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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 04/15] [media] vb2: add in-fence support to QBUF
Hi,

On Thu, Sep 07, 2017 at 03:42:15PM -0300, Gustavo Padovan wrote:
>From: Gustavo Padovan <gustavo.padovan@collabora.com>
>
>Receive in-fence from userspace and add support for waiting on them
>before queueing the buffer to the driver. Buffers are only queued
>to the driver once they are ready. A buffer is ready when its
>in-fence signals.
>
>v4:
> - Add a comment about dma_fence_add_callback() not returning a
> error (Hans)
> - Call dma_fence_put(vb->in_fence) if fence signaled (Hans)
> - select SYNC_FILE under config VIDEOBUF2_CORE (Hans)
> - Move dma_fence_is_signaled() check to __enqueue_in_driver() (Hans)
> - Remove list_for_each_entry() in __vb2_core_qbuf() (Hans)
> - Remove if (vb->state != VB2_BUF_STATE_QUEUED) from
> vb2_start_streaming() (Hans)
> - set IN_FENCE flags on __fill_v4l2_buffer (Hans)
> - Queue buffers to the driver as soon as they are ready (Hans)
> - call fill_user_buffer() after queuing the buffer (Hans)
> - add err: label to clean up fence
> - add dma_fence_wait() before calling vb2_start_streaming()
>
>v3: - document fence parameter
> - remove ternary if at vb2_qbuf() return (Mauro)
> - do not change if conditions behaviour (Mauro)
>
>v2:
> - fix vb2_queue_or_prepare_buf() ret check
> - remove check for VB2_MEMORY_DMABUF only (Javier)
> - check num of ready buffers to start streaming
> - when queueing, start from the first ready buffer
> - handle queue cancel
>
>Signed-off-by: Gustavo Padovan <gustavo.padovan@collabora.com>
>---
> drivers/media/v4l2-core/Kconfig | 1 +
> drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-core.c | 103 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-v4l2.c | 27 +++++++-
> include/media/videobuf2-core.h | 11 +++-
> 4 files changed, 127 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
>
>diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/Kconfig b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/Kconfig
>index a35c33686abf..3f988c407c80 100644
>--- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/Kconfig
>+++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/Kconfig
>@@ -83,6 +83,7 @@ config VIDEOBUF_DVB
> # Used by drivers that need Videobuf2 modules
> config VIDEOBUF2_CORE
> select DMA_SHARED_BUFFER
>+ select SYNC_FILE
> tristate
>
> config VIDEOBUF2_MEMOPS
>diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-core.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-core.c
>index 60f8b582396a..b19c1bc4b083 100644
>--- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-core.c
>+++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-core.c
>@@ -1222,6 +1222,9 @@ static void __enqueue_in_driver(struct vb2_buffer *vb)
> {
> struct vb2_queue *q = vb->vb2_queue;
>
>+ if (vb->in_fence && !dma_fence_is_signaled(vb->in_fence))
>+ return;
>+
> vb->state = VB2_BUF_STATE_ACTIVE;
> atomic_inc(&q->owned_by_drv_count);
>
>@@ -1273,6 +1276,20 @@ static int __buf_prepare(struct vb2_buffer *vb, const void *pb)
> return 0;
> }
>
>+static int __get_num_ready_buffers(struct vb2_queue *q)
>+{
>+ struct vb2_buffer *vb;
>+ int ready_count = 0;
>+
>+ /* count num of buffers ready in front of the queued_list */
>+ list_for_each_entry(vb, &q->queued_list, queued_entry) {
>+ if (!vb->in_fence || dma_fence_is_signaled(vb->in_fence))
>+ ready_count++;
>+ }
>+
>+ return ready_count;
>+}
>+
> int vb2_core_prepare_buf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb)
> {
> struct vb2_buffer *vb;
>@@ -1361,7 +1378,19 @@ static int vb2_start_streaming(struct vb2_queue *q)
> return ret;
> }
>
>-int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb)
>+static void vb2_qbuf_fence_cb(struct dma_fence *f, struct dma_fence_cb *cb)
>+{
>+ struct vb2_buffer *vb = container_of(cb, struct vb2_buffer, fence_cb);
>+
>+ dma_fence_put(vb->in_fence);
>+ vb->in_fence = NULL;
>+
>+ if (vb->vb2_queue->start_streaming_called)
>+ __enqueue_in_driver(vb);
>+}
>+
>+int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb,
>+ struct dma_fence *fence)
> {
> struct vb2_buffer *vb;
> int ret;
>@@ -1372,16 +1401,18 @@ int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb)
> case VB2_BUF_STATE_DEQUEUED:
> ret = __buf_prepare(vb, pb);
> if (ret)
>- return ret;
>+ goto err;
> break;
> case VB2_BUF_STATE_PREPARED:
> break;
> case VB2_BUF_STATE_PREPARING:
> dprintk(1, "buffer still being prepared\n");
>- return -EINVAL;
>+ ret = -EINVAL;
>+ goto err;
> default:
> dprintk(1, "invalid buffer state %d\n", vb->state);
>- return -EINVAL;
>+ ret = -EINVAL;
>+ goto err;
> }
>
> /*
>@@ -1392,6 +1423,7 @@ int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb)
> q->queued_count++;
> q->waiting_for_buffers = false;
> vb->state = VB2_BUF_STATE_QUEUED;
>+ vb->in_fence = fence;
>
> if (pb)
> call_void_bufop(q, copy_timestamp, vb, pb);
>@@ -1399,6 +1431,16 @@ int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb)
> trace_vb2_qbuf(q, vb);
>
> /*
>+ * If it is time to call vb2_start_streaming() wait for the fence
>+ * to signal first. Of course, this happens only once per streaming.
>+ * We want to run any step that might fail before we set the callback
>+ * to queue the fence when it signals.
>+ */
>+ if (fence && !q->start_streaming_called &&
>+ __get_num_ready_buffers(q) == q->min_buffers_needed - 1)
>+ dma_fence_wait(fence, true);
>+
>+ /*
> * If streamon has been called, and we haven't yet called
> * start_streaming() since not enough buffers were queued, and
> * we now have reached the minimum number of queued buffers,
>@@ -1408,20 +1450,48 @@ int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb)
> * If not, the buffer will be given to driver on next streamon.
> */

The last two lines of this comment don't seem to apply here any more:

* If already streaming, give the buffer to driver for processing.
* If not, the buffer will be given to driver on next streamon.

Might be worth clarifying that this will happen lower down, or move it
to by the fill: label.

> if (q->streaming && !q->start_streaming_called &&
>- q->queued_count >= q->min_buffers_needed) {
>+ __get_num_ready_buffers(q) >= q->min_buffers_needed) {
> ret = vb2_start_streaming(q);
> if (ret)
>- return ret;
>- } else if (q->start_streaming_called) {
>- __enqueue_in_driver(vb);
>+ goto err;
> }
>
>+ /*
>+ * For explicit synchronization: If the fence didn't signal
>+ * yet we setup a callback to queue the buffer once the fence
>+ * signals, and then, return successfully. But if the fence
>+ * already signaled we lose the reference we held and queue the
>+ * buffer to the driver.
>+ */
>+ if (fence) {
>+ ret = dma_fence_add_callback(fence, &vb->fence_cb,
>+ vb2_qbuf_fence_cb);
>+ if (!ret)
>+ goto fill;
>+
>+ dma_fence_put(fence);
>+ vb->in_fence = NULL;
>+ }
>+
>+fill:
>+ if (q->start_streaming_called && !vb->in_fence)
>+ __enqueue_in_driver(vb);
>+
> /* Fill buffer information for the userspace */
> if (pb)
> call_void_bufop(q, fill_user_buffer, vb, pb);
>
> dprintk(2, "qbuf of buffer %d succeeded\n", vb->index);
> return 0;
>+
>+err:
>+ if (vb->in_fence) {
>+ dma_fence_put(vb->in_fence);
>+ vb->in_fence = NULL;
>+ }
>+
>+ return ret;
>+
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vb2_core_qbuf);
>
>@@ -1632,6 +1702,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vb2_core_dqbuf);
> static void __vb2_queue_cancel(struct vb2_queue *q)
> {
> unsigned int i;
>+ struct vb2_buffer *vb;
>
> /*
> * Tell driver to stop all transactions and release all queued
>@@ -1654,6 +1725,14 @@ static void __vb2_queue_cancel(struct vb2_queue *q)
> WARN_ON(atomic_read(&q->owned_by_drv_count));
> }
>
>+ list_for_each_entry(vb, &q->queued_list, queued_entry) {
>+ if (vb->in_fence) {
>+ dma_fence_remove_callback(vb->in_fence, &vb->fence_cb);

This looks racy - I think the callback might have run, or be running,
concurrently here. In that case you might have a NULL pointer deref,
or use-after-free.

>+ dma_fence_put(vb->in_fence);
>+ vb->in_fence = NULL;
>+ }
>+ }
>+
> q->streaming = 0;
> q->start_streaming_called = 0;
> q->queued_count = 0;
>@@ -1720,7 +1799,7 @@ int vb2_core_streamon(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int type)
> * Tell driver to start streaming provided sufficient buffers
> * are available.
> */
>- if (q->queued_count >= q->min_buffers_needed) {
>+ if (__get_num_ready_buffers(q) >= q->min_buffers_needed) {
> ret = v4l_vb2q_enable_media_source(q);
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>@@ -2240,7 +2319,7 @@ static int __vb2_init_fileio(struct vb2_queue *q, int read)
> * Queue all buffers.
> */
> for (i = 0; i < q->num_buffers; i++) {
>- ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, i, NULL);
>+ ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, i, NULL, NULL);
> if (ret)
> goto err_reqbufs;
> fileio->bufs[i].queued = 1;
>@@ -2419,7 +2498,7 @@ static size_t __vb2_perform_fileio(struct vb2_queue *q, char __user *data, size_
>
> if (copy_timestamp)
> b->timestamp = ktime_get_ns();
>- ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, index, NULL);
>+ ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, index, NULL, NULL);
> dprintk(5, "vb2_dbuf result: %d\n", ret);
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>@@ -2522,7 +2601,7 @@ static int vb2_thread(void *data)
> if (copy_timestamp)
> vb->timestamp = ktime_get_ns();;
> if (!threadio->stop)
>- ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, vb->index, NULL);
>+ ret = vb2_core_qbuf(q, vb->index, NULL, NULL);
> call_void_qop(q, wait_prepare, q);
> if (ret || threadio->stop)
> break;
>diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-v4l2.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-v4l2.c
>index 110fb45fef6f..8c322cd1b346 100644
>--- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-v4l2.c
>+++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf2-v4l2.c
>@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
> #include <linux/sched.h>
> #include <linux/freezer.h>
> #include <linux/kthread.h>
>+#include <linux/sync_file.h>
>
> #include <media/v4l2-dev.h>
> #include <media/v4l2-fh.h>
>@@ -178,6 +179,11 @@ static int vb2_queue_or_prepare_buf(struct vb2_queue *q, struct v4l2_buffer *b,
> return -EINVAL;
> }
>
>+ if ((b->fence_fd != -1) && !(b->flags & V4L2_BUF_FLAG_IN_FENCE)) {

From what Hans was saying on Patch 2, it seems like this check needs
to be changed so as not to break old userspace which zeroes reserved2
and knows nothing about the fence flag.

I don't know if the value should be simply ignored in that case, or
only allow exactly the values -1 and 0.

Thanks,
-Brian

>+ dprintk(1, "%s: fence_fd set without IN_FENCE flag\n", opname);
>+ return -EINVAL;
>+ }
>+
> return __verify_planes_array(q->bufs[b->index], b);
> }
>
>@@ -203,9 +209,14 @@ static void __fill_v4l2_buffer(struct vb2_buffer *vb, void *pb)
> b->timestamp = ns_to_timeval(vb->timestamp);
> b->timecode = vbuf->timecode;
> b->sequence = vbuf->sequence;
>- b->fence_fd = -1;
> b->reserved = 0;
>
>+ b->fence_fd = -1;
>+ if (vb->in_fence)
>+ b->flags |= V4L2_BUF_FLAG_IN_FENCE;
>+ else
>+ b->flags &= ~V4L2_BUF_FLAG_IN_FENCE;
>+
> if (q->is_multiplanar) {
> /*
> * Fill in plane-related data if userspace provided an array
>@@ -560,6 +571,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vb2_create_bufs);
>
> int vb2_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, struct v4l2_buffer *b)
> {
>+ struct dma_fence *fence = NULL;
> int ret;
>
> if (vb2_fileio_is_active(q)) {
>@@ -568,7 +580,18 @@ int vb2_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, struct v4l2_buffer *b)
> }
>
> ret = vb2_queue_or_prepare_buf(q, b, "qbuf");
>- return ret ? ret : vb2_core_qbuf(q, b->index, b);
>+ if (ret)
>+ return ret;
>+
>+ if (b->flags & V4L2_BUF_FLAG_IN_FENCE) {
>+ fence = sync_file_get_fence(b->fence_fd);
>+ if (!fence) {
>+ dprintk(1, "failed to get in-fence from fd\n");
>+ return -EINVAL;
>+ }
>+ }
>+
>+ return vb2_core_qbuf(q, b->index, b, fence);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vb2_qbuf);
>
>diff --git a/include/media/videobuf2-core.h b/include/media/videobuf2-core.h
>index ef9b64398c8c..41cda762ff0a 100644
>--- a/include/media/videobuf2-core.h
>+++ b/include/media/videobuf2-core.h
>@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
> #include <linux/mutex.h>
> #include <linux/poll.h>
> #include <linux/dma-buf.h>
>+#include <linux/dma-fence.h>
>
> #define VB2_MAX_FRAME (32)
> #define VB2_MAX_PLANES (8)
>@@ -254,11 +255,17 @@ struct vb2_buffer {
> * all buffers queued from userspace
> * done_entry: entry on the list that stores all buffers ready
> * to be dequeued to userspace
>+ * in_fence: fence receive from vb2 client to wait on before
>+ * using the buffer (queueing to the driver)
>+ * fence_cb: fence callback information
> */
> enum vb2_buffer_state state;
>
> struct list_head queued_entry;
> struct list_head done_entry;
>+
>+ struct dma_fence *in_fence;
>+ struct dma_fence_cb fence_cb;
> #ifdef CONFIG_VIDEO_ADV_DEBUG
> /*
> * Counters for how often these buffer-related ops are
>@@ -726,6 +733,7 @@ int vb2_core_prepare_buf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb);
> * @index: id number of the buffer
> * @pb: buffer structure passed from userspace to vidioc_qbuf handler
> * in driver
>+ * @fence: in-fence to wait on before queueing the buffer
> *
> * Should be called from vidioc_qbuf ioctl handler of a driver.
> * The passed buffer should have been verified.
>@@ -740,7 +748,8 @@ int vb2_core_prepare_buf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb);
> * The return values from this function are intended to be directly returned
> * from vidioc_qbuf handler in driver.
> */
>-int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb);
>+int vb2_core_qbuf(struct vb2_queue *q, unsigned int index, void *pb,
>+ struct dma_fence *fence);
>
> /**
> * vb2_core_dqbuf() - Dequeue a buffer to the userspace
>--
>2.13.5
>

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