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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/5] SLIP: Prevent recursion stack overflow and scheduler crash
On 07/02/2013 11:31 AM, Dean Jenkins wrote:
> This is an issue when SLIP is bound to a PTY/TTY. If
> TTY_DO_WRITE_WAKEUP is set, pty_write() calls tty_wakeup()
> then slip_write_wakeup() can be called. slip_write_wakeup() can
> be called by pty_write(). This is a recursion loop.
>
> pty_write() is called in sl_encaps().
> slip_write_wakeup() can be called by the TTY wakeup event.
>
> The pty_write() call in sl_encaps() will also call
> slip_write_wakeup() but xleft has not been updated and contains
> the value from the previous SLIP frame transmission. xleft is zero
> unless the previous SLIP frame failed to be fully transmitted in
> which case xleft has a positive value. A failed transmission causes
> the next SLIP frame pending transmission to cause a crash.
>
> In the failure case when xleft is positive in slip_write_wakeup(),
> recursion causes the stack to overflow and task structures located
> near the stack are corrupted by the stack overflow. The corrupted
> task structures crash the kernel's scheduler and the system
> crashes with exception handlers crashing and the emergency reboot
> fails.
>
> The recursion loop is:
> slip_write_wakeup()-->pty_write()-->tty_wakeup()-->slip_write_wakeup()
> etc.

pty_write() calling tty_wakeup() directly is a no-no.

This is fixed in tty-next.

Regards,
Peter Hurley

> Therefore ensure xleft is zero before writing the SLIP frame to the
> PTY/TTY layers. This prevents the xleft value of the previous SLIP
> frame from interfering with the slip_write_wakeup() execution when
> SLIP is bound to a PTY/TTY.
>
> Note the transmission segmentation mechanism is broken and only a
> single call to the write() function pointer will take place per
> SLIP frame. This could cause missing or truncated SLIP frames to
> be transmitted when the write() function fails to write the complete
> frame. In other words the TTY wakeup event does nothing because
> the TTY_DO_WRITE_WAKEUP flag has been cleared.
>
> Signed-off-by: Dean Jenkins <Dean_Jenkins@mentor.com>
> ---
> drivers/net/slip/slip.c | 5 +++++
> 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/net/slip/slip.c b/drivers/net/slip/slip.c
> index bed819f..f7303e0 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/slip/slip.c
> +++ b/drivers/net/slip/slip.c
> @@ -395,6 +395,11 @@ static void sl_encaps(struct slip *sl, unsigned char *icp, int len)
> #endif
> count = slip_esc(p, sl->xbuff, len);
>
> + /* ensure xleft set by the previous SLIP frame is zero for this frame
> + * otherwise slip_write_wakeup() can cause a recursive loop.
> + */
> + sl->xleft = 0;
> +
> /* Order of next two lines is *very* important.
> * When we are sending a little amount of data,
> * the transfer may be completed inside the ops->write()
>



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