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SubjectRe: [RFC 2/5] fs: freeze on suspend and thaw on resume
On Tue, Oct 03, 2017 at 11:53:10AM -0700, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> This uses the existing filesystem freeze and thaw callbacks to
> freeze each filesystem on suspend/hibernation and thaw upon resume.
>
> This is needed so that we properly really stop IO in flight without
> races after userspace has been frozen. Without this we rely on
> kthread freezing and its semantics are loose and error prone.
> For instance, even though a kthread may use try_to_freeze() and end
> up being frozen we have no way of being sure that everything that
> has been spawned asynchronously from it (such as timers) have also
> been stopped as well.
>
> A long term advantage of also adding filesystem freeze / thawing
> supporting durign suspend / hibernation is that long term we may
> be able to eventually drop the kernel's thread freezing completely
> as it was originally added to stop disk IO in flight as we hibernate
> or suspend.
>
> This also implies that many kthread users exist which have been
> adding freezer semantics onto its kthreads without need. These also
> will need to be reviewed later.
>
> This is based on prior work originally by Rafael Wysocki and later by
> Jiri Kosina.
>
> Signed-off-by: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@kernel.org>
> ---
> fs/super.c | 79 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/fs.h | 13 +++++++++
> kernel/power/process.c | 14 ++++++++-
> 3 files changed, 105 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/fs/super.c b/fs/super.c
> index d45e92d9a38f..ce8da8b187b1 100644
> --- a/fs/super.c
> +++ b/fs/super.c
> @@ -1572,3 +1572,82 @@ int thaw_super(struct super_block *sb)
> return 0;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(thaw_super);
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
> +static bool super_allows_freeze(struct super_block *sb)
> +{
> + return !!(sb->s_type->fs_flags & FS_FREEZE_ON_SUSPEND);
> +}

That's a completely misleading function name. All superblocks can be
frozen - freeze_super() is filesystem independent. And given that, I
don't see why these super_should_freeze() hoops need to be jumped
through...

> +
> +static bool super_should_freeze(struct super_block *sb)
> +{
> + if (!sb->s_root)
> + return false;
> + if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_BORN))
> + return false;
> + /*
> + * We don't freeze virtual filesystems, we skip those filesystems with
> + * no backing device.
> + */
> + if (sb->s_bdi == &noop_backing_dev_info)
> + return false;
> + /* No need to freeze read-only filesystems */
> + if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
> + return false;
> + if (!super_allows_freeze(sb))
> + return false;
> +
> + return true;
> +}

> +
> +int fs_suspend_freeze_sb(struct super_block *sb, void *priv)
> +{
> + int error = 0;
> +
> + spin_lock(&sb_lock);
> + if (!super_should_freeze(sb))
> + goto out;
> +
> + up_read(&sb->s_umount);
> + pr_info("%s (%s): freezing\n", sb->s_type->name, sb->s_id);
> + error = freeze_super(sb);
> + down_read(&sb->s_umount);
> +out:
> + if (error && error != -EBUSY)
> + pr_notice("%s (%s): Unable to freeze, error=%d",
> + sb->s_type->name, sb->s_id, error);
> + spin_unlock(&sb_lock);
> + return error;
> +}

I don't think this was ever tested. Calling freeze_super() with a
spinlock held with through "sleeping in atomic" errors all over the
place.

Also, the s_umount lock juggling is nasty. Your new copy+pasted
iterate_supers_reverse() takes the lock in read mode, yet all the
freeze/thaw callers here want to take it in write mode. So, really,
iterate_supers_reverse() needs to be iterate_supers_reverse_excl()
and take the write lock, and freeze_super/thaw_super need to be
factored into locked and unlocked versions.

In which case, we end up with:

int fs_suspend_freeze_sb(struct super_block *sb, void *priv)
{
return freeze_locked_super(sb);
}

int fs_suspend_thaw_sb(struct super_block *sb, void *priv)
{
return thaw_locked_super(sb);
}

Cheers,

Dave.
--
Dave Chinner
david@fromorbit.com

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