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SubjectRe: [PATCH 56/62] watchdog: tangox_wdt: Convert to use device managed functions
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On 11/01/2017 18:51, Guenter Roeck wrote:

> However, some other unrelated undefined behavior does not mean that this
> specific behavior is undefined.

True :-)

Let me just give two additional examples of UB that /have/ bitten
Linux kernel devs.

int i;
for (i = 1; i > 0; ++i)
/* do_something(); */

=> optimized into an infinite loop

and

void func(struct foo *p) {
int n = p->field;
if (!p) return;

=> null-pointer check optimized away

> So far we have a claim that a cast to a void * may somehow be different
> to a cast to a different pointer, if used as function argument, and that
> the behavior with such a cast may be undefined. In other words, you claim
> that a function implemented as, say,
>
> void func(int *var) {}
>
> might result in undefined behavior if some header file declares it as
>
> void func(void *);
>
> and it is called as
>
> int var;
>
> func(&var);
>
> That seems really far fetched to me.

Thanks for giving me an opportunity to play the language lawyer :-)

C99 6.3.2.3 sub-clause 8 states:

"A pointer to a function of one type may be converted to a pointer to a function of another
type and back again; the result shall compare equal to the original pointer. If a converted
pointer is used to call a function whose type is not compatible with the pointed-to type,
the behavior is undefined."

So, the behavior is undefined, not when you cast clk_disable_unprepare,
but when clk_disable_unprepare is later called through the devres->action
function pointer.

However, I agree that it will work as expected on typical platforms
(where all pointers are the same size, and the calling convention
treats all pointers the same).

> I do get the message that you do not like this kind of cast. But that doesn't
> mean it is not correct.

If it's already widely used in the kernel, it seems there is no point
fighting it ;-)

Regards.

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