code duplication may ensue at least.
> > > >
> > > > That can be avoided in a couple of ways and one of them is to provide a means
> > > > for drivers to tell the core what to do and to make the core take care of it
> > > > if told to do so. Hence, the idea to use driver flags for system-wide PM
> > > > that was briefly discussed during the LPC in LA last month.
> > >
> > > [...]
> > >
> > > > What can work (and this is the only strategy that can work AFAICS) is to
> > > > point different callback pointers *in* *a* *driver* to the same routine
> > > > if the driver wants to reuse that code. That actually will work for PCI
> > > > and USB drivers today, at least most of the time, but unfortunately there
> > > > are problems with it for, say, platform devices.
> > > >
> > > > The first problem is the requirement to track the status of the device
> > > > (suspended vs not suspended) in the callbacks, because the system-wide PM
> > > > code in the PM core doesn't do that. The runtime PM framework does it, so
> > > > this means adding some extra code which isn't necessary for runtime PM to
> > > > the callback routines and that is not particularly nice.
> > > >
> > > > The second problem is that, if the driver wants to do anything in its
> > > > ->suspend callback, it generally has to prevent runtime suspend of the
> > > > device from taking place in parallel with that, which is quite cumbersome.
> > > > Usually, that is taken care of by resuming the device from runtime suspend
> > > > upfront, but generally doing that is wasteful (there may be no real need to
> > > > resume the device except for the fact that the code is designed this way).
> > > >
> > > > On top of the above, there are optimizations to be made, like leaving certain
> > > > devices in suspend after system resume to avoid wasting time on waiting for
> > > > them to resume before user space can run again and similar.
> > > >
> > > > This patch series focuses on addressing those problems so as to make it
> > > > easier to reuse callback routines by pointing different callback pointers
> > > > to them in device drivers. The flags introduced here are to instruct the
> > > > PM core and middle layers (whatever they are) on how the driver wants the
> > > > device to be handled and then the driver has to provide callbacks to match
> > > > these instructions and the rest should be taken care of by the code above it.
> > > >
> > > > The flags are introduced one by one to avoid making too many changes in
> > > > one go and to allow things to be explained better (hopefully). They mostly
> > > > are mutually independent with some clearly documented exceptions.
> > >
> > > but I had to rework the core patches to address the problem pointed with the
> > > generic power domains (genpd) framework pointed out by Ulf.
> > >
> > > Namely, genpd expects its "noirq" callbacks to be invoked for devices in
> > > runtime suspend too and it has valid reasons for that, so its "noirq"
> > > callbacks can never be skipped, even for devices with the SMART_SUSPEND
> > > flag set. For this reason, the logic related to DPM_FLAG_SMART_SUSPEND
> > > had to be moved from the core to the PCI bus type and the ACPI PM domain
> > > which are mostly affected by it anyway. The code after the changes looks
> > > more straightforward to me, but it generally is more code and some patterns
> > > had to be repeated in a few places.
> >
> > I promised to send the rest of the series then:
> >
> > > I will send the core patches for the remaining two flags introduced by the
> > > original series separately and the intel-lpss and i2c-designware ones will
> > > be posted when the core patches have been reviewed and agreed on.
> >
> > and here it goes.
> >
> > It actually only adds support for one additional flag, namely for
> > DPM_FLAG_LEAVE_SUSPENDED, to the PM core (basic bits), PCI bus type and the
> > ACPI PM domain.
> >
> > That part of the series (patches [1-3/6]) is rather straightforward and, as PCI
> > and the ACPI PM domain are concerned, it should be functionally equivalent to
> > the previous version of the set, so I retained the Greg's ACKs on these patches.
> >
> > The other part (patches [4-6/6]) is sort of new, as it makes the PM core
> > carry out optimizations for devices with DPM_FLAG_LEAVE_SUSPENDED and/or
> > DPM_FLAG_SMART_SUSPEND set where the "noirq", "early" and "late" system-wide
> > PM callbacks provided by the drivers are invoked by the core directly. That
> > part basically allows platform drivers, for instance, to reuse runtime PM
> > callbacks (by pointing ->suspend_late and ->resume_early to them) without
> > adding extra checks to them, as long as they are called directly by the core
> > (or the ACPI PM domain).
>
> And on top of that, while replying to Ulf's comments I realized that devices
> with nonzero runtime PM usage_count reference counters cannot be left in suspend
> during system resume, because that would confuse the runtime PM framework going
> forward. Patches [1/6] and [5/6] have to be updated to avoid that, so here
> goes a new revision.

The v4 here addresses a mistake that I made while adding the usage_count
reference counters check (it should check whether or not they are greater
than 1, not just nonzero, because the PM core itself increments them in the
"prepare" phase of system suspend transitions) spotted by Ulf, makes the
NEvER_SKIP flag description in pm.h more precise, clarifies the description
of the new LEAVE_SUSPENDED flag in devices.rst and adds a comment in
device_resume_noirq() explaining why the runtime PM status of the device
is changed to "suspended" in there. All of that affects patch [1/6].

Patches [2-3/6] remain unmodified and some code is moved from patch [4/6]
to patches [5-6/6] (to address comments from Ulf). Also these patches have
been rebased on top of the modified [1/6].

All should apply on top of the current linux-next.

Thanks,
Rafael

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