lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Oct]   [6]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH v10 05/10] mm: zero reserved and unavailable struct pages
On Thu 05-10-17 17:11:19, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> Some memory is reserved but unavailable: not present in memblock.memory
> (because not backed by physical pages), but present in memblock.reserved.
> Such memory has backing struct pages, but they are not initialized by going
> through __init_single_page().
>
> In some cases these struct pages are accessed even if they do not contain
> any data. One example is page_to_pfn() might access page->flags if this is
> where section information is stored (CONFIG_SPARSEMEM,
> SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS).
>
> One example of such memory: trim_low_memory_range() unconditionally
> reserves from pfn 0, but e820__memblock_setup() might provide the exiting
> memory from pfn 1 (i.e. KVM).
>
> Since, struct pages are zeroed in __init_single_page(), and not during
> allocation time, we must zero such struct pages explicitly.
>
> The patch involves adding a new memblock iterator:
> for_each_resv_unavail_range(i, p_start, p_end)
>
> Which iterates through reserved && !memory lists, and we zero struct pages
> explicitly by calling mm_zero_struct_page().

As I've said in other reply this should go in only if the scenario you
describe is real. I am somehow suspicious to be honest. I simply do not
see how those weird struct pages would be in a valid pfn range of any
zone.

> Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
> Reviewed-by: Steven Sistare <steven.sistare@oracle.com>
> Reviewed-by: Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com>
> Reviewed-by: Bob Picco <bob.picco@oracle.com>
> ---
> include/linux/memblock.h | 16 ++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/mm.h | 15 +++++++++++++++
> mm/page_alloc.c | 38 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 69 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/memblock.h b/include/linux/memblock.h
> index bae11c7e7bf3..ce8bfa5f3e9b 100644
> --- a/include/linux/memblock.h
> +++ b/include/linux/memblock.h
> @@ -237,6 +237,22 @@ unsigned long memblock_next_valid_pfn(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long max_pfn);
> for_each_mem_range_rev(i, &memblock.memory, &memblock.reserved, \
> nid, flags, p_start, p_end, p_nid)
>
> +/**
> + * for_each_resv_unavail_range - iterate through reserved and unavailable memory
> + * @i: u64 used as loop variable
> + * @flags: pick from blocks based on memory attributes
> + * @p_start: ptr to phys_addr_t for start address of the range, can be %NULL
> + * @p_end: ptr to phys_addr_t for end address of the range, can be %NULL
> + *
> + * Walks over unavailable but reserved (reserved && !memory) areas of memblock.
> + * Available as soon as memblock is initialized.
> + * Note: because this memory does not belong to any physical node, flags and
> + * nid arguments do not make sense and thus not exported as arguments.
> + */
> +#define for_each_resv_unavail_range(i, p_start, p_end) \
> + for_each_mem_range(i, &memblock.reserved, &memblock.memory, \
> + NUMA_NO_NODE, MEMBLOCK_NONE, p_start, p_end, NULL)
> +
> static inline void memblock_set_region_flags(struct memblock_region *r,
> unsigned long flags)
> {
> diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
> index 065d99deb847..04c8b2e5aff4 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mm.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mm.h
> @@ -94,6 +94,15 @@ extern int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly;
> #define mm_forbids_zeropage(X) (0)
> #endif
>
> +/*
> + * On some architectures it is expensive to call memset() for small sizes.
> + * Those architectures should provide their own implementation of "struct page"
> + * zeroing by defining this macro in <asm/pgtable.h>.
> + */
> +#ifndef mm_zero_struct_page
> +#define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) ((void)memset((pp), 0, sizeof(struct page)))
> +#endif
> +
> /*
> * Default maximum number of active map areas, this limits the number of vmas
> * per mm struct. Users can overwrite this number by sysctl but there is a
> @@ -2001,6 +2010,12 @@ extern int __meminit __early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn,
> struct mminit_pfnnid_cache *state);
> #endif
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK
> +void zero_resv_unavail(void);
> +#else
> +static inline void zero_resv_unavail(void) {}
> +#endif
> +
> extern void set_dma_reserve(unsigned long new_dma_reserve);
> extern void memmap_init_zone(unsigned long, int, unsigned long,
> unsigned long, enum memmap_context);
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index 20b0bace2235..5f0013bbbe9d 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -6209,6 +6209,42 @@ void __paginginit free_area_init_node(int nid, unsigned long *zones_size,
> free_area_init_core(pgdat);
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK
> +/*
> + * Only struct pages that are backed by physical memory are zeroed and
> + * initialized by going through __init_single_page(). But, there are some
> + * struct pages which are reserved in memblock allocator and their fields
> + * may be accessed (for example page_to_pfn() on some configuration accesses
> + * flags). We must explicitly zero those struct pages.
> + */
> +void __paginginit zero_resv_unavail(void)
> +{
> + phys_addr_t start, end;
> + unsigned long pfn;
> + u64 i, pgcnt;
> +
> + /* Loop through ranges that are reserved, but do not have reported
> + * physical memory backing.
> + */
> + pgcnt = 0;
> + for_each_resv_unavail_range(i, &start, &end) {
> + for (pfn = PFN_DOWN(start); pfn < PFN_UP(end); pfn++) {
> + mm_zero_struct_page(pfn_to_page(pfn));
> + pgcnt++;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Struct pages that do not have backing memory. This could be because
> + * firmware is using some of this memory, or for some other reasons.
> + * Once memblock is changed so such behaviour is not allowed: i.e.
> + * list of "reserved" memory must be a subset of list of "memory", then
> + * this code can be removed.
> + */
> + pr_info("Reserved but unavailable: %lld pages", pgcnt);
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK */
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP
>
> #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1
> @@ -6632,6 +6668,7 @@ void __init free_area_init_nodes(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn)
> node_set_state(nid, N_MEMORY);
> check_for_memory(pgdat, nid);
> }
> + zero_resv_unavail();
> }
>
> static int __init cmdline_parse_core(char *p, unsigned long *core)
> @@ -6795,6 +6832,7 @@ void __init free_area_init(unsigned long *zones_size)
> {
> free_area_init_node(0, zones_size,
> __pa(PAGE_OFFSET) >> PAGE_SHIFT, NULL);
> + zero_resv_unavail();
> }
>
> static int page_alloc_cpu_dead(unsigned int cpu)
> --
> 2.14.2

--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-10-06 14:31    [W:0.123 / U:0.176 seconds]
©2003-2017 Jasper Spaans. hosted at Digital OceanAdvertise on this site