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Subject[PATCH 19/19] Documentation: ACPI for ARM64
Date
From: Graeme Gregory <graeme.gregory@linaro.org>

Add documentation for the guidelines of how to use ACPI
on ARM64.

Signed-off-by: Graeme Gregory <graeme.gregory@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Hanjun Guo <hanjun.guo@linaro.org>
---
Documentation/arm64/arm-acpi.txt | 240 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 240 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/arm64/arm-acpi.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/arm-acpi.txt b/Documentation/arm64/arm-acpi.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..12cd550
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/arm-acpi.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,240 @@
+ACPI on ARMv8 Servers
+---------------------
+
+ACPI will be used for ARMv8 general purpose servers designed to follow
+the SBSA specification (currently available to people with an ARM login at
+http://silver.arm.com)
+
+The implemented ACPI version is 5.1 + errata as released by the UEFI Forum,
+which is available at <http://www.uefi.org/acpi/specs>.
+
+If the machine does not meet these requirements then it is likely that Device
+Tree (DT) is more suitable for the hardware.
+
+Relationship with Device Tree
+-----------------------------
+
+ACPI support in drivers and subsystems for ARMv8 should never be mutually
+exclusive with DT support at compile time.
+
+At boot time the kernel will only use one description method depending on
+parameters passed from the bootloader.
+
+Regardless of whether DT or ACPI is used, the kernel must always be capable
+of booting with either scheme.
+
+When booting using ACPI tables the /chosen node in DT will still be parsed
+to extract the kernel command line and initrd path. No other section of
+the DT will be used.
+
+Booting using ACPI tables
+-------------------------
+
+Currently, the only defined method to pass ACPI tables to the kernel on ARMv8
+is via the UEFI system configuration table.
+
+The UEFI implementation MUST set the ACPI_20_TABLE_GUID to point to the
+RSDP table (the table with the ACPI signature "RSD PTR ").
+
+The pointer to the RSDP table will be retrieved from EFI by the ACPI core.
+
+Processing of ACPI tables may be disabled by passing acpi=off on the kernel
+command line.
+
+DO use an XSDT, RSDTs are deprecated and should not be used on arm64. They
+only allow for 32bit addresses.
+
+DO NOT use the 32-bit address fields in the FADT, they are deprecated, the
+64-bit alternatives MUST be used.
+
+The minimum set of tables MUST include RSDP, XSDT, FACS, FADT, DSDT, MADT
+and GTDT. If PCI is used the MCFG table MUST also be present.
+
+ACPI Detection
+--------------
+
+Drivers should determine their probe() type by checking for ACPI_HANDLE,
+or .of_node, or other information in the device structure. This is
+detailed further in the "Driver Recomendations" section.
+
+If the presence of ACPI needs to be detected at runtime, then check the value
+of acpi_disabled. If CONFIG_ACPI not being set acpi_disabled will always be 1.
+
+Device Enumeration
+------------------
+
+Device descriptions in ACPI should use standard recognised ACPI interfaces.
+These are far simpler than the information provided via Device Tree. Drivers
+should take into account this simplicity and work with sensible defaults.
+
+On no account should a Device Tree attempt to be replicated in ASL using such
+constructs as Name(KEY0, "Value1") type constructs. Additional driver specific
+data should be passed in the appropriate _DSM (ACPI Section 9.14.1) method or
+_DSD (ACPI Section 6.2.5). This data should be rare and not OS specific.
+
+Common _DSD bindings should be submitted to ASWG to be included in the
+document :-
+
+http://www.uefi.org/sites/default/files/resources/_DSD-implementation-guide-toplevel.htm
+
+TODO: Clarification and examples from Juno implementation.
+
+Programmable Power Control Resources
+------------------------------------
+
+Programmable power control resources include such resources as voltage/current
+providers (regulators) and clock sources.
+
+For power control of these resources they should be represented with Power
+Resource Objects (ACPI Section 7.1). The ACPI core will then handle correctly
+enabling/disabling of resources as they are needed.
+
+There exists in the ACPI 5.1 specification no standard binding for these objects
+to enable programmable levels or rates so this should be avoid if possible and
+the resources set to appropriate level by the firmware. If this is not possible
+then any manipulation should be abstracted in ASL.
+
+Each device in ACPI has D-states and these can be controlled through
+the optional methods _PS0..._PS3 where _PS0 is full on and _PS3 is full off.
+
+If either _PS0 or _PS3 is implemented, then the other method must also be
+implemented.
+
+If a device requires usage or setup of a power resource when on, the ASL
+should organise that it is allocated/enabled using the _PS0 method.
+
+Resources allocated/enabled in the _PS0 method should be disabled/de-allocated
+in the _PS3 method.
+
+Such code in _PS? methods will of course be very platform specific but
+should allow the driver to operate the device without special non standard
+values being read from ASL. Further, abstracting the use of these resources
+allows hardware revisions without requiring updates to the kernel.
+
+TODO: Clarification and examples from Juno implementation.
+
+Clocks
+------
+
+Like clocks that are part of the power resources there is no standard way
+to represent a clock tree in ACPI 5.1 in a similar manner to how it is
+described in DT.
+
+Devices affected by this include things like UARTs, SoC driven LCD displays,
+etc.
+
+The firmware for example UEFI should initialise these clocks to fixed working
+values before the kernel is executed. If a driver requires to know rates of
+clocks set by firmware then they can be passed to kernel using _DSD.
+
+example :-
+
+Device (CLK0) {
+ ...
+
+ Name (_DSD, Package() {
+ ToUUID("XXXXX"),
+ Package() {
+ Package(2) {"#clock-cells", 0},
+ Package(2) {"clock-frequency", "10000"}
+ }
+ })
+
+ ...
+}
+
+Device (USR1) {
+ ...
+
+ Name (_DSD, Package() {
+ ToUUID("XXXXX"),
+ Package() {
+ Package(2) {"clocks", Package() {1, ^CLK0}}},
+ }
+ })
+
+ ...
+}
+
+Driver Recommendations
+----------------------
+
+DO NOT remove any FDT handling when adding ACPI support for a driver, different
+systems may use the same device.
+
+DO try and keep complex sections of ACPI and DT functionality seperate. This
+may mean a patch to break out some complex DT to another function before
+the patch to add ACPI. This may happen in other functions but is most likely
+in probe function. This gives a clearer flow of data for reviewing driver
+source.
+
+probe() :-
+
+TODO: replace this with a specific real example from Juno?
+
+static int device_probe_dt(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ /* DT specific functionality */
+ ...
+}
+
+static int device_probe_acpi(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ /* ACPI specific functionality */
+ ...
+}
+
+static int device_probe(stuct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ ...
+ acpi_handle handle = ACPI_HANDLE(&pdev->dev);
+ struct device_node node = pdev->dev.of_node;
+ ...
+
+ if (node)
+ ret = device_probe_dt(pdev);
+ else if (handle)
+ ret = device_probe_acpi(pdev);
+ else
+ /* other initialisation */
+ ...
+ /* Continue with any generic probe operations */
+ ...
+}
+
+DO keep the MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE entries together in the driver to make it clear
+the different names the driver is probed for, both from DT and from ACPI.
+
+module device tables :-
+
+static struct of_device_id virtio_mmio_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "virtio,mmio", },
+ {},
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, virtio_mmio_match);
+
+static const struct acpi_device_id virtio_mmio_acpi_match[] = {
+ { "LNRO0005", },
+ { }
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(acpi, virtio_mmio_acpi_match);
+
+TODO: Add any other helpful rules that develop from Juno ACPI work.
+
+ASWG
+----
+
+The following areas are not yet well defined for ARM in the current ACPI
+specification and are expected to be worked through in the UEFI ACPI
+Specification Working Group (ASWG) <http://www.uefi.org/workinggroups>.
+Participation in this group is open to all UEFI members.
+
+ - ACPI based CPU topology
+ - ACPI based Power management
+ - CPU idle control based on PSCI
+ - CPU performance control (CPPC)
+
+No code shall be accepted into the kernel unless it complies with the released
+standards from UEFI ASWG. If there are features missing from ACPI to make it
+function on a platform ECRs should be submitted to ASWG and go through the
+approval process.
--
1.7.9.5


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