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Subject[PATCH 3.11 027/128] mm, pcp: allow restoring percpu_pagelist_fraction default
Date
3.11.10.14 -stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>

commit 7cd2b0a34ab8e4db971920eef8982f985441adfb upstream.

Oleg reports a division by zero error on zero-length write() to the
percpu_pagelist_fraction sysctl:

divide error: 0000 [#1] SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
CPU: 1 PID: 9142 Comm: badarea_io Not tainted 3.15.0-rc2-vm-nfs+ #19
Hardware name: Bochs Bochs, BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011
task: ffff8800d5aeb6e0 ti: ffff8800d87a2000 task.ti: ffff8800d87a2000
RIP: 0010: percpu_pagelist_fraction_sysctl_handler+0x84/0x120
RSP: 0018:ffff8800d87a3e78 EFLAGS: 00010246
RAX: 0000000000000f89 RBX: ffff88011f7fd000 RCX: 0000000000000000
RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000001 RDI: 0000000000000010
RBP: ffff8800d87a3e98 R08: ffffffff81d002c8 R09: ffff8800d87a3f50
R10: 000000000000000b R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 0000000000000060
R13: ffffffff81c3c3e0 R14: ffffffff81cfddf8 R15: ffff8801193b0800
FS: 00007f614f1e9740(0000) GS:ffff88011f440000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b
CR2: 00007f614f1fa000 CR3: 00000000d9291000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
Call Trace:
proc_sys_call_handler+0xb3/0xc0
proc_sys_write+0x14/0x20
vfs_write+0xba/0x1e0
SyS_write+0x46/0xb0
tracesys+0xe1/0xe6

However, if the percpu_pagelist_fraction sysctl is set by the user, it
is also impossible to restore it to the kernel default since the user
cannot write 0 to the sysctl.

This patch allows the user to write 0 to restore the default behavior.
It still requires a fraction equal to or larger than 8, however, as
stated by the documentation for sanity. If a value in the range [1, 7]
is written, the sysctl will return EINVAL.

This successfully solves the divide by zero issue at the same time.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reported-by: Oleg Drokin <green@linuxhacker.ru>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Luis Henriques <luis.henriques@canonical.com>
---
Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt | 3 ++-
kernel/sysctl.c | 3 +--
mm/page_alloc.c | 40 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
3 files changed, 31 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt b/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
index 36ecc26c7433..d958ed640cee 100644
--- a/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
@@ -656,7 +656,8 @@ The batch value of each per cpu pagelist is also updated as a result. It is
set to pcp->high/4. The upper limit of batch is (PAGE_SHIFT * 8)

The initial value is zero. Kernel does not use this value at boot time to set
-the high water marks for each per cpu page list.
+the high water marks for each per cpu page list. If the user writes '0' to this
+sysctl, it will revert to this default behavior.

==============================================================

diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
index 8515e5f93fc4..134216d752df 100644
--- a/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -138,7 +138,6 @@ static unsigned long dirty_bytes_min = 2 * PAGE_SIZE;
/* this is needed for the proc_dointvec_minmax for [fs_]overflow UID and GID */
static int maxolduid = 65535;
static int minolduid;
-static int min_percpu_pagelist_fract = 8;

static int ngroups_max = NGROUPS_MAX;
static const int cap_last_cap = CAP_LAST_CAP;
@@ -1293,7 +1292,7 @@ static struct ctl_table vm_table[] = {
.maxlen = sizeof(percpu_pagelist_fraction),
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = percpu_pagelist_fraction_sysctl_handler,
- .extra1 = &min_percpu_pagelist_fract,
+ .extra1 = &zero,
},
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
{
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 4b545f5595e4..6a2b267a521f 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -68,6 +68,7 @@

/* prevent >1 _updater_ of zone percpu pageset ->high and ->batch fields */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(pcp_batch_high_lock);
+#define MIN_PERCPU_PAGELIST_FRACTION (8)

#ifdef CONFIG_USE_PERCPU_NUMA_NODE_ID
DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, numa_node);
@@ -3988,7 +3989,7 @@ static void __meminit zone_init_free_lists(struct zone *zone)
memmap_init_zone((size), (nid), (zone), (start_pfn), MEMMAP_EARLY)
#endif

-static int __meminit zone_batchsize(struct zone *zone)
+static int zone_batchsize(struct zone *zone)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
int batch;
@@ -4104,8 +4105,8 @@ static void pageset_set_high(struct per_cpu_pageset *p,
pageset_update(&p->pcp, high, batch);
}

-static void __meminit pageset_set_high_and_batch(struct zone *zone,
- struct per_cpu_pageset *pcp)
+static void pageset_set_high_and_batch(struct zone *zone,
+ struct per_cpu_pageset *pcp)
{
if (percpu_pagelist_fraction)
pageset_set_high(pcp,
@@ -5689,23 +5690,38 @@ int percpu_pagelist_fraction_sysctl_handler(ctl_table *table, int write,
void __user *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct zone *zone;
- unsigned int cpu;
+ int old_percpu_pagelist_fraction;
int ret;

+ mutex_lock(&pcp_batch_high_lock);
+ old_percpu_pagelist_fraction = percpu_pagelist_fraction;
+
ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos);
- if (!write || (ret < 0))
- return ret;
+ if (!write || ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Sanity checking to avoid pcp imbalance */
+ if (percpu_pagelist_fraction &&
+ percpu_pagelist_fraction < MIN_PERCPU_PAGELIST_FRACTION) {
+ percpu_pagelist_fraction = old_percpu_pagelist_fraction;
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* No change? */
+ if (percpu_pagelist_fraction == old_percpu_pagelist_fraction)
+ goto out;

- mutex_lock(&pcp_batch_high_lock);
for_each_populated_zone(zone) {
- unsigned long high;
- high = zone->managed_pages / percpu_pagelist_fraction;
+ unsigned int cpu;
+
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
- pageset_set_high(per_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset, cpu),
- high);
+ pageset_set_high_and_batch(zone,
+ per_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset, cpu));
}
+out:
mutex_unlock(&pcp_batch_high_lock);
- return 0;
+ return ret;
}

int hashdist = HASHDIST_DEFAULT;
--
1.9.1


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