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Subject[PATCH v3 09/22] kthread: Allow to cancel kthread work
Date
We are going to use kthread workers more widely and sometimes we will need
to make sure that the work is neither pending nor running.

This patch implements cancel_*_sync() operations as inspired by
workqueues. Well, we are synchronized against the other operations
via the worker lock, we use del_timer_sync() and a counter to count
parallel cancel operations. Therefore the implementation might be easier.

First, we try to lock the work. If it does not work, it means that
no worker is assigned and that we are done.

Second, we try to cancel the timer when it exists. A problem is when
the timer callback is running at the same time. In this case, we need
to release the lock to avoid a deadlock and start from the beginning.

Third, we try to remove the work from the worker list.

Fourth, if the work is running, we call flush_kthread_work(). It might
take an arbitrary time. In the meantime, queuing of the work is blocked
by the new canceling counter.

As already mentioned, the check for a pending kthread work is done under
a lock. In compare with workqueues, we do not need to fight for a single
PENDING bit to block other operations. Therefore do not suffer from
the thundering storm problem and all parallel canceling jobs might use
kthread_work_flush(). Any queuing is blocked until the counter is zero.

Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
---
include/linux/kthread.h | 4 ++
kernel/kthread.c | 142 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 146 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/kthread.h b/include/linux/kthread.h
index 1a5738dcdf8d..dd2a587a2bd7 100644
--- a/include/linux/kthread.h
+++ b/include/linux/kthread.h
@@ -77,6 +77,7 @@ struct kthread_work {
kthread_work_func_t func;
struct kthread_worker *worker;
struct timer_list *timer;
+ int canceling;
};

struct delayed_kthread_work {
@@ -170,6 +171,9 @@ bool queue_delayed_kthread_work(struct kthread_worker *worker,
void flush_kthread_work(struct kthread_work *work);
void flush_kthread_worker(struct kthread_worker *worker);

+bool cancel_kthread_work_sync(struct kthread_work *work);
+bool cancel_delayed_kthread_work_sync(struct delayed_kthread_work *work);
+
void destroy_kthread_worker(struct kthread_worker *worker);

#endif /* _LINUX_KTHREAD_H */
diff --git a/kernel/kthread.c b/kernel/kthread.c
index 0f4b348c2c7e..d12aa91cc44d 100644
--- a/kernel/kthread.c
+++ b/kernel/kthread.c
@@ -567,6 +567,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__init_kthread_worker);
* Returns true when there is a pending operation for this work.
* In particular, it checks if the work is:
* - queued
+ * - being cancelled
* - a timer is running to queue this delayed work
*
* This function must be called with locked work.
@@ -574,6 +575,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__init_kthread_worker);
static inline bool kthread_work_pending(const struct kthread_work *work)
{
return !list_empty(&work->node) ||
+ work->canceling ||
(work->timer && timer_active(work->timer));
}

@@ -950,6 +952,146 @@ retry:
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_kthread_work);

/**
+ * try_to_cancel_kthread_work - Try to cancel kthread work.
+ * @work: work item to cancel
+ * @lock: lock used to protect the work
+ * @flags: flags stored when the lock was taken
+ *
+ * This function tries to cancel the given kthread work by deleting
+ * the timer and by removing the work from the queue.
+ *
+ * If the timer callback is in progress, it waits until it finishes
+ * but it has to drop the lock to avoid a deadlock.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ * 1 if @work was pending and successfully canceled
+ * 0 if @work was not pending
+ * -EAGAIN if the lock was dropped. The caller is supposed to
+ * take the lock again and repeat the operation.
+ */
+static int
+try_to_cancel_kthread_work(struct kthread_work *work,
+ spinlock_t *lock,
+ unsigned long *flags)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (work->timer) {
+ /* Try to cancel the timer if pending. */
+ if (del_timer(work->timer)) {
+ ret = 1;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* Are we racing with the timer callback? */
+ if (timer_active(work->timer)) {
+ /* Bad luck, need to avoid a deadlock. */
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, *flags);
+ del_timer_sync(work->timer);
+ ret = -EAGAIN;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Try to remove queued work before it is being executed. */
+ if (!list_empty(&work->node)) {
+ list_del_init(&work->node);
+ ret = 1;
+ }
+
+out:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static bool __cancel_kthread_work_sync(struct kthread_work *work)
+{
+ struct kthread_worker *worker;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int ret;
+
+try_again:
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ if (!try_lock_kthread_work(work)) {
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ ret = 0;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ worker = work->worker;
+
+ ret = try_to_cancel_kthread_work(work, &worker->lock, &flags);
+ if (ret == -EAGAIN)
+ goto try_again;
+
+ if (worker->current_work != work)
+ goto out_fast;
+
+ /*
+ * Need to wait until the work finished. Block queueing
+ * in the meantime.
+ */
+ work->canceling++;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&worker->lock, flags);
+ flush_kthread_work(work);
+ /*
+ * Nobody is allowed to switch the worker or queue the work
+ * when .canceling is set
+ */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&worker->lock, flags);
+ work->canceling--;
+
+out_fast:
+ /*
+ * Allow to queue the work into another worker if there is no other
+ * pending operation.
+ */
+ if (!work->canceling)
+ work->worker = NULL;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&worker->lock, flags);
+
+out:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cancel_kthread_work_sync - cancel a kthread work and wait for it to finish
+ * @work: the kthread work to cancel
+ *
+ * Cancel @work and wait for its execution to finish. This function
+ * can be used even if the work re-queues itself. On return from this
+ * function, @work is guaranteed to be not pending or executing on any CPU.
+ *
+ * The caller must ensure that the worker on which @work was last
+ * queued can't be destroyed before this function returns.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ * %true if @work was pending, %false otherwise.
+ */
+bool cancel_kthread_work_sync(struct kthread_work *work)
+{
+ /* Rather use cancel_delayed_kthread_work() for delayed works. */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(work->timer);
+
+ return __cancel_kthread_work_sync(work);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cancel_kthread_work_sync);
+
+/**
+ * cancel_delayed_kthread_work_sync - cancel a delayed kthread work and
+ * wait for it to finish.
+ * @dwork: the delayed kthread work to cancel
+ *
+ * This is cancel_kthread_work_sync() for delayed works.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ * %true if @dwork was pending, %false otherwise.
+ */
+bool cancel_delayed_kthread_work_sync(struct delayed_kthread_work *dwork)
+{
+ return __cancel_kthread_work_sync(&dwork->work);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cancel_delayed_kthread_work_sync);
+
+/**
* flush_kthread_worker - flush all current works on a kthread_worker
* @worker: worker to flush
*
--
1.8.5.6


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