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Subject[PATCH v9 09/29] x86/mpx, x86/insn: Relocate insn util functions to a new insn-eval file
Date
Other kernel submodules can benefit from using the utility functions
defined in mpx.c to obtain the addresses and values of operands contained
in the general purpose registers. An instance of this is the emulation code
used for instructions protected by the Intel User-Mode Instruction
Prevention feature.

Thus, these functions are relocated to a new insn-eval.c file. The reason
to not relocate these utilities into insn.c is that the latter solely
analyses instructions given by a struct insn without any knowledge of the
meaning of the values of instruction operands. This new utility insn-
eval.c aims to be used to resolve userspace linear addresses based on
the contents of the instruction operands as well as the contents of pt_regs
structure.

These utilities come with a separate header. This is to avoid taking insn.c
out of sync from the instructions decoders under tools/obj and tools/perf.
This also avoids adding cumbersome #ifdef's for the #include'd files
required to decode instructions in a kernel context.

Functions are simply relocated. There are not functional or indentation
changes.

Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Adam Buchbinder <adam.buchbinder@gmail.com>
Cc: Colin Ian King <colin.king@canonical.com>
Cc: Lorenzo Stoakes <lstoakes@gmail.com>
Cc: Qiaowei Ren <qiaowei.ren@intel.com>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Ravi V. Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@intel.com>
Cc: x86@kernel.org
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri-calderon@linux.intel.com>
---
The checkpatch script issues the following warning with this
commit:

WARNING: Avoid crashing the kernel - try using WARN_ON & recovery code
rather than BUG() or BUG_ON()
+ BUG();

This warning will be fixed in a subsequent patch.
---
arch/x86/include/asm/insn-eval.h | 16 ++++
arch/x86/lib/Makefile | 2 +-
arch/x86/lib/insn-eval.c | 163 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/mm/mpx.c | 156 +------------------------------------
4 files changed, 182 insertions(+), 155 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/insn-eval.h
create mode 100644 arch/x86/lib/insn-eval.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/insn-eval.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/insn-eval.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5cab1b1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/insn-eval.h
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_INSN_EVAL_H
+#define _ASM_X86_INSN_EVAL_H
+/*
+ * A collection of utility functions for x86 instruction analysis to be
+ * used in a kernel context. Useful when, for instance, making sense
+ * of the registers indicated by operands.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+
+void __user *insn_get_addr_ref(struct insn *insn, struct pt_regs *regs);
+
+#endif /* _ASM_X86_INSN_EVAL_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/Makefile b/arch/x86/lib/Makefile
index 34a7413..675d7b0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/Makefile
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@ lib-y := delay.o misc.o cmdline.o cpu.o
lib-y += usercopy_$(BITS).o usercopy.o getuser.o putuser.o
lib-y += memcpy_$(BITS).o
lib-$(CONFIG_RWSEM_XCHGADD_ALGORITHM) += rwsem.o
-lib-$(CONFIG_INSTRUCTION_DECODER) += insn.o inat.o
+lib-$(CONFIG_INSTRUCTION_DECODER) += insn.o inat.o insn-eval.o
lib-$(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE) += kaslr.o

obj-y += msr.o msr-reg.o msr-reg-export.o hweight.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/insn-eval.c b/arch/x86/lib/insn-eval.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..df9418c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/insn-eval.c
@@ -0,0 +1,163 @@
+/*
+ * Utility functions for x86 operand and address decoding
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) Intel Corporation 2017
+ */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <asm/inat.h>
+#include <asm/insn.h>
+#include <asm/insn-eval.h>
+
+enum reg_type {
+ REG_TYPE_RM = 0,
+ REG_TYPE_INDEX,
+ REG_TYPE_BASE,
+};
+
+static int get_reg_offset(struct insn *insn, struct pt_regs *regs,
+ enum reg_type type)
+{
+ int regno = 0;
+
+ static const int regoff[] = {
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, ax),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, cx),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, dx),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, bx),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, sp),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, bp),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, si),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, di),
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r8),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r9),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r10),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r11),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r12),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r13),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r14),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r15),
+#endif
+ };
+ int nr_registers = ARRAY_SIZE(regoff);
+ /*
+ * Don't possibly decode a 32-bit instructions as
+ * reading a 64-bit-only register.
+ */
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64) && !insn->x86_64)
+ nr_registers -= 8;
+
+ switch (type) {
+ case REG_TYPE_RM:
+ regno = X86_MODRM_RM(insn->modrm.value);
+ if (X86_REX_B(insn->rex_prefix.value))
+ regno += 8;
+ break;
+
+ case REG_TYPE_INDEX:
+ regno = X86_SIB_INDEX(insn->sib.value);
+ if (X86_REX_X(insn->rex_prefix.value))
+ regno += 8;
+
+ /*
+ * If ModRM.mod != 3 and SIB.index = 4 the scale*index
+ * portion of the address computation is null. This is
+ * true only if REX.X is 0. In such a case, the SIB index
+ * is used in the address computation.
+ */
+ if (X86_MODRM_MOD(insn->modrm.value) != 3 && regno == 4)
+ return -EDOM;
+ break;
+
+ case REG_TYPE_BASE:
+ regno = X86_SIB_BASE(insn->sib.value);
+ /*
+ * If ModRM.mod is 0 and SIB.base == 5, the base of the
+ * register-indirect addressing is 0. In this case, a
+ * 32-bit displacement follows the SIB byte.
+ */
+ if (!X86_MODRM_MOD(insn->modrm.value) && regno == 5)
+ return -EDOM;
+
+ if (X86_REX_B(insn->rex_prefix.value))
+ regno += 8;
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ pr_err("invalid register type");
+ BUG();
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (regno >= nr_registers) {
+ WARN_ONCE(1, "decoded an instruction with an invalid register");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ return regoff[regno];
+}
+
+/*
+ * return the address being referenced be instruction
+ * for rm=3 returning the content of the rm reg
+ * for rm!=3 calculates the address using SIB and Disp
+ */
+void __user *insn_get_addr_ref(struct insn *insn, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ int addr_offset, base_offset, indx_offset;
+ unsigned long linear_addr = -1L;
+ long eff_addr, base, indx;
+ insn_byte_t sib;
+
+ insn_get_modrm(insn);
+ insn_get_sib(insn);
+ sib = insn->sib.value;
+
+ if (X86_MODRM_MOD(insn->modrm.value) == 3) {
+ addr_offset = get_reg_offset(insn, regs, REG_TYPE_RM);
+ if (addr_offset < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ eff_addr = regs_get_register(regs, addr_offset);
+ } else {
+ if (insn->sib.nbytes) {
+ /*
+ * Negative values in the base and index offset means
+ * an error when decoding the SIB byte. Except -EDOM,
+ * which means that the registers should not be used
+ * in the address computation.
+ */
+ base_offset = get_reg_offset(insn, regs, REG_TYPE_BASE);
+ if (base_offset == -EDOM)
+ base = 0;
+ else if (base_offset < 0)
+ goto out;
+ else
+ base = regs_get_register(regs, base_offset);
+
+ indx_offset = get_reg_offset(insn, regs, REG_TYPE_INDEX);
+
+ if (indx_offset == -EDOM)
+ indx = 0;
+ else if (indx_offset < 0)
+ goto out;
+ else
+ indx = regs_get_register(regs, indx_offset);
+
+ eff_addr = base + indx * (1 << X86_SIB_SCALE(sib));
+ } else {
+ addr_offset = get_reg_offset(insn, regs, REG_TYPE_RM);
+ if (addr_offset < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ eff_addr = regs_get_register(regs, addr_offset);
+ }
+
+ eff_addr += insn->displacement.value;
+ }
+
+ linear_addr = (unsigned long)eff_addr;
+
+out:
+ return (void __user *)linear_addr;
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c b/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c
index 581a960..2878205 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <linux/sched/sysctl.h>

#include <asm/insn.h>
+#include <asm/insn-eval.h>
#include <asm/mman.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/mpx.h>
@@ -60,159 +61,6 @@ static unsigned long mpx_mmap(unsigned long len)
return addr;
}

-enum reg_type {
- REG_TYPE_RM = 0,
- REG_TYPE_INDEX,
- REG_TYPE_BASE,
-};
-
-static int get_reg_offset(struct insn *insn, struct pt_regs *regs,
- enum reg_type type)
-{
- int regno = 0;
-
- static const int regoff[] = {
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, ax),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, cx),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, dx),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, bx),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, sp),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, bp),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, si),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, di),
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, r8),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, r9),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, r10),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, r11),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, r12),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, r13),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, r14),
- offsetof(struct pt_regs, r15),
-#endif
- };
- int nr_registers = ARRAY_SIZE(regoff);
- /*
- * Don't possibly decode a 32-bit instructions as
- * reading a 64-bit-only register.
- */
- if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64) && !insn->x86_64)
- nr_registers -= 8;
-
- switch (type) {
- case REG_TYPE_RM:
- regno = X86_MODRM_RM(insn->modrm.value);
- if (X86_REX_B(insn->rex_prefix.value))
- regno += 8;
- break;
-
- case REG_TYPE_INDEX:
- regno = X86_SIB_INDEX(insn->sib.value);
- if (X86_REX_X(insn->rex_prefix.value))
- regno += 8;
-
- /*
- * If ModRM.mod != 3 and SIB.index = 4 the scale*index
- * portion of the address computation is null. This is
- * true only if REX.X is 0. In such a case, the SIB index
- * is used in the address computation.
- */
- if (X86_MODRM_MOD(insn->modrm.value) != 3 && regno == 4)
- return -EDOM;
- break;
-
- case REG_TYPE_BASE:
- regno = X86_SIB_BASE(insn->sib.value);
- /*
- * If ModRM.mod is 0 and SIB.base == 5, the base of the
- * register-indirect addressing is 0. In this case, a
- * 32-bit displacement follows the SIB byte.
- */
- if (!X86_MODRM_MOD(insn->modrm.value) && regno == 5)
- return -EDOM;
-
- if (X86_REX_B(insn->rex_prefix.value))
- regno += 8;
- break;
-
- default:
- pr_err("invalid register type");
- BUG();
- break;
- }
-
- if (regno >= nr_registers) {
- WARN_ONCE(1, "decoded an instruction with an invalid register");
- return -EINVAL;
- }
- return regoff[regno];
-}
-
-/*
- * return the address being referenced be instruction
- * for rm=3 returning the content of the rm reg
- * for rm!=3 calculates the address using SIB and Disp
- */
-static void __user *mpx_get_addr_ref(struct insn *insn, struct pt_regs *regs)
-{
- int addr_offset, base_offset, indx_offset;
- unsigned long linear_addr = -1L;
- long eff_addr, base, indx;
- insn_byte_t sib;
-
- insn_get_modrm(insn);
- insn_get_sib(insn);
- sib = insn->sib.value;
-
- if (X86_MODRM_MOD(insn->modrm.value) == 3) {
- addr_offset = get_reg_offset(insn, regs, REG_TYPE_RM);
- if (addr_offset < 0)
- goto out;
-
- eff_addr = regs_get_register(regs, addr_offset);
- } else {
- if (insn->sib.nbytes) {
- /*
- * Negative values in the base and index offset means
- * an error when decoding the SIB byte. Except -EDOM,
- * which means that the registers should not be used
- * in the address computation.
- */
- base_offset = get_reg_offset(insn, regs, REG_TYPE_BASE);
- if (base_offset == -EDOM)
- base = 0;
- else if (base_offset < 0)
- goto out;
- else
- base = regs_get_register(regs, base_offset);
-
- indx_offset = get_reg_offset(insn, regs, REG_TYPE_INDEX);
-
- if (indx_offset == -EDOM)
- indx = 0;
- else if (indx_offset < 0)
- goto out;
- else
- indx = regs_get_register(regs, indx_offset);
-
- eff_addr = base + indx * (1 << X86_SIB_SCALE(sib));
- } else {
- addr_offset = get_reg_offset(insn, regs, REG_TYPE_RM);
- if (addr_offset < 0)
- goto out;
-
- eff_addr = regs_get_register(regs, addr_offset);
- }
-
- eff_addr += insn->displacement.value;
- }
-
- linear_addr = (unsigned long)eff_addr;
-
-out:
- return (void __user *)linear_addr;
-}
-
static int mpx_insn_decode(struct insn *insn,
struct pt_regs *regs)
{
@@ -325,7 +173,7 @@ siginfo_t *mpx_generate_siginfo(struct pt_regs *regs)
info->si_signo = SIGSEGV;
info->si_errno = 0;
info->si_code = SEGV_BNDERR;
- info->si_addr = mpx_get_addr_ref(&insn, regs);
+ info->si_addr = insn_get_addr_ref(&insn, regs);
/*
* We were not able to extract an address from the instruction,
* probably because there was something invalid in it.
--
2.7.4
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