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SubjectRe: [Intel-gfx] [PATCH 1/2] drm/i915: Preallocate our mmu notifier workequeu to unbreak cpu hotplug deadlock
On Fri, Oct 06, 2017 at 12:34:02PM +0100, Tvrtko Ursulin wrote:
>
> On 06/10/2017 10:06, Daniel Vetter wrote:
> > 4.14-rc1 gained the fancy new cross-release support in lockdep, which
> > seems to have uncovered a few more rules about what is allowed and
> > isn't.
> >
> > This one here seems to indicate that allocating a work-queue while
> > holding mmap_sem is a no-go, so let's try to preallocate it.
> >
> > Of course another way to break this chain would be somewhere in the
> > cpu hotplug code, since this isn't the only trace we're finding now
> > which goes through msr_create_device.
> >
> > Full lockdep splat:
> >
> > ======================================================
> > WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
> > 4.14.0-rc1-CI-CI_DRM_3118+ #1 Tainted: G U
> > ------------------------------------------------------
> > prime_mmap/1551 is trying to acquire lock:
> > (cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem){++++}, at: [<ffffffff8109dbb7>] apply_workqueue_attrs+0x17/0x50
> >
> > but task is already holding lock:
> > (&dev_priv->mm_lock){+.+.}, at: [<ffffffffa01a7b2a>] i915_gem_userptr_init__mmu_notifier+0x14a/0x270 [i915]
> >
> > which lock already depends on the new lock.
> >
> > the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
> >
> > -> #6 (&dev_priv->mm_lock){+.+.}:
> > __lock_acquire+0x1420/0x15e0
> > lock_acquire+0xb0/0x200
> > __mutex_lock+0x86/0x9b0
> > mutex_lock_nested+0x1b/0x20
> > i915_gem_userptr_init__mmu_notifier+0x14a/0x270 [i915]
> > i915_gem_userptr_ioctl+0x222/0x2c0 [i915]
> > drm_ioctl_kernel+0x69/0xb0
> > drm_ioctl+0x2f9/0x3d0
> > do_vfs_ioctl+0x94/0x670
> > SyS_ioctl+0x41/0x70
> > entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1c/0xb1
> >
> > -> #5 (&mm->mmap_sem){++++}:
> > __lock_acquire+0x1420/0x15e0
> > lock_acquire+0xb0/0x200
> > __might_fault+0x68/0x90
> > _copy_to_user+0x23/0x70
> > filldir+0xa5/0x120
> > dcache_readdir+0xf9/0x170
> > iterate_dir+0x69/0x1a0
> > SyS_getdents+0xa5/0x140
> > entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1c/0xb1
> >
> > -> #4 (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#5){++++}:
> > down_write+0x3b/0x70
> > handle_create+0xcb/0x1e0
> > devtmpfsd+0x139/0x180
> > kthread+0x152/0x190
> > ret_from_fork+0x27/0x40
> >
> > -> #3 ((complete)&req.done){+.+.}:
> > __lock_acquire+0x1420/0x15e0
> > lock_acquire+0xb0/0x200
> > wait_for_common+0x58/0x210
> > wait_for_completion+0x1d/0x20
> > devtmpfs_create_node+0x13d/0x160
> > device_add+0x5eb/0x620
> > device_create_groups_vargs+0xe0/0xf0
> > device_create+0x3a/0x40
> > msr_device_create+0x2b/0x40
> > cpuhp_invoke_callback+0xa3/0x840
> > cpuhp_thread_fun+0x7a/0x150
> > smpboot_thread_fn+0x18a/0x280
> > kthread+0x152/0x190
> > ret_from_fork+0x27/0x40
> >
> > -> #2 (cpuhp_state){+.+.}:
> > __lock_acquire+0x1420/0x15e0
> > lock_acquire+0xb0/0x200
> > cpuhp_issue_call+0x10b/0x170
> > __cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked+0x134/0x2a0
> > __cpuhp_setup_state+0x46/0x60
> > page_writeback_init+0x43/0x67
> > pagecache_init+0x3d/0x42
> > start_kernel+0x3a8/0x3fc
> > x86_64_start_reservations+0x2a/0x2c
> > x86_64_start_kernel+0x6d/0x70
> > verify_cpu+0x0/0xfb
> >
> > -> #1 (cpuhp_state_mutex){+.+.}:
> > __lock_acquire+0x1420/0x15e0
> > lock_acquire+0xb0/0x200
> > __mutex_lock+0x86/0x9b0
> > mutex_lock_nested+0x1b/0x20
> > __cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked+0x52/0x2a0
> > __cpuhp_setup_state+0x46/0x60
> > page_alloc_init+0x28/0x30
> > start_kernel+0x145/0x3fc
> > x86_64_start_reservations+0x2a/0x2c
> > x86_64_start_kernel+0x6d/0x70
> > verify_cpu+0x0/0xfb
> >
> > -> #0 (cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem){++++}:
> > check_prev_add+0x430/0x840
> > __lock_acquire+0x1420/0x15e0
> > lock_acquire+0xb0/0x200
> > cpus_read_lock+0x3d/0xb0
> > apply_workqueue_attrs+0x17/0x50
> > __alloc_workqueue_key+0x1d8/0x4d9
> > i915_gem_userptr_init__mmu_notifier+0x1fb/0x270 [i915]
> > i915_gem_userptr_ioctl+0x222/0x2c0 [i915]
> > drm_ioctl_kernel+0x69/0xb0
> > drm_ioctl+0x2f9/0x3d0
> > do_vfs_ioctl+0x94/0x670
> > SyS_ioctl+0x41/0x70
> > entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1c/0xb1
> >
> > other info that might help us debug this:
> >
> > Chain exists of:
> > cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem --> &mm->mmap_sem --> &dev_priv->mm_lock
> >
> > Possible unsafe locking scenario:
> >
> > CPU0 CPU1
> > ---- ----
> > lock(&dev_priv->mm_lock);
> > lock(&mm->mmap_sem);
> > lock(&dev_priv->mm_lock);
> > lock(cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem);
> >
> > *** DEADLOCK ***
> >
> > 2 locks held by prime_mmap/1551:
> > #0: (&mm->mmap_sem){++++}, at: [<ffffffffa01a7b18>] i915_gem_userptr_init__mmu_notifier+0x138/0x270 [i915]
> > #1: (&dev_priv->mm_lock){+.+.}, at: [<ffffffffa01a7b2a>] i915_gem_userptr_init__mmu_notifier+0x14a/0x270 [i915]
> >
> > stack backtrace:
> > CPU: 4 PID: 1551 Comm: prime_mmap Tainted: G U 4.14.0-rc1-CI-CI_DRM_3118+ #1
> > Hardware name: Dell Inc. XPS 8300 /0Y2MRG, BIOS A06 10/17/2011
> > Call Trace:
> > dump_stack+0x68/0x9f
> > print_circular_bug+0x235/0x3c0
> > ? lockdep_init_map_crosslock+0x20/0x20
> > check_prev_add+0x430/0x840
> > __lock_acquire+0x1420/0x15e0
> > ? __lock_acquire+0x1420/0x15e0
> > ? lockdep_init_map_crosslock+0x20/0x20
> > lock_acquire+0xb0/0x200
> > ? apply_workqueue_attrs+0x17/0x50
> > cpus_read_lock+0x3d/0xb0
> > ? apply_workqueue_attrs+0x17/0x50
> > apply_workqueue_attrs+0x17/0x50
> > __alloc_workqueue_key+0x1d8/0x4d9
> > ? __lockdep_init_map+0x57/0x1c0
> > i915_gem_userptr_init__mmu_notifier+0x1fb/0x270 [i915]
> > i915_gem_userptr_ioctl+0x222/0x2c0 [i915]
> > ? i915_gem_userptr_release+0x140/0x140 [i915]
> > drm_ioctl_kernel+0x69/0xb0
> > drm_ioctl+0x2f9/0x3d0
> > ? i915_gem_userptr_release+0x140/0x140 [i915]
> > ? __do_page_fault+0x2a4/0x570
> > do_vfs_ioctl+0x94/0x670
> > ? entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x5/0xb1
> > ? __this_cpu_preempt_check+0x13/0x20
> > ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0xe3/0x1b0
> > SyS_ioctl+0x41/0x70
> > entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1c/0xb1
> > RIP: 0033:0x7fbb83c39587
> > RSP: 002b:00007fff188dc228 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000010
> > RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: ffffffff81492963 RCX: 00007fbb83c39587
> > RDX: 00007fff188dc260 RSI: 00000000c0186473 RDI: 0000000000000003
> > RBP: ffffc90001487f88 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 00007fff188dc2ac
> > R10: 00007fbb83efcb58 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 0000000000000000
> > R13: 0000000000000003 R14: 00000000c0186473 R15: 00007fff188dc2ac
> > ? __this_cpu_preempt_check+0x13/0x20
> >
> > v2: Set ret correctly when we raced with another thread.
> >
> > v3: Use Chris' diff. Attach the right lockdep splat.
> >
> > Cc: Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk>
> > Cc: Tvrtko Ursulin <tvrtko.ursulin@intel.com>
> > Cc: Joonas Lahtinen <joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com>
> > Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> > Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> > Cc: Sasha Levin <alexander.levin@verizon.com>
> > Cc: Marta Lofstedt <marta.lofstedt@intel.com>
> > Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
> > References: https://intel-gfx-ci.01.org/tree/drm-tip/CI_DRM_3180/shard-hsw3/igt@prime_mmap@test_userptr.html
> > Bugzilla: https://bugs.freedesktop.org/show_bug.cgi?id=102939
> > Signed-off-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@intel.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_userptr.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++--------------
> > 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_userptr.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_userptr.c
> > index 2d4996de7331..f9b3406401af 100644
> > --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_userptr.c
> > +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_userptr.c
> > @@ -164,7 +164,6 @@ static struct i915_mmu_notifier *
> > i915_mmu_notifier_create(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > {
> > struct i915_mmu_notifier *mn;
> > - int ret;
> > mn = kmalloc(sizeof(*mn), GFP_KERNEL);
> > if (mn == NULL)
> > @@ -179,14 +178,6 @@ i915_mmu_notifier_create(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> > }
> > - /* Protected by mmap_sem (write-lock) */
> > - ret = __mmu_notifier_register(&mn->mn, mm);
> > - if (ret) {
> > - destroy_workqueue(mn->wq);
> > - kfree(mn);
> > - return ERR_PTR(ret);
> > - }
> > -
> > return mn;
> > }
> > @@ -210,23 +201,37 @@ i915_gem_userptr_release__mmu_notifier(struct drm_i915_gem_object *obj)
> > static struct i915_mmu_notifier *
> > i915_mmu_notifier_find(struct i915_mm_struct *mm)
> > {
> > - struct i915_mmu_notifier *mn = mm->mn;
> > + struct i915_mmu_notifier *mn;
> > + int err;
> > mn = mm->mn;
> > if (mn)
> > return mn;
> > + mn = i915_mmu_notifier_create(mm->mm);
> > + if (IS_ERR(mn))
> > + return mn;
>
> Strictly speaking we don't want to fail just yet, only it we actually needed
> a new notifier and we failed to create it.

The check 2 lines above not good enough? It's somewhat racy, but I'm not
sure what value we provide by being perfectly correct against low memory.
This thread racing against a 2nd one, where the minimal allocation of the
2nd one pushed us perfectly over the oom threshold seems a very unlikely
scenario.

Also, small allocations actually never fail :-)

>
> > +
> > + err = 0;
> > down_write(&mm->mm->mmap_sem);
> > mutex_lock(&mm->i915->mm_lock);
> > - if ((mn = mm->mn) == NULL) {
> > - mn = i915_mmu_notifier_create(mm->mm);
> > - if (!IS_ERR(mn))
> > - mm->mn = mn;
> > + if (mm->mn == NULL) {
> > + /* Protected by mmap_sem (write-lock) */
> > + err = __mmu_notifier_register(&mn->mn, mm->mm);
> > + if (!err) {
> > + /* Protected by mm_lock */
> > + mm->mn = fetch_and_zero(&mn);
> > + }
> > }
> > mutex_unlock(&mm->i915->mm_lock);
> > up_write(&mm->mm->mmap_sem);
> > - return mn;
> > + if (mn) {
> > + destroy_workqueue(mn->wq);
> > + kfree(mn);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return err ? ERR_PTR(err) : mm->mn;
> > }
> > static int
> >
>
> Otherwise looks good to me.
>
> I would also put a note in the commit on how working around the locking
> issue is also beneficial to performance with moving the allocation step
> outside the mmap_sem.

Yeah Chris brought that up too, I don't really buy it given how
heavy-weight __mmu_notifier_register is. But I can add something like:

"This also has the minor benefit of slightly reducing the critical
section where we hold mmap_sem."

r-b with that added to the commit message?
-Daniel
--
Daniel Vetter
Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
http://blog.ffwll.ch

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