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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/6] PM / core: Add LEAVE_SUSPENDED driver flag
On 8 November 2017 at 14:25, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
>
> Define and document a new driver flag, DPM_FLAG_LEAVE_SUSPENDED, to
> instruct the PM core and middle-layer (bus type, PM domain, etc.)
> code that it is desirable to leave the device in runtime suspend
> after system-wide transitions to the working state (for example,
> the device may be slow to resume and it may be better to avoid
> resuming it right away).
>
> Generally, the middle-layer code involved in the handling of the
> device is expected to indicate to the PM core whether or not the
> device may be left in suspend with the help of the device's
> power.may_skip_resume status bit. That has to happen in the "noirq"
> phase of the preceding system suspend (or analogous) transition.
> The middle layer is then responsible for handling the device as
> appropriate in its "noirq" resume callback which is executed
> regardless of whether or not the device may be left suspended, but
> the other resume callbacks (except for ->complete) will be skipped
> automatically by the core if the device really can be left in
> suspend.

I don't understand the reason to why you need to skip invoking resume
callbacks to achieve this behavior, could you elaborate on that?

Couldn't the PM domain or the middle-layer instead decide what to do?
To me it sounds a bit prone to errors by skipping callbacks from the
PM core, and I wonder if the general driver author will be able to
understand how to use this flag properly.

That said, as the series don't include any changes for drivers making
use of the flag, could please fold in such change as it would provide
a more complete picture?

>
> The additional power.must_resume status bit introduced for the
> implementation of this mechanisn is used internally by the PM core
> to track the requirement to resume the device (which may depend on
> its children etc).

Yeah, clearly the PM core needs to be involved, because of the need of
dealing with parent/child relations, however as kind of indicate
above, couldn't the PM core just set some flag/status bits, which
instructs the middle-layer and PM domain on what to do? That sounds
like an easier approach.

>
> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> Acked-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> ---
> Documentation/driver-api/pm/devices.rst | 24 ++++++++++-
> drivers/base/power/main.c | 65 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> include/linux/pm.h | 14 +++++-
> 3 files changed, 93 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>
> Index: linux-pm/include/linux/pm.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/include/linux/pm.h
> +++ linux-pm/include/linux/pm.h
> @@ -559,6 +559,7 @@ struct pm_subsys_data {
> * NEVER_SKIP: Do not skip system suspend/resume callbacks for the device.
> * SMART_PREPARE: Check the return value of the driver's ->prepare callback.
> * SMART_SUSPEND: No need to resume the device from runtime suspend.
> + * LEAVE_SUSPENDED: Avoid resuming the device during system resume if possible.
> *
> * Setting SMART_PREPARE instructs bus types and PM domains which may want
> * system suspend/resume callbacks to be skipped for the device to return 0 from
> @@ -572,10 +573,14 @@ struct pm_subsys_data {
> * necessary from the driver's perspective. It also may cause them to skip
> * invocations of the ->suspend_late and ->suspend_noirq callbacks provided by
> * the driver if they decide to leave the device in runtime suspend.
> + *
> + * Setting LEAVE_SUSPENDED informs the PM core and middle-layer code that the
> + * driver prefers the device to be left in runtime suspend after system resume.
> */
> -#define DPM_FLAG_NEVER_SKIP BIT(0)
> -#define DPM_FLAG_SMART_PREPARE BIT(1)
> -#define DPM_FLAG_SMART_SUSPEND BIT(2)
> +#define DPM_FLAG_NEVER_SKIP BIT(0)
> +#define DPM_FLAG_SMART_PREPARE BIT(1)
> +#define DPM_FLAG_SMART_SUSPEND BIT(2)
> +#define DPM_FLAG_LEAVE_SUSPENDED BIT(3)
>
> struct dev_pm_info {
> pm_message_t power_state;
> @@ -597,6 +602,8 @@ struct dev_pm_info {
> bool wakeup_path:1;
> bool syscore:1;
> bool no_pm_callbacks:1; /* Owned by the PM core */
> + unsigned int must_resume:1; /* Owned by the PM core */
> + unsigned int may_skip_resume:1; /* Set by subsystems */
> #else
> unsigned int should_wakeup:1;
> #endif
> @@ -765,6 +772,7 @@ extern int pm_generic_poweroff_late(stru
> extern int pm_generic_poweroff(struct device *dev);
> extern void pm_generic_complete(struct device *dev);
>
> +extern bool dev_pm_may_skip_resume(struct device *dev);
> extern bool dev_pm_smart_suspend_and_suspended(struct device *dev);
>
> #else /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */
> Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/power/main.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/power/main.c
> +++ linux-pm/drivers/base/power/main.c
> @@ -528,6 +528,18 @@ static void dpm_watchdog_clear(struct dp
> /*------------------------- Resume routines -------------------------*/
>
> /**
> + * dev_pm_may_skip_resume - System-wide device resume optimization check.
> + * @dev: Target device.
> + *
> + * Checks whether or not the device may be left in suspend after a system-wide
> + * transition to the working state.
> + */
> +bool dev_pm_may_skip_resume(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + return !dev->power.must_resume && pm_transition.event != PM_EVENT_RESTORE;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> * device_resume_noirq - Execute a "noirq resume" callback for given device.
> * @dev: Device to handle.
> * @state: PM transition of the system being carried out.
> @@ -575,6 +587,12 @@ static int device_resume_noirq(struct de
> error = dpm_run_callback(callback, dev, state, info);
> dev->power.is_noirq_suspended = false;
>
> + if (dev_pm_may_skip_resume(dev)) {
> + pm_runtime_set_suspended(dev);

According to the doc, the DPM_FLAG_LEAVE_SUSPENDED intends to leave
the device in runtime suspend state during system resume.
However, here you are actually trying to change its runtime PM state to that.

Moreover, you should check the return value from
pm_runtime_set_suspended(). Then I wonder, what should you do when it
fails here?

Perhaps a better idea is to do this in the noirq suspend phase,
because it allows you to bail out in case pm_runtime_set_suspended()
fails.

Another option is to leave this to the middle-layer and PM domain,
that would make it more flexible and probably also easier for them to
deal with the error path.

> + dev->power.is_late_suspended = false;
> + dev->power.is_suspended = false;pm_runtime_set_suspended(
> + }
> +
> Out:
> complete_all(&dev->power.completion);
> TRACE_RESUME(error);
> @@ -1076,6 +1094,22 @@ static pm_message_t resume_event(pm_mess
> return PMSG_ON;
> }
>
> +static void dpm_superior_set_must_resume(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + struct device_link *link;
> + int idx;
> +
> + if (dev->parent)
> + dev->parent->power.must_resume = true;
> +
> + idx = device_links_read_lock();
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links.suppliers, c_node)
> + link->supplier->power.must_resume = true;
> +
> + device_links_read_unlock(idx);
> +}
> +
> /**
> * __device_suspend_noirq - Execute a "noirq suspend" callback for given device.
> * @dev: Device to handle.
> @@ -1127,10 +1161,27 @@ static int __device_suspend_noirq(struct
> }
>
> error = dpm_run_callback(callback, dev, state, info);
> - if (!error)
> - dev->power.is_noirq_suspended = true;
> - else
> + if (error) {
> async_error = error;
> + goto Complete;
> + }
> +
> + dev->power.is_noirq_suspended = true;
> +
> + if (dev_pm_test_driver_flags(dev, DPM_FLAG_LEAVE_SUSPENDED)) {
> + /*
> + * The only safe strategy here is to require that if the device
> + * may not be left in suspend, resume callbacks must be invoked
> + * for it.
> + */
> + dev->power.must_resume = dev->power.must_resume ||
> + !dev->power.may_skip_resume;
> + } else {
> + dev->power.must_resume = true;
> + }
> +
> + if (dev->power.must_resume)
> + dpm_superior_set_must_resume(dev);
>
> Complete:
> complete_all(&dev->power.completion);
> @@ -1487,6 +1538,9 @@ static int __device_suspend(struct devic
> dev->power.direct_complete = false;
> }
>
> + dev->power.may_skip_resume = false;
> + dev->power.must_resume = false;
> +
> dpm_watchdog_set(&wd, dev);
> device_lock(dev);
>
> @@ -1652,8 +1706,9 @@ static int device_prepare(struct device
> if (dev->power.syscore)
> return 0;
>
> - WARN_ON(dev_pm_test_driver_flags(dev, DPM_FLAG_SMART_SUSPEND) &&
> - !pm_runtime_enabled(dev));
> + WARN_ON(!pm_runtime_enabled(dev) &&
> + dev_pm_test_driver_flags(dev, DPM_FLAG_SMART_SUSPEND |
> + DPM_FLAG_LEAVE_SUSPENDED));
>
> /*
> * If a device's parent goes into runtime suspend at the wrong time,
> Index: linux-pm/Documentation/driver-api/pm/devices.rst
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/Documentation/driver-api/pm/devices.rst
> +++ linux-pm/Documentation/driver-api/pm/devices.rst
> @@ -788,6 +788,26 @@ must reflect the "active" status for run
>
> During system-wide resume from a sleep state it's easiest to put devices into
> the full-power state, as explained in :file:`Documentation/power/runtime_pm.txt`.
> -Refer to that document for more information regarding this particular issue as
> +[Refer to that document for more information regarding this particular issue as
> well as for information on the device runtime power management framework in
> -general.
> +general.]
> +
> +However, it may be desirable to leave some devices in runtime suspend after
> +system transitions to the working state and device drivers can use the
> +``DPM_FLAG_LEAVE_SUSPENDED`` flag to indicate to the PM core (and middle-layer
> +code) that this is the case. Whether or not the devices will actually be left
> +in suspend may depend on their state before the given system suspend-resume
> +cycle and on the type of the system transition under way. In particular,
> +devices are not left suspended if that transition is a restore from hibernation,
> +as device states are not guaranteed to be reflected by the information stored in
> +the hibernation image in that case.
> +
> +The middle-layer code involved in the handling of the device has to indicate to
> +the PM core if the device may be left in suspend with the help of its
> +:c:member:`power.may_skip_resume` status bit. That has to happen in the "noirq"
> +phase of the preceding system-wide suspend (or analogous) transition. The
> +middle layer is then responsible for handling the device as appropriate in its
> +"noirq" resume callback, which is executed regardless of whether or not the
> +device may be left suspended, but the other resume callbacks (except for
> +``->complete``) will be skipped automatically by the PM core if the device
> +really can be left in suspend.
>

Kind regards
Uffe

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