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Subject[PATCH] arch, mm: introduce arch_tlb_gather_mmu_lazy (was: Re: [RESEND PATCH] mm, oom_reaper: gather each vma to prevent) leaking TLB entry
On Fri 10-11-17 11:15:29, Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Fri 10-11-17 09:19:33, Minchan Kim wrote:
> > On Tue, Nov 07, 2017 at 09:54:53AM +0000, Wang Nan wrote:
> > > tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, 0, -1) means gathering the whole virtual memory
> > > space. In this case, tlb->fullmm is true. Some archs like arm64 doesn't
> > > flush TLB when tlb->fullmm is true:
> > >
> > > commit 5a7862e83000 ("arm64: tlbflush: avoid flushing when fullmm == 1").
> > >
> > > Which makes leaking of tlb entries.
> >
> > That means soft-dirty which has used tlb_gather_mmu with fullmm could be
> > broken via losing write-protection bit once it supports arm64 in future?
> >
> > If so, it would be better to use TASK_SIZE rather than -1 in tlb_gather_mmu.
> > Of course, it's a off-topic.
>
> I wouldn't play tricks like that. And maybe the API itself could be more
> explicit. E.g. add a lazy parameter which would allow arch specific code
> to not flush if it is sure that nobody can actually stumble over missed
> flush. E.g. the following?

This one has a changelog and even compiles on my crosscompile test
---
From 7f0fcd2cab379ddac5611b2a520cdca8a77a235b Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Date: Fri, 10 Nov 2017 11:27:17 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] arch, mm: introduce arch_tlb_gather_mmu_lazy

5a7862e83000 ("arm64: tlbflush: avoid flushing when fullmm == 1") has
introduced an optimization to not flush tlb when we are tearing the
whole address space down. Will goes on to explain

: Basically, we tag each address space with an ASID (PCID on x86) which
: is resident in the TLB. This means we can elide TLB invalidation when
: pulling down a full mm because we won't ever assign that ASID to
: another mm without doing TLB invalidation elsewhere (which actually
: just nukes the whole TLB).

This all is nice but tlb_gather users are not aware of that and this can
actually cause some real problems. E.g. the oom_reaper tries to reap the
whole address space but it might race with threads accessing the memory [1].
It is possible that soft-dirty handling might suffer from the same
problem [2].

Introduce an explicit lazy variant tlb_gather_mmu_lazy which allows the
behavior arm64 implements for the fullmm case and replace it by an
explicit lazy flag in the mmu_gather structure. exit_mmap path is then
turned into the explicit lazy variant. Other architectures simply ignore
the flag.

[1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171106033651.172368-1-wangnan0@huawei.com
[2] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171110001933.GA12421@bbox
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
---
arch/arm/include/asm/tlb.h | 3 ++-
arch/arm64/include/asm/tlb.h | 2 +-
arch/ia64/include/asm/tlb.h | 3 ++-
arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h | 3 ++-
arch/sh/include/asm/tlb.h | 2 +-
arch/um/include/asm/tlb.h | 2 +-
include/asm-generic/tlb.h | 6 ++++--
include/linux/mm_types.h | 2 ++
mm/memory.c | 17 +++++++++++++++--
mm/mmap.c | 2 +-
10 files changed, 31 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/tlb.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/tlb.h
index d5562f9ce600..fe9042aee8e9 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/tlb.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/tlb.h
@@ -149,7 +149,8 @@ static inline void tlb_flush_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb)

static inline void
arch_tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm,
- unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+ unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
+ bool lazy)
{
tlb->mm = mm;
tlb->fullmm = !(start | (end+1));
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/tlb.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/tlb.h
index ffdaea7954bb..7adde19b2bcc 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/tlb.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/tlb.h
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ static inline void tlb_flush(struct mmu_gather *tlb)
* The ASID allocator will either invalidate the ASID or mark
* it as used.
*/
- if (tlb->fullmm)
+ if (tlb->lazy)
return;

/*
diff --git a/arch/ia64/include/asm/tlb.h b/arch/ia64/include/asm/tlb.h
index cbe5ac3699bf..50c440f5b7bc 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/include/asm/tlb.h
+++ b/arch/ia64/include/asm/tlb.h
@@ -169,7 +169,8 @@ static inline void __tlb_alloc_page(struct mmu_gather *tlb)

static inline void
arch_tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm,
- unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+ unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
+ bool lazy)
{
tlb->mm = mm;
tlb->max = ARRAY_SIZE(tlb->local);
diff --git a/arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h b/arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h
index 2eb8ff0d6fca..2310657b64c4 100644
--- a/arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h
+++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h
@@ -49,7 +49,8 @@ extern void tlb_remove_table(struct mmu_gather *tlb, void *table);

static inline void
arch_tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm,
- unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+ unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
+ bool lazy)
{
tlb->mm = mm;
tlb->start = start;
diff --git a/arch/sh/include/asm/tlb.h b/arch/sh/include/asm/tlb.h
index 51a8bc967e75..ae4c50a7c1ec 100644
--- a/arch/sh/include/asm/tlb.h
+++ b/arch/sh/include/asm/tlb.h
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@ static inline void init_tlb_gather(struct mmu_gather *tlb)

static inline void
arch_tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm,
- unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+ unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool lazy)
{
tlb->mm = mm;
tlb->start = start;
diff --git a/arch/um/include/asm/tlb.h b/arch/um/include/asm/tlb.h
index 344d95619d03..f24af66d07a4 100644
--- a/arch/um/include/asm/tlb.h
+++ b/arch/um/include/asm/tlb.h
@@ -46,7 +46,7 @@ static inline void init_tlb_gather(struct mmu_gather *tlb)

static inline void
arch_tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm,
- unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+ unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool lazy)
{
tlb->mm = mm;
tlb->start = start;
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/tlb.h b/include/asm-generic/tlb.h
index faddde44de8c..e6f0b8715e52 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/tlb.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/tlb.h
@@ -101,7 +101,8 @@ struct mmu_gather {
unsigned int fullmm : 1,
/* we have performed an operation which
* requires a complete flush of the tlb */
- need_flush_all : 1;
+ need_flush_all : 1,
+ lazy : 1;

struct mmu_gather_batch *active;
struct mmu_gather_batch local;
@@ -113,7 +114,8 @@ struct mmu_gather {
#define HAVE_GENERIC_MMU_GATHER

void arch_tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
- struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
+ struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
+ bool lazy);
void tlb_flush_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb);
void arch_tlb_finish_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool force);
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index 2a728317cba0..3208bea0356f 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -523,6 +523,8 @@ static inline cpumask_t *mm_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm)
struct mmu_gather;
extern void tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
+extern void tlb_gather_mmu_lazy(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm,
+ unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
extern void tlb_finish_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end);

diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index 590709e84a43..7dfdd4d8224f 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -218,13 +218,15 @@ static bool tlb_next_batch(struct mmu_gather *tlb)
}

void arch_tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm,
- unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+ unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
+ bool lazy)
{
tlb->mm = mm;

/* Is it from 0 to ~0? */
tlb->fullmm = !(start | (end+1));
tlb->need_flush_all = 0;
+ tlb->lazy = lazy;
tlb->local.next = NULL;
tlb->local.nr = 0;
tlb->local.max = ARRAY_SIZE(tlb->__pages);
@@ -408,7 +410,18 @@ void tlb_remove_table(struct mmu_gather *tlb, void *table)
void tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
- arch_tlb_gather_mmu(tlb, mm, start, end);
+ arch_tlb_gather_mmu(tlb, mm, start, end, false);
+ inc_tlb_flush_pending(tlb->mm);
+}
+
+/* tlb_gather_mmu_lazy
+ * Basically same as tlb_gather_mmu except it allows architectures to
+ * skip tlb flushing if they can ensure that nobody will reuse tlb entries
+ */
+void tlb_gather_mmu_lazy(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm,
+ unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+ arch_tlb_gather_mmu(tlb, mm, start, end, true);
inc_tlb_flush_pending(tlb->mm);
}

diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index 680506faceae..43594a6a2eac 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -2997,7 +2997,7 @@ void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)

lru_add_drain();
flush_cache_mm(mm);
- tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, 0, -1);
+ tlb_gather_mmu_lazy(&tlb, mm, 0, -1);
/* update_hiwater_rss(mm) here? but nobody should be looking */
/* Use -1 here to ensure all VMAs in the mm are unmapped */
unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, 0, -1);
--
2.14.2
--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs
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