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SubjectRe: [Update][PATCH v2 01/12] PM / core: Add NEVER_SKIP and SMART_PREPARE driver flags
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On Monday, October 23, 2017 6:37:41 PM CEST Ulf Hansson wrote:
> On 19 October 2017 at 01:17, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> > From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> >
> > The motivation for this change is to provide a way to work around
> > a problem with the direct-complete mechanism used for avoiding
> > system suspend/resume handling for devices in runtime suspend.
> >
> > The problem is that some middle layer code (the PCI bus type and
> > the ACPI PM domain in particular) returns positive values from its
> > system suspend ->prepare callbacks regardless of whether the driver's
> > ->prepare returns a positive value or 0, which effectively prevents
> > drivers from being able to control the direct-complete feature.
> > Some drivers need that control, however, and the PCI bus type has
> > grown its own flag to deal with this issue, but since it is not
> > limited to PCI, it is better to address it by adding driver flags at
> > the core level.
> >
> > To that end, add a driver_flags field to struct dev_pm_info for flags
> > that can be set by device drivers at the probe time to inform the PM
> > core and/or bus types, PM domains and so on on the capabilities and/or
> > preferences of device drivers. Also add two static inline helpers
> > for setting that field and testing it against a given set of flags
> > and make the driver core clear it automatically on driver remove
> > and probe failures.
> >
> > Define and document two PM driver flags related to the direct-
> > complete feature: NEVER_SKIP and SMART_PREPARE that can be used,
> > respectively, to indicate to the PM core that the direct-complete
> > mechanism should never be used for the device and to inform the
> > middle layer code (bus types, PM domains etc) that it can only
> > request the PM core to use the direct-complete mechanism for
> > the device (by returning a positive value from its ->prepare
> > callback) if it also has been requested by the driver.
> >
> > While at it, make the core check pm_runtime_suspended() when
> > setting power.direct_complete so that it doesn't need to be
> > checked by ->prepare callbacks.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> > ---
> >
> > -> v2: Change the data type for driver_flags to u32 as suggested by Greg
> > and fix a couple of documentation typos pointed out by Lukas.
> >
> > ---
> > Documentation/driver-api/pm/devices.rst | 14 ++++++++++++++
> > Documentation/power/pci.txt | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
> > drivers/acpi/device_pm.c | 3 +++
> > drivers/base/dd.c | 2 ++
> > drivers/base/power/main.c | 4 +++-
> > drivers/pci/pci-driver.c | 5 ++++-
> > include/linux/device.h | 10 ++++++++++
> > include/linux/pm.h | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
> > 8 files changed, 75 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> >
> > Index: linux-pm/include/linux/device.h
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/include/linux/device.h
> > +++ linux-pm/include/linux/device.h
> > @@ -1070,6 +1070,16 @@ static inline void dev_pm_syscore_device
> > #endif
> > }
> >
> > +static inline void dev_pm_set_driver_flags(struct device *dev, u32 flags)
> > +{
> > + dev->power.driver_flags = flags;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline bool dev_pm_test_driver_flags(struct device *dev, u32 flags)
> > +{
> > + return !!(dev->power.driver_flags & flags);
> > +}
> > +
> > static inline void device_lock(struct device *dev)
> > {
> > mutex_lock(&dev->mutex);
> > Index: linux-pm/include/linux/pm.h
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/include/linux/pm.h
> > +++ linux-pm/include/linux/pm.h
> > @@ -550,6 +550,25 @@ struct pm_subsys_data {
> > #endif
> > };
> >
> > +/*
> > + * Driver flags to control system suspend/resume behavior.
> > + *
> > + * These flags can be set by device drivers at the probe time. They need not be
> > + * cleared by the drivers as the driver core will take care of that.
> > + *
> > + * NEVER_SKIP: Do not skip system suspend/resume callbacks for the device.
> > + * SMART_PREPARE: Check the return value of the driver's ->prepare callback.
> > + *
> > + * Setting SMART_PREPARE instructs bus types and PM domains which may want
> > + * system suspend/resume callbacks to be skipped for the device to return 0 from
> > + * their ->prepare callbacks if the driver's ->prepare callback returns 0 (in
> > + * other words, the system suspend/resume callbacks can only be skipped for the
> > + * device if its driver doesn't object against that). This flag has no effect
> > + * if NEVER_SKIP is set.
>
> In principle ACPI/PCI middle-layer/PM domain could have started out by
> respecting the return values from driver's ->prepare() callbacks in
> case those existed, but they didn't, and that is the reason to why the
> SMART_PREPARE is needed. Right?
>
> My point is, I don't think we should encourage other middle-layer to
> support the SMART_PREPARE flag, simply because they should be able to
> cope without it. To make this more obvious we could try to find a
> different name of the flag indicating that, or at least make it clear
> that we don't want it to be used by others than ACPI/PCI via
> documenting that.

I want it to be generic, though, so setting it should not be treated as a
mistake in any case (for example, because some drivers interact with the
ACPI PM domain and with some other middle layers).

If SMART_PREPARE simply overlaps with your defaul behavior, there's no need
to check the flag, but then it can be set really safely. :-)

> > + */
> > +#define DPM_FLAG_NEVER_SKIP BIT(0)
> > +#define DPM_FLAG_SMART_PREPARE BIT(1)
> > +
> > struct dev_pm_info {
> > pm_message_t power_state;
> > unsigned int can_wakeup:1;
> > @@ -561,6 +580,7 @@ struct dev_pm_info {
> > bool is_late_suspended:1;
> > bool early_init:1; /* Owned by the PM core */
> > bool direct_complete:1; /* Owned by the PM core */
> > + u32 driver_flags;
> > spinlock_t lock;
> > #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
> > struct list_head entry;
> > Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/dd.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/dd.c
> > +++ linux-pm/drivers/base/dd.c
> > @@ -464,6 +464,7 @@ pinctrl_bind_failed:
> > if (dev->pm_domain && dev->pm_domain->dismiss)
> > dev->pm_domain->dismiss(dev);
> > pm_runtime_reinit(dev);
> > + dev_pm_set_driver_flags(dev, 0);
> >
> > switch (ret) {
> > case -EPROBE_DEFER:
> > @@ -869,6 +870,7 @@ static void __device_release_driver(stru
> > if (dev->pm_domain && dev->pm_domain->dismiss)
> > dev->pm_domain->dismiss(dev);
> > pm_runtime_reinit(dev);
> > + dev_pm_set_driver_flags(dev, 0);
> >
> > klist_remove(&dev->p->knode_driver);
> > device_pm_check_callbacks(dev);
> > Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/power/main.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/power/main.c
> > +++ linux-pm/drivers/base/power/main.c
> > @@ -1700,7 +1700,9 @@ unlock:
> > * applies to suspend transitions, however.
> > */
> > spin_lock_irq(&dev->power.lock);
> > - dev->power.direct_complete = ret > 0 && state.event == PM_EVENT_SUSPEND;
> > + dev->power.direct_complete = state.event == PM_EVENT_SUSPEND &&
> > + pm_runtime_suspended(dev) && ret > 0 &&
> > + !dev_pm_test_driver_flags(dev, DPM_FLAG_NEVER_SKIP);
> > spin_unlock_irq(&dev->power.lock);
> > return 0;
> > }
> > Index: linux-pm/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
> > +++ linux-pm/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
> > @@ -682,8 +682,11 @@ static int pci_pm_prepare(struct device
> >
> > if (drv && drv->pm && drv->pm->prepare) {
> > int error = drv->pm->prepare(dev);
> > - if (error)
> > + if (error < 0)
> > return error;
> > +
> > + if (!error && dev_pm_test_driver_flags(dev, DPM_FLAG_SMART_PREPARE))
> > + return 0;
> > }
> > return pci_dev_keep_suspended(to_pci_dev(dev));
> > }
> > Index: linux-pm/drivers/acpi/device_pm.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/acpi/device_pm.c
> > +++ linux-pm/drivers/acpi/device_pm.c
> > @@ -965,6 +965,9 @@ int acpi_subsys_prepare(struct device *d
> > if (ret < 0)
> > return ret;
> >
> > + if (!ret && dev_pm_test_driver_flags(dev, DPM_FLAG_SMART_PREPARE))
> > + return 0;
>
> So if the driver don't implement the ->prepare() callback, you still
> want to treat this flag as it has one assigned and that it returns 0?
>
> It seems not entirely according to what you have documented about the flag.

You are right, I just should not use the _generic_prepare() thing there.

I'll send a fix patch for that.

> > +
> > if (!adev || !pm_runtime_suspended(dev))
> > return 0;
> >
> > Index: linux-pm/Documentation/driver-api/pm/devices.rst
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/Documentation/driver-api/pm/devices.rst
> > +++ linux-pm/Documentation/driver-api/pm/devices.rst
> > @@ -354,6 +354,20 @@ the phases are: ``prepare``, ``suspend``
> > is because all such devices are initially set to runtime-suspended with
> > runtime PM disabled.
> >
> > + This feature also can be controlled by device drivers by using the
> > + ``DPM_FLAG_NEVER_SKIP`` and ``DPM_FLAG_SMART_PREPARE`` driver power
> > + management flags. [Typically, they are set at the time the driver is
> > + probed against the device in question by passing them to the
> > + :c:func:`dev_pm_set_driver_flags` helper function.] If the first of
> > + these flags is set, the PM core will not apply the direct-complete
> > + procedure described above to the given device and, consequenty, to any
> > + of its ancestors. The second flag, when set, informs the middle layer
> > + code (bus types, device types, PM domains, classes) that it should take
> > + the return value of the ``->prepare`` callback provided by the driver
> > + into account and it may only return a positive value from its own
> > + ``->prepare`` callback if the driver's one also has returned a positive
> > + value.
> > +
> > 2. The ``->suspend`` methods should quiesce the device to stop it from
> > performing I/O. They also may save the device registers and put it into
> > the appropriate low-power state, depending on the bus type the device is
> > Index: linux-pm/Documentation/power/pci.txt
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/Documentation/power/pci.txt
> > +++ linux-pm/Documentation/power/pci.txt
> > @@ -961,6 +961,25 @@ dev_pm_ops to indicate that one suspend
> > .suspend(), .freeze(), and .poweroff() members and one resume routine is to
> > be pointed to by the .resume(), .thaw(), and .restore() members.
> >
> > +3.1.19. Driver Flags for Power Management
> > +
> > +The PM core allows device drivers to set flags that influence the handling of
> > +power management for the devices by the core itself and by middle layer code
> > +including the PCI bus type. The flags should be set once at the driver probe
> > +time with the help of the dev_pm_set_driver_flags() function and they should not
> > +be updated directly afterwards.
>
> I am wondering if we really need to make a statement generic to all
> "driver PM flags" that these flags must be set at ->probe(). Maybe
> that is better documented per flag, rather than for all. The reason
> why I bring it up, is that I would not be surprised if a new flag
> comes a long and which may be used a bit differently, not requiring
> that.
>
> Of course we can also update that later on, if needed.

Right.

Thanks,
Rafael

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