lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2014]   [Jul]   [24]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH] memory-hotplug: add sysfs zone_index attribute
On 2014/7/25 1:59, Dave Hansen wrote:
> On 07/24/2014 12:41 AM, Zhang Zhen wrote:
>> Currently memory-hotplug has two limits:
>> 1. If the memory block is in ZONE_NORMAL, you can change it to
>> ZONE_MOVABLE, but this memory block must be adjacent to ZONE_MOVABLE.
>> 2. If the memory block is in ZONE_MOVABLE, you can change it to
>> ZONE_NORMAL, but this memory block must be adjacent to ZONE_NORMAL.
>>
>> Without this patch, we don't know which zone a memory block is in.
>> So we don't know which memory block is adjacent to ZONE_MOVABLE or
>> ZONE_NORMAL.
>>
>> On the other hand, with this patch, we can easy to know newly added
>> memory is added as ZONE_NORMAL (for powerpc, ZONE_DMA, for x86_32,
>> ZONE_HIGHMEM).
>
> A section can contain more than one zone. This interface will lie about
> such sections, which is quite unfortunate.
>
1. In arch_add_memory(), x86_64 add the new pages of the new memory block default to
ZONE_NORMAL (for powerpc, ZONE_DMA, for x86_32, ZONE_HIGHMEM).

2. In __offline_pages(), test_pages_in_a_zone() guaranteed the pages of a memory block
we try to offline are in the same zone. If a section contains more than one zone,
the memory block can not be offlined.

Based on the above two points, i think the pages of a memory block are in one zone, and the sections
of a memory block are in one zone.

Could you please explain in detail what is the case a section can contain more than one zone ?

Thanks for your comments!

> I'd really much rather see an interface that has a section itself
> enumerate to which zones it may be changed. The way you have it now,
> any user has to know the rules that you've laid out above. If the
> kernel changed those restrictions, we'd have to teach every application
> about the change in restrictions.
>

This interface is designed to show which zone a memory block is in. If the kernel changed those
restrictions, this interface doesn't need to change.
For a x86_64 machine booted with "mem=400M" and with 2GiB memory installed.
Sample output of the sysfs files:
# cat block_size_bytes
8000000
# cat memory0/zone_index
DMA
# cat memory1/zone_index
DMA32
# cat memory2/zone_index
DMA32
# cat memory3/zone_index
DMA32
# echo 0x20000000 > probe
# cat memory4/zone_index
Normal
# echo online > memory4/state
# cat memory4/zone_index
Normal

# echo offline > memory4/state
# echo online_movable > memory4/state
# cat memory4/zone_index
Movable

Thanks!

Best regards!
>
>
>
> .
>




\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2014-07-25 05:21    [W:0.054 / U:30.916 seconds]
©2003-2017 Jasper Spaans. hosted at Digital OceanAdvertise on this site