lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Jan]   [11]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
Date
SubjectRe: [PATCH/RESEND v2 5/5] z3fold: add kref refcounting
On Wed, Jan 11, 2017 at 12:27 PM, Vitaly Wool <vitalywool@gmail.com> wrote:
> On Wed, Jan 11, 2017 at 6:08 PM, Dan Streetman <ddstreet@ieee.org> wrote:
>> On Wed, Jan 11, 2017 at 10:06 AM, Vitaly Wool <vitalywool@gmail.com> wrote:
>>> With both coming and already present locking optimizations,
>>> introducing kref to reference-count z3fold objects is the right
>>> thing to do. Moreover, it makes buddied list no longer necessary,
>>> and allows for a simpler handling of headless pages.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Vitaly Wool <vitalywool@gmail.com>
>>> ---
>>> mm/z3fold.c | 145 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------------------
>>> 1 file changed, 62 insertions(+), 83 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/mm/z3fold.c b/mm/z3fold.c
>>> index 4325bde..59cb14f 100644
>>> --- a/mm/z3fold.c
>>> +++ b/mm/z3fold.c
>>> @@ -52,6 +52,7 @@ enum buddy {
>>> * z3fold page, except for HEADLESS pages
>>> * @buddy: links the z3fold page into the relevant list in the pool
>>> * @page_lock: per-page lock
>>> + * @refcount: reference cound for the z3fold page
>>> * @first_chunks: the size of the first buddy in chunks, 0 if free
>>> * @middle_chunks: the size of the middle buddy in chunks, 0 if free
>>> * @last_chunks: the size of the last buddy in chunks, 0 if free
>>> @@ -60,6 +61,7 @@ enum buddy {
>>> struct z3fold_header {
>>> struct list_head buddy;
>>> spinlock_t page_lock;
>>> + struct kref refcount;
>>> unsigned short first_chunks;
>>> unsigned short middle_chunks;
>>> unsigned short last_chunks;
>>> @@ -95,8 +97,6 @@ struct z3fold_header {
>>> * @unbuddied: array of lists tracking z3fold pages that contain 2- buddies;
>>> * the lists each z3fold page is added to depends on the size of
>>> * its free region.
>>> - * @buddied: list tracking the z3fold pages that contain 3 buddies;
>>> - * these z3fold pages are full
>>> * @lru: list tracking the z3fold pages in LRU order by most recently
>>> * added buddy.
>>> * @pages_nr: number of z3fold pages in the pool.
>>> @@ -109,7 +109,6 @@ struct z3fold_header {
>>> struct z3fold_pool {
>>> spinlock_t lock;
>>> struct list_head unbuddied[NCHUNKS];
>>> - struct list_head buddied;
>>> struct list_head lru;
>>> atomic64_t pages_nr;
>>> const struct z3fold_ops *ops;
>>> @@ -121,8 +120,7 @@ struct z3fold_pool {
>>> * Internal z3fold page flags
>>> */
>>> enum z3fold_page_flags {
>>> - UNDER_RECLAIM = 0,
>>> - PAGE_HEADLESS,
>>> + PAGE_HEADLESS = 0,
>>> MIDDLE_CHUNK_MAPPED,
>>> };
>>>
>>> @@ -146,11 +144,11 @@ static struct z3fold_header *init_z3fold_page(struct page *page)
>>> struct z3fold_header *zhdr = page_address(page);
>>>
>>> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&page->lru);
>>> - clear_bit(UNDER_RECLAIM, &page->private);
>>> clear_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private);
>>> clear_bit(MIDDLE_CHUNK_MAPPED, &page->private);
>>>
>>> spin_lock_init(&zhdr->page_lock);
>>> + kref_init(&zhdr->refcount);
>>> zhdr->first_chunks = 0;
>>> zhdr->middle_chunks = 0;
>>> zhdr->last_chunks = 0;
>>> @@ -161,9 +159,21 @@ static struct z3fold_header *init_z3fold_page(struct page *page)
>>> }
>>>
>>> /* Resets the struct page fields and frees the page */
>>> -static void free_z3fold_page(struct z3fold_header *zhdr)
>>> +static void free_z3fold_page(struct page *page)
>>> {
>>> - __free_page(virt_to_page(zhdr));
>>> + __free_page(page);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static void release_z3fold_page(struct kref *ref)
>>> +{
>>> + struct z3fold_header *zhdr = container_of(ref, struct z3fold_header,
>>> + refcount);
>>> + struct page *page = virt_to_page(zhdr);
>>> + if (!list_empty(&zhdr->buddy))
>>> + list_del(&zhdr->buddy);
>>> + if (!list_empty(&page->lru))
>>> + list_del(&page->lru);
>>> + free_z3fold_page(page);
>>> }
>>>
>>> /* Lock a z3fold page */
>>> @@ -257,7 +267,6 @@ static struct z3fold_pool *z3fold_create_pool(gfp_t gfp,
>>> spin_lock_init(&pool->lock);
>>> for_each_unbuddied_list(i, 0)
>>> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pool->unbuddied[i]);
>>> - INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pool->buddied);
>>> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pool->lru);
>>> atomic64_set(&pool->pages_nr, 0);
>>> pool->ops = ops;
>>> @@ -378,6 +387,7 @@ static int z3fold_alloc(struct z3fold_pool *pool, size_t size, gfp_t gfp,
>>> spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>>> continue;
>>> }
>>> + kref_get(&zhdr->refcount);
>>> list_del_init(&zhdr->buddy);
>>> spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>>>
>>> @@ -394,10 +404,12 @@ static int z3fold_alloc(struct z3fold_pool *pool, size_t size, gfp_t gfp,
>>> else if (zhdr->middle_chunks == 0)
>>> bud = MIDDLE;
>>> else {
>>> + z3fold_page_unlock(zhdr);
>>> spin_lock(&pool->lock);
>>> - list_add(&zhdr->buddy, &pool->buddied);
>>> + if (kref_put(&zhdr->refcount,
>>> + release_z3fold_page))
>>> + atomic64_dec(&pool->pages_nr);
>>> spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>>> - z3fold_page_unlock(zhdr);
>>> pr_err("No free chunks in unbuddied\n");
>>> WARN_ON(1);
>>> continue;
>>> @@ -438,9 +450,6 @@ static int z3fold_alloc(struct z3fold_pool *pool, size_t size, gfp_t gfp,
>>> /* Add to unbuddied list */
>>> freechunks = num_free_chunks(zhdr);
>>> list_add(&zhdr->buddy, &pool->unbuddied[freechunks]);
>>> - } else {
>>> - /* Add to buddied list */
>>> - list_add(&zhdr->buddy, &pool->buddied);
>>> }
>>>
>>> headless:
>>> @@ -504,52 +513,29 @@ static void z3fold_free(struct z3fold_pool *pool, unsigned long handle)
>>> }
>>> }
>>>
>>> - if (test_bit(UNDER_RECLAIM, &page->private)) {
>>> - /* z3fold page is under reclaim, reclaim will free */
>>> - if (bud != HEADLESS)
>>> - z3fold_page_unlock(zhdr);
>>> - return;
>>> - }
>>> -
>>> - /* Remove from existing buddy list */
>>> - if (bud != HEADLESS) {
>>> - spin_lock(&pool->lock);
>>> - /*
>>> - * this object may have been removed from its list by
>>> - * z3fold_alloc(). In that case we just do nothing,
>>> - * z3fold_alloc() will allocate an object and add the page
>>> - * to the relevant list.
>>> - */
>>> - if (!list_empty(&zhdr->buddy)) {
>>> - list_del(&zhdr->buddy);
>>> - } else {
>>> - spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>>> - z3fold_page_unlock(zhdr);
>>> - return;
>>> - }
>>> - spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>>> - }
>>> -
>>> - if (bud == HEADLESS ||
>>> - (zhdr->first_chunks == 0 && zhdr->middle_chunks == 0 &&
>>> - zhdr->last_chunks == 0)) {
>>> - /* z3fold page is empty, free */
>>> + if (bud == HEADLESS) {
>>> spin_lock(&pool->lock);
>>> list_del(&page->lru);
>>> spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>>> - clear_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private);
>>> - if (bud != HEADLESS)
>>> - z3fold_page_unlock(zhdr);
>>> - free_z3fold_page(zhdr);
>>> + free_z3fold_page(page);
>>> atomic64_dec(&pool->pages_nr);
>>> } else {
>>> - z3fold_compact_page(zhdr);
>>> - /* Add to the unbuddied list */
>>> + if (zhdr->first_chunks != 0 || zhdr->middle_chunks != 0 ||
>>> + zhdr->last_chunks != 0) {
>>> + z3fold_compact_page(zhdr);
>>> + /* Add to the unbuddied list */
>>> + spin_lock(&pool->lock);
>>> + if (!list_empty(&zhdr->buddy))
>>> + list_del(&zhdr->buddy);
>>> + freechunks = num_free_chunks(zhdr);
>>> + list_add(&zhdr->buddy, &pool->unbuddied[freechunks]);
>>> + spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>>> + }
>>> + z3fold_page_unlock(zhdr);
>>> spin_lock(&pool->lock);
>>> - freechunks = num_free_chunks(zhdr);
>>> - list_add(&zhdr->buddy, &pool->unbuddied[freechunks]);
>>> + if (kref_put(&zhdr->refcount, release_z3fold_page))
>>> + atomic64_dec(&pool->pages_nr);
>>> spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>>> - z3fold_page_unlock(zhdr);
>>> }
>>>
>>> }
>>> @@ -608,13 +594,13 @@ static int z3fold_reclaim_page(struct z3fold_pool *pool, unsigned int retries)
>>> return -EINVAL;
>>> }
>>> page = list_last_entry(&pool->lru, struct page, lru);
>>> - list_del(&page->lru);
>>> + list_del_init(&page->lru);
>>>
>>> - /* Protect z3fold page against free */
>>> - set_bit(UNDER_RECLAIM, &page->private);
>>> zhdr = page_address(page);
>>> if (!test_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private)) {
>>> - list_del(&zhdr->buddy);
>>> + if (!list_empty(&zhdr->buddy))
>>> + list_del_init(&zhdr->buddy);
>>> + kref_get(&zhdr->refcount);
>>> spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>>> z3fold_page_lock(zhdr);
>>> /*
>>> @@ -655,30 +641,18 @@ static int z3fold_reclaim_page(struct z3fold_pool *pool, unsigned int retries)
>>> goto next;
>>> }
>>> next:
>>> - if (!test_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private))
>>> + if (test_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private)) {
>>> + if (ret == 0) {
>>> + free_z3fold_page(page);
>>> + return 0;
>>> + }
>>> + } else {
>>> + int freed;
>>> z3fold_page_lock(zhdr);
>>> - clear_bit(UNDER_RECLAIM, &page->private);
>>> - if ((test_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private) && ret == 0) ||
>>> - (zhdr->first_chunks == 0 && zhdr->last_chunks == 0 &&
>>> - zhdr->middle_chunks == 0)) {
>>> - /*
>>> - * All buddies are now free, free the z3fold page and
>>> - * return success.
>>> - */
>>> - if (!test_and_clear_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private))
>>> - z3fold_page_unlock(zhdr);
>>> - free_z3fold_page(zhdr);
>>> - atomic64_dec(&pool->pages_nr);
>>> - return 0;
>>> - } else if (!test_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private)) {
>>> - if (zhdr->first_chunks != 0 &&
>>> - zhdr->last_chunks != 0 &&
>>> - zhdr->middle_chunks != 0) {
>>> - /* Full, add to buddied list */
>>> - spin_lock(&pool->lock);
>>> - list_add(&zhdr->buddy, &pool->buddied);
>>> - spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>>> - } else {
>>> + if ((zhdr->first_chunks || zhdr->last_chunks ||
>>> + zhdr->middle_chunks) &&
>>> + !(zhdr->first_chunks && zhdr->last_chunks &&
>>> + zhdr->middle_chunks)) {
>>> z3fold_compact_page(zhdr);
>>> /* add to unbuddied list */
>>> spin_lock(&pool->lock);
>>> @@ -687,10 +661,15 @@ static int z3fold_reclaim_page(struct z3fold_pool *pool, unsigned int retries)
>>> &pool->unbuddied[freechunks]);
>>> spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>>> }
>>> - }
>>> -
>>> - if (!test_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private))
>>> z3fold_page_unlock(zhdr);
>>> + spin_lock(&pool->lock);
>>> + freed = kref_put(&zhdr->refcount, release_z3fold_page);
>>> + spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>>> + if (freed) {
>>> + atomic64_dec(&pool->pages_nr);
>>> + return 0;
>>> + }
>>
>> you still can't do this - put the kref and then add it back to the lru
>> later. freed here is only useful for knowing that it was freed - you
>> can't assume that !freed means it's still valid for you to use.
>
> Oh right, thanks. I can however do something like
> ...
> spin_lock(&pool->lock);
> if (kref_put(&zhdr->refcount, release_z3fold_page)) {
> atomic64_dec(&pool->pages_nr);
> spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
> return 0;
> }
> }
>
> /* add to beginning of LRU */
> list_add(&page->lru, &pool->lru);
> }
> ...
>
> provided that I take the lock for the headless case above. That will
> work won't it?

in this specific case - since every single kref_put in the driver is
protected by the pool lock - yeah, you can do that, since you know
that specific kref_put didn't free the page and no other kref_put
could happen since you're holding the pool lock.

but that specific requirement isn't made obvious by the code, and I
can see how a future patch could release the pool lock between the
kref_put and lru list add, without realizing that introduces a bug.
isn't it better to just add it to the lru list before you put the
kref? just a suggestion.

i'd also suggest the pages_nr dec go into the page release function,
instead of checking every kref_put return value; that's easier and
less prone to forgetting to check one of the kref_puts.

>
> ~vitaly

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-01-11 18:40    [W:0.118 / U:1.320 seconds]
©2003-2017 Jasper Spaans. hosted at Digital OceanAdvertise on this site