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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 10/16] iommu: introduce device fault report API
On Tue, 10 Oct 2017 15:40:54 +0200
Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org> wrote:

> On Thu, Oct 05, 2017 at 04:03:38PM -0700, Jacob Pan wrote:
> > Traditionally, device specific faults are detected and handled
> > within their own device drivers. When IOMMU is enabled, faults such
> > as DMA related transactions are detected by IOMMU. There is no
> > generic reporting mechanism to report faults back to the in-kernel
> > device driver or the guest OS in case of assigned devices.
> >
> > Faults detected by IOMMU is based on the transaction's source ID
> > which can be reported at per device basis, regardless of the device
> > type is a PCI device or not.
> >
> > The fault types include recoverable (e.g. page request) and
> > unrecoverable faults(e.g. access error). In most cases, faults can
> > be handled by IOMMU drivers internally. The primary use cases are as
> > follows:
> > 1. page request fault originated from an SVM capable device that is
> > assigned to guest via vIOMMU. In this case, the first level page
> > tables are owned by the guest. Page request must be propagated to
> > the guest to let guest OS fault in the pages then send page
> > response. In this mechanism, the direct receiver of IOMMU fault
> > notification is VFIO, which can relay notification events to QEMU
> > or other user space software.
> >
> > 2. faults need more subtle handling by device drivers. Other than
> > simply invoke reset function, there are needs to let device driver
> > handle the fault with a smaller impact.
> >
> > This patchset is intended to create a generic fault report API such
> > that it can scale as follows:
> > - all IOMMU types
> > - PCI and non-PCI devices
> > - recoverable and unrecoverable faults
> > - VFIO and other other in kernel users
> > - DMA & IRQ remapping (TBD)
> > The original idea was brought up by David Woodhouse and discussions
> > summarized at https://lwn.net/Articles/608914/.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/iommu/iommu.c | 56
> > ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > include/linux/iommu.h | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++ 2 files changed,
> > 78 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > index 5a14154..0b058e2 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > @@ -554,9 +554,15 @@ int iommu_group_add_device(struct iommu_group
> > *group, struct device *dev)
> > device->dev = dev;
> >
> > + dev->iommu_fault_param = kzalloc(sizeof(struct
> > iommu_fault_param), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!dev->iommu_fault_param) {
> > + ret = -ENOMEM;
> > + goto err_free_device;
> > + }
> > +
>
> This looks like some left-over from a previous version, because
> allocation of that structure is done in
> iommu_register_device_fault_handler()
>
you are right! I later changed it to do allocation at the
handler registration time.

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