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Subject[RFC 2/2] KVM: add virtio-pmem driver
Date
  This patch adds virtio-pmem driver for KVM guest.
Guest reads the persistent memory range information
over virtio bus from Qemu and reserves the range
as persistent memory. Guest also allocates a block
device corresponding to the pmem range which later
can be accessed with DAX compatible file systems.
Idea is to use the virtio channel between guest and
host to perform the block device flush for guest pmem
DAX device.

There is work to do including DAX file system support
and other advanced features.

Signed-off-by: Pankaj Gupta <pagupta@redhat.com>
---
drivers/virtio/Kconfig | 10 ++
drivers/virtio/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c | 322 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h | 55 +++++++
4 files changed, 388 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c
create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h

diff --git a/drivers/virtio/Kconfig b/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
index cff773f15b7e..0192c4bda54b 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
@@ -38,6 +38,16 @@ config VIRTIO_PCI_LEGACY

If unsure, say Y.

+config VIRTIO_PMEM
+ tristate "Virtio pmem driver"
+ depends on VIRTIO
+ ---help---
+ This driver adds persistent memory range within a KVM guest.
+ It also associates a block device corresponding to the pmem
+ range.
+
+ If unsure, say M.
+
config VIRTIO_BALLOON
tristate "Virtio balloon driver"
depends on VIRTIO
diff --git a/drivers/virtio/Makefile b/drivers/virtio/Makefile
index 41e30e3dc842..032ade725cc2 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/virtio/Makefile
@@ -5,3 +5,4 @@ virtio_pci-y := virtio_pci_modern.o virtio_pci_common.o
virtio_pci-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_PCI_LEGACY) += virtio_pci_legacy.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_BALLOON) += virtio_balloon.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_INPUT) += virtio_input.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_PMEM) += virtio_pmem.o
diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..74e47cae0e24
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_pmem.c
@@ -0,0 +1,322 @@
+/*
+ * virtio-pmem driver
+ */
+
+#include <linux/virtio.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/oom.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/mount.h>
+#include <linux/magic.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_pmem.h>
+
+void devm_vpmem_disable(struct device *dev, struct resource *res, void *addr)
+{
+ devm_memunmap(dev, addr);
+ devm_release_mem_region(dev, res->start, resource_size(res));
+}
+
+static void pmem_flush_done(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+ return;
+};
+
+static void virtio_pmem_release_queue(void *q)
+{
+ blk_cleanup_queue(q);
+}
+
+static void virtio_pmem_freeze_queue(void *q)
+{
+ blk_freeze_queue_start(q);
+}
+
+static void virtio_pmem_release_disk(void *__pmem)
+{
+ struct virtio_pmem *pmem = __pmem;
+
+ del_gendisk(pmem->disk);
+ put_disk(pmem->disk);
+}
+
+static int init_vq(struct virtio_pmem *vpmem)
+{
+ struct virtqueue *vq;
+
+ /* single vq */
+ vq = virtio_find_single_vq(vpmem->vdev, pmem_flush_done, "flush_queue");
+
+ if (IS_ERR(vq))
+ return PTR_ERR(vq);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct vmem_altmap *setup_pmem_pfn(struct virtio_pmem *vpmem,
+ struct resource *res, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+{
+ u32 start_pad = 0, end_trunc = 0;
+ resource_size_t start, size;
+ unsigned long npfns;
+ phys_addr_t offset;
+
+ size = resource_size(res);
+ start = PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(res->start);
+
+ if (region_intersects(start, size, IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM,
+ IORES_DESC_NONE) == REGION_MIXED) {
+
+ start = res->start;
+ start_pad = PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_UP(start) - start;
+ }
+ start = res->start;
+ size = PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_UP(start + size) - start;
+
+ if (region_intersects(start, size, IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM,
+ IORES_DESC_NONE) == REGION_MIXED) {
+
+ size = resource_size(res);
+ end_trunc = start + size -
+ PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(start + size);
+ }
+
+ start += start_pad;
+ size = resource_size(res);
+ npfns = PFN_SECTION_ALIGN_UP((size - start_pad - end_trunc - SZ_8K)
+ / PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ /*
+ * vmemmap_populate_hugepages() allocates the memmap array in
+ * HPAGE_SIZE chunks.
+ */
+ offset = ALIGN(start + SZ_8K + 64 * npfns, HPAGE_SIZE) - start;
+ vpmem->data_offset = offset;
+
+ struct vmem_altmap __altmap = {
+ .base_pfn = init_altmap_base(start+start_pad),
+ .reserve = init_altmap_reserve(start+start_pad),
+ };
+
+ res->start += start_pad;
+ res->end -= end_trunc;
+ memcpy(altmap, &__altmap, sizeof(*altmap));
+ altmap->free = PHYS_PFN(offset - SZ_8K);
+ altmap->alloc = 0;
+
+ return altmap;
+}
+
+static blk_status_t pmem_do_bvec(struct virtio_pmem *pmem, struct page *page,
+ unsigned int len, unsigned int off, bool is_write,
+ sector_t sector)
+{
+ blk_status_t rc = BLK_STS_OK;
+ phys_addr_t pmem_off = sector * 512 + pmem->data_offset;
+ void *pmem_addr = pmem->virt_addr + pmem_off;
+
+ if (!is_write) {
+ rc = read_pmem(page, off, pmem_addr, len);
+ flush_dcache_page(page);
+ } else {
+ flush_dcache_page(page);
+ write_pmem(pmem_addr, page, off, len);
+ }
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int vpmem_rw_page(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector,
+ struct page *page, bool is_write)
+{
+ struct virtio_pmem *pmem = bdev->bd_queue->queuedata;
+ blk_status_t rc;
+
+ rc = pmem_do_bvec(pmem, page, hpage_nr_pages(page) * PAGE_SIZE,
+ 0, is_write, sector);
+
+ if (rc == 0)
+ page_endio(page, is_write, 0);
+
+ return blk_status_to_errno(rc);
+}
+
+#ifndef REQ_FLUSH
+#define REQ_FLUSH REQ_PREFLUSH
+#endif
+
+static blk_qc_t virtio_pmem_make_request(struct request_queue *q,
+ struct bio *bio)
+{
+ blk_status_t rc = 0;
+ struct bio_vec bvec;
+ struct bvec_iter iter;
+ struct virtio_pmem *pmem = q->queuedata;
+
+ if (bio->bi_opf & REQ_FLUSH)
+ //todo host flush command
+
+ bio_for_each_segment(bvec, bio, iter) {
+ rc = pmem_do_bvec(pmem, bvec.bv_page, bvec.bv_len,
+ bvec.bv_offset, op_is_write(bio_op(bio)),
+ iter.bi_sector);
+ if (rc) {
+ bio->bi_status = rc;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ bio_endio(bio);
+ return BLK_QC_T_NONE;
+}
+
+static const struct block_device_operations pmem_fops = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .rw_page = vpmem_rw_page,
+ //.revalidate_disk = nvdimm_revalidate_disk,
+};
+
+static int virtio_pmem_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+ struct virtio_pmem *vpmem;
+ int err = 0;
+ void *addr;
+ struct resource *res, res_pfn;
+ struct request_queue *q;
+ struct vmem_altmap __altmap, *altmap = NULL;
+ struct gendisk *disk;
+ struct device *gendev;
+ int nid = dev_to_node(&vdev->dev);
+
+ if (!vdev->config->get) {
+ dev_err(&vdev->dev, "%s failure: config disabled\n",
+ __func__);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ vdev->priv = vpmem = devm_kzalloc(&vdev->dev, sizeof(*vpmem),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (!vpmem) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ dev_set_drvdata(&vdev->dev, vpmem);
+
+ vpmem->vdev = vdev;
+ err = init_vq(vpmem);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
+ if (!virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_PMEM_PLUG)) {
+ dev_err(&vdev->dev, "%s : pmem not supported\n",
+ __func__);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ virtio_cread(vpmem->vdev, struct virtio_pmem_config,
+ start, &vpmem->start);
+ virtio_cread(vpmem->vdev, struct virtio_pmem_config,
+ size, &vpmem->size);
+
+ res_pfn.start = vpmem->start;
+ res_pfn.end = vpmem->start + vpmem->size-1;
+
+ /* used for allocating memmap in the pmem device */
+ altmap = setup_pmem_pfn(vpmem, &res_pfn, &__altmap);
+
+ res = devm_request_mem_region(&vdev->dev,
+ res_pfn.start, resource_size(&res_pfn), "virtio-pmem");
+
+ if (!res) {
+ dev_warn(&vdev->dev, "could not reserve region ");
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ q = blk_alloc_queue_node(GFP_KERNEL, dev_to_node(&vdev->dev));
+
+ if (!q)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ if (devm_add_action_or_reset(&vdev->dev,
+ virtio_pmem_release_queue, q))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ vpmem->pfn_flags = PFN_DEV;
+
+ /* allocate memap in pmem device itself */
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE)) {
+
+ addr = devm_memremap_pages(&vdev->dev, res,
+ &q->q_usage_counter, altmap);
+ vpmem->pfn_flags |= PFN_MAP;
+ } else
+ addr = devm_memremap(&vdev->dev, vpmem->start,
+ vpmem->size, ARCH_MEMREMAP_PMEM);
+
+ /*
+ * At release time the queue must be frozen before
+ * devm_memremap_pages is unwound
+ */
+ if (devm_add_action_or_reset(&vdev->dev,
+ virtio_pmem_freeze_queue, q))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ if (IS_ERR(addr))
+ return PTR_ERR(addr);
+
+ vpmem->virt_addr = addr;
+ blk_queue_write_cache(q, 0, 0);
+ blk_queue_make_request(q, virtio_pmem_make_request);
+ blk_queue_physical_block_size(q, PAGE_SIZE);
+ blk_queue_logical_block_size(q, 512);
+ blk_queue_max_hw_sectors(q, UINT_MAX);
+ queue_flag_set_unlocked(QUEUE_FLAG_NONROT, q);
+ queue_flag_set_unlocked(QUEUE_FLAG_DAX, q);
+ q->queuedata = vpmem;
+
+ disk = alloc_disk_node(0, nid);
+ if (!disk)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ vpmem->disk = disk;
+
+ disk->fops = &pmem_fops;
+ disk->queue = q;
+ disk->flags = GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT;
+ strcpy(disk->disk_name, "vpmem");
+ set_capacity(disk, vpmem->size/512);
+ gendev = disk_to_dev(disk);
+
+ virtio_device_ready(vdev);
+ device_add_disk(&vdev->dev, disk);
+
+ if (devm_add_action_or_reset(&vdev->dev,
+ virtio_pmem_release_disk, vpmem))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ revalidate_disk(disk);
+ return 0;
+out:
+ vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static struct virtio_driver virtio_pmem_driver = {
+ .feature_table = features,
+ .feature_table_size = ARRAY_SIZE(features),
+ .driver.name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
+ .driver.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .id_table = id_table,
+ .probe = virtio_pmem_probe,
+ //.remove = virtio_pmem_remove,
+};
+
+module_virtio_driver(virtio_pmem_driver);
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(virtio, id_table);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Virtio pmem driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ec0c728c79ba
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_pmem.h
@@ -0,0 +1,55 @@
+/*
+ * Virtio pmem Device
+ *
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_PMEM_H
+#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_PMEM_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_types.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_ids.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_config.h>
+#include <linux/pfn_t.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/blk-mq.h>
+#include <linux/pmem_common.h>
+
+bool pmem_should_map_pages(struct device *dev);
+
+#define VIRTIO_PMEM_PLUG 0
+
+struct virtio_pmem_config {
+
+uint64_t start;
+uint64_t size;
+uint64_t align;
+uint64_t data_offset;
+};
+
+struct virtio_pmem {
+
+ struct virtio_device *vdev;
+ struct virtqueue *req_vq;
+
+ uint64_t start;
+ uint64_t size;
+ uint64_t align;
+ uint64_t data_offset;
+ u64 pfn_flags;
+ void *virt_addr;
+ struct gendisk *disk;
+} __packed;
+
+static struct virtio_device_id id_table[] = {
+ { VIRTIO_ID_PMEM, VIRTIO_DEV_ANY_ID },
+ { 0 },
+};
+
+static unsigned int features[] = {
+ VIRTIO_PMEM_PLUG,
+};
+
+#endif
+
--
2.13.0
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