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SubjectRe: [3/3] arm64: Add software workaround for Falkor erratum 1041
On Thu, 9 Nov 2017, Manoj Iyer wrote:

>
> James,
>
> Looks like my VM test raised a false alarm. I retested stock Artful 4.13
> kernel (No erratum 1041 patches applied).
>

James, an update on the crash (false alarm). We suspect this is a firmware
crash due to a possible fw bug. Once this is addressed I will be able to
send you the test results you requested on VM start/stop with the erratum
1041 patches applied.


> Host: Ubuntu Artful 4.13 kernel with *no* erratum 1041 patches applied.
> Guest: Ubuntu Zesty (4.10) kernel.
>
> - Created 20 VMs one at a time
>
> In a loop:
> - Stop (virsh destroy) 20 VMs one at a time
> - Start (virsh start) 20 VMs one at a time.
>
> And, I am able to reproduce the system reset issue I previously reported. I
> think the problem I reported with VMs might have nothing to do with the
> erratum 1041 patches, and probably needs to be root caused seperately.
>
> With stock 4.13 kernel (no erratum 1041 patches applied):
>
> awrep6 login: [ 461.881379] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
> [ 462.051194] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
> [ 462.223137] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
> [ 462.633790] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
> [ 463.231971] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
> [ 463.403163] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
> [ 463.822936] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
> [ 463.995222] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
> [ 464.130962] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
> [ 464.258973] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
> [ 465.283028] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
>
>
> SYS_DBG: Running SDI image (immediate mode)
> SYS_DBG: Ram Dump Init
> SYS_DBG: Failed to init SD card
> SYS_DBG: Resetting system!
>
>
> On Thu, 9 Nov 2017, Manoj Iyer wrote:
>
>>
>>
>>
>> On Thu, 9 Nov 2017, Manoj Iyer wrote:
>>
>>>
>>> James,
>>>
>>> (sorry for top-posting)
>>>
>>> Applied patch 3 patches to Ubuntu Artful Kernel ( 4.13.0-16-generic )
>>>
>>> - Start 20 VMs one at a time
>>>
>>> In a loop:
>>> - Stop (virsh destroy) 20 VMs one at a time
>>> - Start (virsh start) 20 VMs one at a time.
>>
>> Fixing some confusion I might have introduced in my prev email.
>>
>> - Applied all 3 patches to Ubuntu Artful Kernel ( 4.13.0-16-generic )
>>
>> - Created 20 VMs one at a time
>>
>> In a loop:
>> - Stop (virsh destroy) 20 VMs one at a time
>> - Start (virsh start) 20 VMs one at a time.
>>
>>>
>>> The system reset's itself after starting the last VM on the 1st loop
>>> displaying the following:
>>>
>>> awrep6 login: [ 603.349141] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
>>> [ 603.765101] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
>>> [ 603.937389] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
>>> [ 608.285495] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
>>> [ 608.289481] ACPI CPPC: PCC check channel failed. Status=0
>>>
>>> SYS_DBG: Running SDI image (immediate mode)
>>> SYS_DBG: Ram Dump Init
>>> SYS_DBG: Failed to init SD card
>>> SYS_DBG: Resetting system!
>>>
>>> Followed by the following messages on system reboot:
>>> [ 6.616891] BERT: Error records from previous boot:
>>> [ 6.621655] [Hardware Error]: event severity: fatal
>>> [ 6.626516] [Hardware Error]: imprecise tstamp: 0000-00-00 00:00:00
>>> [ 6.632851] [Hardware Error]: Error 0, type: fatal
>>> [ 6.637713] [Hardware Error]: section type: unknown,
>>> d2e2621c-f936-468d-0d84-15a4ed015c8b
>>> [ 6.646045] [Hardware Error]: section length: 0x238
>>> [ 6.651082] [Hardware Error]: 00000000: 72724502 5220726f 6f736165
>>> 6e55206e .Error Reason Un
>>> [ 6.659761] [Hardware Error]: 00000010: 776f6e6b 0000006e 00000000
>>> 00000000 known...........
>>> [ 6.668442] [Hardware Error]: 00000020: 00000000 00000000 00000000
>>> 00000000 ................
>>> [ 6.677122] [Hardware Error]: 00000030: 00000000 00000000 00000000
>>> 00000000 ................
>>>
>>>
>>> On Thu, 9 Nov 2017, James Morse wrote:
>>>
>>>> Hi Manoj,
>>>>
>>>> On 08/11/17 19:05, Manoj Iyer wrote:
>>>>> On Thu, 2 Nov 2017, Shanker Donthineni wrote:
>>>>>> The ARM architecture defines the memory locations that are permitted
>>>>>> to be accessed as the result of a speculative instruction fetch from
>>>>>> an exception level for which all stages of translation are disabled.
>>>>>> Specifically, the core is permitted to speculatively fetch from the
>>>>>> 4KB region containing the current program counter and next 4KB.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> When translation is changed from enabled to disabled for the running
>>>>>> exception level (SCTLR_ELn[M] changed from a value of 1 to 0), the
>>>>>> Falkor core may errantly speculatively access memory locations outside
>>>>>> of the 4KB region permitted by the architecture. The errant memory
>>>>>> access may lead to one of the following unexpected behaviors.
>>>>
>>>>> I applied the 3 patches to Ubuntu 4.13.0-16-generic (Artful) kernel and
>>>>> ran stress-ng cpu tests on QDF2400 server
>>>>
>>>> [...]
>>>>
>>>>> Where stress-ng would spawn N workers and test cpu offline/online,
>>>>> perform
>>>>> matrix operations, do rapid context switchs, and anonymous mmaps.
>>>>> Although
>>>>> I was not able to reproduce the erratum on the stock 4.13 kernel using
>>>>> the
>>>>> same test case, the patched kernel did not seem to introduce any
>>>>> regressions either. I ran the stress-ng tests for over 8hrs found the
>>>>> system to be stable.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Could you throw kexec and KVM into the mix? This issue only shows up when
>>>> we
>>>> disable the MMU, which we almost never do.
>>>>
>>>> For CPU offline/online we make the PSCI 'offline' call with the MMU
>>>> enabled.
>>>> When the CPU comes back firmware has reset the EL2/EL1 SCTLR from a
>>>> higher
>>>> exception level, so it won't hit this issue.
>>>>
>>>> One place we do this is kexec, where we drop into purgatory with the MMU
>>>> disabled.
>>>>
>>>> The other is KVM unloading itself to return to the hyp stub. You can
>>>> stress this
>>>> by starting and stopping a VM. When the number of VMs reaches 0 KVM
>>>> should
>>>> unload via 'kvm_arch_hardware_disable()'.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Thanks,
>>>>
>>>> James
>>>>
>>>>
>>>
>>> --
>>> ============================
>>> Manoj Iyer
>>> Ubuntu/Canonical
>>> ARM Servers - Cloud
>>> ============================
>>>
>>>
>>
>> --
>> ============================
>> Manoj Iyer
>> Ubuntu/Canonical
>> ARM Servers - Cloud
>> ============================
>>
>>
>
> --
> ============================
> Manoj Iyer
> Ubuntu/Canonical
> ARM Servers - Cloud
> ============================
>
>

--
============================
Manoj Iyer
Ubuntu/Canonical
ARM Servers - Cloud
============================

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