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Subject[PATCH v2] ACPI / LPIT: Add Low Power Idle Table (LPIT) support
Date
Added functionality to read LPIT table, which provides:

- Sysfs interface to read residency counters via
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuidle/low_power_idle_cpu_residency_us
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuidle/low_power_idle_system_residency_us

Here the count "low_power_idle_cpu_residency_us" shows the time spent
by CPU package in low power state. This is read via MSR interface, which
points to MSR for PKG C10.

Here the count "low_power_idle_system_residency_us" show the count the
system was in low power state. This is read via MMIO interface. This
is mapped to SLP_S0 residency on modern Intel systems. This residency
is achieved only when CPU is in PKG C10 and all functional blocks are
in low power state.

It is possible that none of the above counters present or anyone of the
counter present or all counters present.

For example: On my Kabylake system both of the above counters present.
After suspend to idle these counts updated and prints:
6916179
6998564

This counter can be read by tools like turbostat to display. Or it can
be used to debug, if modern systems are reaching desired low power state.

- Provides an interface to read residency counter memory address
This address can be used to get the base address of PMC memory mapped IO.
This is utilized by intel_pmc_core driver to print more debug information.

Link: http://www.uefi.org/sites/default/files/resources/Intel_ACPI_Low_Power_S0_Idle.pdf
Signed-off-by: Srinivas Pandruvada <srinivas.pandruvada@linux.intel.com>
---
v2
- Dropped include file acpi_lpit.h
- although bit_width currently is 32, but for future proof using different mmio read* calls
based on the bit_width.

Documentation/acpi/lpit.txt | 26 +++++++
drivers/acpi/Kconfig | 5 ++
drivers/acpi/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/acpi/acpi_lpit.c | 173 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/acpi/internal.h | 6 ++
drivers/acpi/scan.c | 1 +
include/linux/acpi.h | 9 +++
7 files changed, 221 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/acpi/lpit.txt
create mode 100644 drivers/acpi/acpi_lpit.c

diff --git a/Documentation/acpi/lpit.txt b/Documentation/acpi/lpit.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6be68c0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/acpi/lpit.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+To enumerate platform Low Power Idle states, Intel platforms are using
+“Low Power Idle Table” (LPIT). More details about this table can be
+downloaded from:
+http://www.uefi.org/sites/default/files/resources/Intel_ACPI_Low_Power_S0_Idle.pdf
+
+Residencies for each low power state can be read via FFH
+(Function fixed hardware) or a memory mapped interface.
+
+On platforms supporting S0ix sleep states, there can be two types of
+residencies:
+- CPU PKG C10 (Read via FFH interface)
+- Platform Controller Hub (PCH) SLP_S0 (Read via memory mapped interface)
+
+The following attributes are added dynamically to the cpuidle
+sysfs attribute group:
+ /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuidle/low_power_idle_cpu_residency_us
+ /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuidle/low_power_idle_system_residency_us
+
+The "low_power_idle_cpu_residency_us" attribute shows time spent
+by the CPU package in PKG C10
+
+The "low_power_idle_system_residency_us" attribute shows SLP_S0
+residency, or system time spent with the SLP_S0# signal asserted.
+This is the lowest possible system power state, achieved only when CPU is in
+PKG C10 and all functional blocks in PCH are in a low power state.
+
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/Kconfig b/drivers/acpi/Kconfig
index 1ce52f8..4bfef0f 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/acpi/Kconfig
@@ -80,6 +80,11 @@ endif
config ACPI_SPCR_TABLE
bool

+config ACPI_LPIT
+ bool
+ depends on X86_64
+ default y
+
config ACPI_SLEEP
bool
depends on SUSPEND || HIBERNATION
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/Makefile b/drivers/acpi/Makefile
index 90265ab..6a19bd7 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/acpi/Makefile
@@ -56,6 +56,7 @@ acpi-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_FS) += debugfs.o
acpi-$(CONFIG_ACPI_NUMA) += numa.o
acpi-$(CONFIG_ACPI_PROCFS_POWER) += cm_sbs.o
acpi-y += acpi_lpat.o
+acpi-$(CONFIG_ACPI_LPIT) += acpi_lpit.o
acpi-$(CONFIG_ACPI_GENERIC_GSI) += irq.o
acpi-$(CONFIG_ACPI_WATCHDOG) += acpi_watchdog.o

diff --git a/drivers/acpi/acpi_lpit.c b/drivers/acpi/acpi_lpit.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..08408ec
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/acpi/acpi_lpit.c
@@ -0,0 +1,173 @@
+
+/*
+ * acpi_lpit.c - LPIT table processing functions
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/acpi.h>
+#include <asm/msr.h>
+#include <asm/tsc.h>
+
+struct lpit_residency_info {
+ struct acpi_generic_address gaddr;
+ u64 frequency;
+ void __iomem *iomem_addr;
+};
+
+/* Storage for an memory mapped and FFH based entries */
+static struct lpit_residency_info residency_info_mem;
+static struct lpit_residency_info residency_info_ffh;
+
+static int lpit_read_residency_counter_us(u64 *counter, bool io_mem)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ if (io_mem) {
+ u64 count;
+
+ switch (residency_info_mem.gaddr.bit_width) {
+ case 8:
+ count = readb(residency_info_mem.iomem_addr);
+ break;
+ case 16:
+ count = readw(residency_info_mem.iomem_addr);
+ break;
+ case 32:
+ count = readl(residency_info_mem.iomem_addr);
+ break;
+ case 64:
+ count = readq(residency_info_mem.iomem_addr);
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ *counter = div64_u64(count * 1000000ULL, residency_info_mem.frequency);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ err = rdmsrl_safe(residency_info_ffh.gaddr.address, counter);
+ if (!err) {
+ u64 mask = GENMASK_ULL(residency_info_ffh.gaddr.bit_offset +
+ residency_info_ffh.gaddr. bit_width - 1,
+ residency_info_ffh.gaddr.bit_offset);
+
+ *counter &= mask;
+ *counter >>= residency_info_ffh.gaddr.bit_offset;
+ *counter = div64_u64(*counter * 1000000ULL, residency_info_ffh.frequency);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return -ENODATA;
+}
+
+static ssize_t low_power_idle_system_residency_us_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ u64 counter;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = lpit_read_residency_counter_us(&counter, true);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", counter);
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(low_power_idle_system_residency_us);
+
+static ssize_t low_power_idle_cpu_residency_us_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ u64 counter;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = lpit_read_residency_counter_us(&counter, false);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", counter);
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(low_power_idle_cpu_residency_us);
+
+int lpit_read_residency_count_address(u64 *address)
+{
+ if (!residency_info_mem.gaddr.address)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ *address = residency_info_mem.gaddr.address;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void lpit_update_residency(struct lpit_residency_info *info,
+ struct acpi_lpit_native *lpit_native)
+{
+ info->frequency = lpit_native->counter_frequency ?
+ lpit_native->counter_frequency : tsc_khz * 1000;
+ if (!info->frequency)
+ info->frequency = 1;
+
+ info->gaddr = lpit_native->residency_counter;
+ if (info->gaddr.space_id == ACPI_ADR_SPACE_SYSTEM_MEMORY) {
+ info->iomem_addr = ioremap_nocache(info->gaddr.address,
+ info->gaddr.bit_width / 8);
+ if (!info->iomem_addr)
+ return;
+
+ /* Silently fail, if cpuidle attribute group is not present */
+ sysfs_add_file_to_group(&cpu_subsys.dev_root->kobj,
+ &dev_attr_low_power_idle_system_residency_us.attr,
+ "cpuidle");
+ } else if (info->gaddr.space_id == ACPI_ADR_SPACE_FIXED_HARDWARE) {
+ /* Silently fail, if cpuidle attribute group is not present */
+ sysfs_add_file_to_group(&cpu_subsys.dev_root->kobj,
+ &dev_attr_low_power_idle_cpu_residency_us.attr,
+ "cpuidle");
+ }
+}
+
+static void lpit_process(u64 begin, u64 end)
+{
+ while (begin + sizeof(struct acpi_lpit_native) < end) {
+ struct acpi_lpit_native *lpit_native = (struct acpi_lpit_native *)begin;
+
+ if (!lpit_native->header.type && !lpit_native->header.flags) {
+ if (lpit_native->residency_counter.space_id == ACPI_ADR_SPACE_SYSTEM_MEMORY &&
+ !residency_info_mem.gaddr.address) {
+ lpit_update_residency(&residency_info_mem, lpit_native);
+ } else if (lpit_native->residency_counter.space_id == ACPI_ADR_SPACE_FIXED_HARDWARE &&
+ !residency_info_ffh.gaddr.address) {
+ lpit_update_residency(&residency_info_ffh, lpit_native);
+ }
+ }
+ begin += lpit_native->header.length;
+ }
+}
+
+void acpi_init_lpit(void)
+{
+ acpi_status status;
+ u64 lpit_begin;
+ struct acpi_table_lpit *lpit;
+
+ status = acpi_get_table(ACPI_SIG_LPIT, 0, (struct acpi_table_header **)&lpit);
+
+ if (ACPI_FAILURE(status))
+ return;
+
+ lpit_begin = (u64)lpit + sizeof(*lpit);
+ lpit_process(lpit_begin, lpit_begin + lpit->header.length);
+}
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/internal.h b/drivers/acpi/internal.h
index 4361c44..fc8c43e 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/internal.h
+++ b/drivers/acpi/internal.h
@@ -248,4 +248,10 @@ void acpi_watchdog_init(void);
static inline void acpi_watchdog_init(void) {}
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_LPIT
+void acpi_init_lpit(void);
+#else
+static inline void acpi_init_lpit(void) { }
+#endif
+
#endif /* _ACPI_INTERNAL_H_ */
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/scan.c b/drivers/acpi/scan.c
index 602f8ff..81367ed 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/scan.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/scan.c
@@ -2122,6 +2122,7 @@ int __init acpi_scan_init(void)
acpi_int340x_thermal_init();
acpi_amba_init();
acpi_watchdog_init();
+ acpi_init_lpit();

acpi_scan_add_handler(&generic_device_handler);

diff --git a/include/linux/acpi.h b/include/linux/acpi.h
index 502af53..df6f923 100644
--- a/include/linux/acpi.h
+++ b/include/linux/acpi.h
@@ -1254,4 +1254,13 @@ int acpi_irq_get(acpi_handle handle, unsigned int index, struct resource *res)
}
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_LPIT
+int lpit_read_residency_count_address(u64 *address);
+#else
+static inline int lpit_read_residency_count_address(u64 *address)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+#endif
+
#endif /*_LINUX_ACPI_H*/
--
2.7.5
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