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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/7] PCI: Distribute available buses to hotplug capable PCIe downstream ports
On Thu, Oct 12, 2017 at 01:32:23PM -0500, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Thu, Oct 12, 2017 at 03:47:03PM +0300, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> > On Wed, Oct 11, 2017 at 06:32:43PM -0500, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > On Tue, Sep 26, 2017 at 05:17:16PM +0300, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> > > > System BIOS sometimes allocates extra bus space for hotplug capable PCIe
> > > > root/downstream ports. This space is needed if the device plugged to the
> > > > port will have more hotplug capable downstream ports. A good example of
> > > > this is Thunderbolt. Each Thunderbolt device contains a PCIe switch and
> > > > one or more hotplug capable PCIe downstream ports where the daisy chain
> > > > can be extended.
> > > >
> > > > Currently Linux only allocates minimal bus space to make sure all the
> > > > enumerated devices barely fit there. The BIOS reserved extra space is
> > > > not taken into consideration at all. Because of this we run out of bus
> > > > space pretty quickly when more PCIe devices are attached to hotplug
> > > > downstream ports in order to extend the chain.
> > > >
> > > > This modifies PCI core so that we distribute the available BIOS
> > > > allocated bus space equally between hotplug capable PCIe downstream
> > > > ports to make sure there is enough bus space for extending the
> > > > hierarchy later on.
> > >
> > > I think this makes sense in general. It's a fairly complicated patch,
> > > so my comments here are just a first pass.
> >
> > Thanks for the comments!
> >
> > > Why do you limit it to PCIe? Isn't it conceivable that one could
> > > hot-add a conventional PCI card that contained a bridge leading to
> > > another hotplug slot? E.g., a PCI card with PCMCIA slot or something
> > > on it?
> >
> > I guess this could be generalized to such configurations but I wanted to
> > restrict this with PCIe for a couple of reasons. Firstly, I'm able to
> > actually test this ;-) Second, the rules in PCIe are quite simple,
> > whenever you have hotplug bridge (downstream port with a hotplug
> > capability set) you distribute the available bus space with it. With a
> > conventional PCI it is not so clear (at least to me).
>
> You're testing dev->is_hotplug_bridge, which I think is the right
> approach. It happens that we currently only set that for PCIe bridges
> with PCI_EXP_SLTCAP_HPC and for some ACPI cases (and a quirk for one
> device). But in principle we could and probably should set it if we
> can identify a conventional PCI hotplug bridge. So my suggestion is
> to just remove the explicit PCIe tests.

Fair enough :)

> > > > + /* Second pass. Bridges that need to be configured. */
> > > > + list_for_each_entry(dev, &bus->devices, bus_list) {
> > > > + if (pci_is_bridge(dev)) {
> > > > + unsigned int buses = 0;
> > > > +
> > > > + if (pcie_upstream_port(dev)) {
> > > > + /* Upstream port gets all available buses */
> > > > + buses = available_buses;
> > >
> > > I guess this relies on the assumption that there can only be one
> > > upstream port on a bus? Is that true? Typically a switch only has a
> > > function 0 upstream port, but something niggles at me like the spec
> > > admits the possibility of a switch with multiple functions of upstream
> > > ports? I don't know where that is right now (or if it exists), but
> > > I'll try to find it.
> >
> > My understanding is that there can be only one upstream port on a bus.
> > That said I looked at the spec again and there is this in chapter 7.3.1
> > of PCIe 3.1 spec:
> >
> > Switches, and components wishing to incorporate more than eight
> > Functions at their Upstream Port, are permitted to implement one or
> > more “virtual switches” represented by multiple Type 1 (PCI-PCI
> > Bridge) Configuration Space headers as illustrated in Figure 7-2.
> > These virtual switches serve to allow fan-out beyond eight Functions.
> > Since Switch Downstream Ports are permitted to appear on any Device
> > Number, in this case all address information fields (Bus, Device, and
> > Function Numbers) must be completely decoded to access the correct
> > register. Any Configuration Request targeting an unimplemented Bus,
> > Device, or Function must return a Completion with Unsupported Request
> > Completion Status.
> >
> > Not sure what it actually means, though. A "virtual switch" to me says
> > it is a switch with one upstream port and multiple downstream ports,
> > just like normal switch. Is this what you meant? Do you understand it so
> > that there can be multiple upstream ports connected to a bus?
>
> I agree with you; I think that section is just saying that if a
> component needs more then eight functions, it can incorporate a
> switch, so it could have one upstream port, one internal logical bus,
> up to 32 * 8 = 256 downstream ports on that logical bus, and 8
> endpoints below each downstream port. Of course, there wouldn't be
> enough bus number space for all that. But I don't think this is
> talking about a multifunction switch upstream port.
>
> Anyway, I think you're right that there can only be one upstream port
> on a bus, because an upstream port contains link management stuff, and
> it wouldn't make sense to have two upstream ports trying to manage the
> same end of a single link.
>
> But I would really like to remove the PCIe-specific nature of this
> test somehow so it could work on a conventional PCI topology.

I think we can change the test to check if the bus has only one
non-hotplug bridge and assing resources to it then instead of explictly
checking for PCIe upstream port.

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