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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/2] kprobes: improve error handling when arming/disarming kprobes
On Wed, 4 Oct 2017 15:44:13 -0400
Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> wrote:

> Masami,
>
> Can you review these patches?

Yes, of course :)

>
> -- Steve
>
>
> On Wed, 4 Oct 2017 21:14:12 +0200
> Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> > Hi,
> >
> > This patchset attempts to improve error handling when arming or disarming
> > ftrace-based kprobes. The current behavior is to simply WARN when ftrace
> > (un-)registration fails, without propagating the error code. This can lead
> > to confusing situations where, for example, register_kprobe()/enable_kprobe()
> > would return 0 indicating success even if arming via ftrace had failed. In
> > this scenario we'd end up with a non-functioning kprobe even though kprobe
> > registration (or enablement) returned success. In this patchset, we take
> > errors from ftrace into account and propagate the error when we cannot arm
> > or disarm a kprobe.
> >
> > Below is an example that illustrates the problem using livepatch and
> > systemtap (which uses kprobes underneath). Both livepatch and kprobes use
> > ftrace ops with the IPMODIFY flag set, so registration at the same
> > function entry is limited to only one ftrace user.
> >
> > Before
> > ------
> > # modprobe livepatch-sample # patches cmdline_proc_show, ftrace ops has IPMODIFY set
> > # stap -e 'probe kernel.function("cmdline_proc_show").call { printf ("cmdline_proc_show\n"); }'
> >
> > .. (nothing prints after reading /proc/cmdline) ..
> >
> > The systemtap handler doesn't execute due to a kprobe arming failure caused
> > by a ftrace IPMODIFY conflict with livepatch, and there isn't an obvious
> > indication of error from systemtap (because register_kprobe() returned
> > success) unless the user inspects dmesg.

Ah, right. It should be handled.

> >
> > After
> > -----
> > # modprobe livepatch-sample
> > # stap -e 'probe kernel.function("cmdline_proc_show").call { printf ("cmdline_proc_show\n"); }'
> > WARNING: probe kernel.function("cmdline_proc_show@/home/jeyu/work/linux-next/fs/proc/cmdline.c:6").call (address 0xffffffffa82fe910) registration error (rc -16)
> >
> > Although the systemtap handler doesn't execute (as it shouldn't), the
> > ftrace error is propagated and now systemtap prints a visible error message
> > stating that (kprobe) registration had failed (because register_kprobe()
> > returned an error), along with the propagated error code.

Would you have any test-case for this livepatch-kprobes combination?

Thank you,

> >
> > This patchset was based on Petr Mladek's original patchset (patches 2 and 3)
> > back in 2015, which improved kprobes error handling, found here:
> >
> > https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/2/26/452
> >
> > However, further work on this had been paused since then and the patches
> > were not upstreamed.
> >
> > This patchset has been lightly sanity-tested (on linux-next) with kprobes,
> > kretprobes, jprobes, and optimized kprobes. It passes the kprobes smoke
> > test, but more testing is greatly appreciated.
> >
> > Thanks,
> >
> > Jessica
> >
> > ---
> > Jessica Yu (2):
> > kprobes: propagate error from arm_kprobe_ftrace()
> > kprobes: propagate error from disarm_kprobe_ftrace()
> >
> > kernel/kprobes.c | 163 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
> > 1 file changed, 112 insertions(+), 51 deletions(-)
> >
>


--
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

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