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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/3] xen: optimize xenbus driver for multiple concurrent xenstore accesses
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On 10/01/17 23:56, Boris Ostrovsky wrote:
>
>
>
>> diff --git a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c
>> index ebc768f..ebdfbee 100644
>> --- a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c
>> +++ b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c
>
>
>> -
>> -static struct xs_handle xs_state;
>> +/*
>> + * Framework to protect suspend/resume handling against normal Xenstore
>> + * message handling:
>> + * During suspend/resume there must be no open transaction and no pending
>> + * Xenstore request.
>> + * New watch events happening in this time can be ignored by firing all watches
>> + * after resume.
>> + */
>> +/* Lock protecting enter/exit critical region. */
>> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(xs_state_lock);
>> +/* Wait queue for all callers waiting for critical region to become usable. */
>> +static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(xs_state_enter_wq);
>> +/* Wait queue for suspend handling waiting for critical region being empty. */
>> +static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(xs_state_exit_wq);
>> +/* Number of users in critical region. */
>> +static unsigned int xs_state_users;
>> +/* Suspend handler waiting or already active? */
>> +static int xs_suspend_active;
>
> I think these two should be declared next to xs_state _lock since they
> are protected by it. Or maybe even put them into some sort of a state
> struct.

I think placing them near the lock and adding a comment is enough.

>> +
>> +
>> +static bool test_reply(struct xb_req_data *req)
>> +{
>> + if (req->state == xb_req_state_got_reply || !xenbus_ok())
>> + return true;
>> +
>> + /* Make sure to reread req->state each time. */
>> + cpu_relax();
>
> I don't think I understand why this is needed.

I need a compiler barrier. Otherwise the compiler read req->state only
once outside the while loop.

>> +
>> + return false;
>> +}
>> +
>
>
>> +static void xs_send(struct xb_req_data *req, struct xsd_sockmsg *msg)
>> {
>> - mutex_lock(&xs_state.transaction_mutex);
>> - atomic_inc(&xs_state.transaction_count);
>> - mutex_unlock(&xs_state.transaction_mutex);
>> -}
>> + bool notify;
>>
>> -static void transaction_end(void)
>> -{
>> - if (atomic_dec_and_test(&xs_state.transaction_count))
>> - wake_up(&xs_state.transaction_wq);
>> -}
>> + req->msg = *msg;
>> + req->err = 0;
>> + req->state = xb_req_state_queued;
>> + init_waitqueue_head(&req->wq);
>>
>> -static void transaction_suspend(void)
>> -{
>> - mutex_lock(&xs_state.transaction_mutex);
>> - wait_event(xs_state.transaction_wq,
>> - atomic_read(&xs_state.transaction_count) == 0);
>> -}
>> + xs_request_enter(req);
>>
>> -static void transaction_resume(void)
>> -{
>> - mutex_unlock(&xs_state.transaction_mutex);
>> + req->msg.req_id = xs_request_id++;
>
> Is it safe to do this without a lock?

You are right: I should move this to xs_request_enter() inside the
lock. I think I'll let return xs_request_enter() the request id.

>> +
>> +int xenbus_dev_request_and_reply(struct xsd_sockmsg *msg, void *par)
>> +{
>> + struct xb_req_data *req;
>> + struct kvec *vec;
>> +
>> + req = kmalloc(sizeof(*req) + sizeof(*vec), GFP_KERNEL);
>
> Is there a reason why you are using different flags here?

Yes. This function is always called in user context. No need to be
more restrictive.

>> @@ -263,11 +295,20 @@ static void *xs_talkv(struct xenbus_transaction t,
>> unsigned int num_vecs,
>> unsigned int *len)
>> {
>> + struct xb_req_data *req;
>> struct xsd_sockmsg msg;
>> void *ret = NULL;
>> unsigned int i;
>> int err;
>>
>> + req = kmalloc(sizeof(*req), GFP_NOIO | __GFP_HIGH);
>> + if (!req)
>> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>> +
>> + req->vec = iovec;
>> + req->num_vecs = num_vecs;
>> + req->cb = xs_wake_up;
>> +
>> msg.tx_id = t.id;
>> msg.req_id = 0;
>
> Is this still needed? You are assigning it in xs_send().

Right. Can be removed.

>> +static int xs_reboot_notify(struct notifier_block *nb,
>> + unsigned long code, void *unused)
>> {
>> - struct xs_stored_msg *msg;
>
>
>
>> + struct xb_req_data *req;
>> +
>> + mutex_lock(&xb_write_mutex);
>> + list_for_each_entry(req, &xs_reply_list, list)
>> + wake_up(&req->wq);
>> + list_for_each_entry(req, &xb_write_list, list)
>> + wake_up(&req->wq);
>
> We are waking up waiters here but there is not guarantee that waiting
> threads will have a chance to run, is there?

You are right. But this isn't the point. We want to avoid blocking a
reboot due to some needed thread waiting for xenstore. And this task
is being accomplished here.


Juergen

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