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SubjectRe: [PATCH] [RFC]power: battery: Generic battery driver using IIO
On 09/08/2012 08:10 AM, anish kumar wrote:
> Thanks for your time.
> On Fri, 2012-09-07 at 08:52 +0100, Jonathan Cameron wrote:
>> On 02/09/12 16:39, anish kumar wrote:
>>> From: anish kumar <anish198519851985@gmail.com>
>>>
>>> This patch is to use IIO to write a generic batttery driver.
>> battery
>>> There are some inherent assumptions here:
>>> 1.User is having both main battery and backup battery.
>> Seems rather like that could be easily enough relaxed or configured via
>> platform data?
> Yes
>>> 2.Both batteries use same channel to get the information.
>> Do you mean same actual channel (physical pin) or same ADC
>> (with appropriate mux etc)?
> As lars pointed out it would be better if we have multiple channels
> per battery.The channel what I am referring here is the name of
> different channels which will be exported by adc driver to get
> voltage, current and power.

I agree entirely with what Lars-Peter said. A separate instance of
the driver per battery will make life much cleaner and allow as you
say for separate channels for voltage, current and power for each one.
I guess it may be a case of trying to get each one for every battery
and continue with whatever turns out to be available.

>>>
>> Mostly fine. There are a few corners I didn't understand as I don't
>> have time to dive into the battery framework in the near future. Will
>> leave it up to those more familiar with that side of things!
>>
>> My only real issue is that it would be cleaner to do the individual
>> channels by name rather than a get all as you 'know' here how many
>> channels are expected.
> agreed.
>>
>> Also don't release the IIO channels until you are actually finished
>> using them as holding them should prevent the ADC module from going away
>> underneath you (which is nasty :)
> agreed.
>>
>> Sorry it took so long to get back to you on this.
> That is the biggest advantage of working in open-source.
> We can take our own time.
:)
>>
>> So what happened in 1985?
> Was hurrying to get an email id :)
And there I was imagining a magical significance to it....

>>
>> Jonathan
>>> Signed-off-by: anish kumar <anish198519851985@gmail.com>
>>> ---
>>> drivers/power/Kconfig | 8 +
>>> drivers/power/Makefile | 1 +
>>> drivers/power/generic-battery.c | 374 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>> include/linux/power/generic-battery.h | 26 +++
>>> 4 files changed, 409 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>>> create mode 100644 drivers/power/generic-battery.c
>>> create mode 100644 include/linux/power/generic-battery.h
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/power/Kconfig b/drivers/power/Kconfig
>>> index fcc1bb0..546e86b 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/power/Kconfig
>>> +++ b/drivers/power/Kconfig
>>> @@ -309,6 +309,14 @@ config AB8500_BATTERY_THERM_ON_BATCTRL
>>> help
>>> Say Y to enable battery temperature measurements using
>>> thermistor connected on BATCTRL ADC.
>>> +
>>> +config GENERIC_BATTERY
>>> + tristate "Generic battery support using IIO"
>>> + depends on IIO
>>> + help
>>> + Say Y here to enable support for the generic battery driver
>>> + which uses IIO framework to read adc for it's main and backup
>> ADC
>>> + battery.
>>> endif # POWER_SUPPLY
>>>
>>> source "drivers/power/avs/Kconfig"
>>> diff --git a/drivers/power/Makefile b/drivers/power/Makefile
>>> index ee58afb..8284f9c 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/power/Makefile
>>> +++ b/drivers/power/Makefile
>>> @@ -45,3 +45,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CHARGER_MAX8997) += max8997_charger.o
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_CHARGER_MAX8998) += max8998_charger.o
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_POWER_AVS) += avs/
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_CHARGER_SMB347) += smb347-charger.o
>>> +obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_BATTERY) += generic-battery.o
>>> diff --git a/drivers/power/generic-battery.c b/drivers/power/generic-battery.c
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 0000000..33170b7
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/drivers/power/generic-battery.c
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,374 @@
>>> +/*
>>> + * Generice battery driver code using IIO
>> Generic
>>> + * Copyright (C) 2012, Anish Kumar <anish198519851985@gmail.com>
>>> + * based on jz4740-battery.c
>>> + * based on s3c_adc_battery.c
>>> + *
>>> + * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
>>> + * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of this archive for
>>> + * more details.
>>> + *
>> bonus blank line to remove
>>> + */
>>> +
>>> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
>>> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
>>> +#include <linux/power_supply.h>
>>> +#include <linux/gpio.h>
>>> +#include <linux/err.h>
>>> +#include <linux/timer.h>
>>> +#include <linux/jiffies.h>
>>> +#include <linux/errno.h>
>>> +#include <linux/init.h>
>>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>>> +#include <linux/iio/consumer.h>
>>> +#include <linux/iio/types.h>
>>> +
>>> +#include <linux/power/generic-battery.h>
>>> +
>>> +#define BAT_POLL_INTERVAL 10000 /* ms */
>>> +#define JITTER_DELAY 500 /* ms */
>> Elements to make configurable?
> Yes probably make it platform data?
>>> +
>>> +enum BAT {
>>> + MAIN_BAT = 0,
>>> + BACKUP_BAT,
>>> + BAT_MAX,
>>> +};
>>> +
>> Document this please. It's not immediately obvious what
>> channel_index is.
> This will be removed as we will be using only one device.
>>
>> Why not just have a direct pointer to the correct channel?
>>> +struct generic_adc_bat {
>>> + struct power_supply psy;
>>> + struct iio_channel *channels;
>>> + int channel_index;
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +struct generic_bat {
>> Spacing is a bit random in here
>>> + struct generic_adc_bat bat[BAT_MAX];
>>> + struct generic_platform_data pdata;
>>> + int volt_value;
>>> + int cur_value;
>>> + unsigned int timestamp;
>>> + int level;
>>> + int status;
>>> + int cable_plugged:1;
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static struct generic_bat generic_bat = {
>>> + .bat[MAIN_BAT] = {
>>> + .psy.name = "main-bat",
>>> + },
>>> + .bat[BACKUP_BAT] = {
>>> + .psy.name = "backup-bat",
>>> + },
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static struct delayed_work bat_work;
>>> +
>>> +static void generic_adc_bat_ext_power_changed(struct power_supply *psy)
>>> +{
>>> + schedule_delayed_work(&bat_work,
>>> + msecs_to_jiffies(JITTER_DELAY));
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static enum power_supply_property generic_adc_main_bat_props[] = {
>>> + POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_STATUS,
>>> + POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_CHARGE_FULL_DESIGN,
>>> + POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_CHARGE_EMPTY_DESIGN,
>>> + POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_CHARGE_NOW,
>>> + POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_VOLTAGE_NOW,
>>> + POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_CURRENT_NOW,
>>> + POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_TECHNOLOGY,
>>> + POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_VOLTAGE_MIN_DESIGN,
>>> + POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_VOLTAGE_MAX_DESIGN,
>>> + POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_MODEL_NAME,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static int charge_finished(struct generic_bat *bat)
>>> +{
>>> + return bat->pdata.gpio_inverted ?
>>> + !gpio_get_value(bat->pdata.gpio_charge_finished) :
>>> + gpio_get_value(bat->pdata.gpio_charge_finished);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int generic_adc_bat_get_property(struct power_supply *psy,
>>> + enum power_supply_property psp,
>>> + union power_supply_propval *val)
>>> +{
>>> + struct generic_adc_bat *adc_bat;
>>> + struct generic_bat *bat;
>>> + int ret, scaleint, scalepart, iio_val;
>>> + long result = 0;
>>> +
>>> + if (!strcmp(psy->name, "main-battery")) {
>>> + adc_bat = container_of(psy,
>>> + struct generic_adc_bat, psy);
>> This first statement is I think shared so move it out of the if / else
> This whole logic will change as we will be using only one device and
> if has user has multiple batteries then he can register multiple
> devices.
Yes, much cleaner that way.
>>
>>> + bat = container_of(adc_bat,
>>> + struct generic_bat, bat[MAIN_BAT]);
>>> + } else if (!strcmp(psy->name, "backup-battery")) {
>>> + adc_bat = container_of(psy, struct generic_adc_bat, psy);
>>> + bat = container_of(adc_bat,
>>> + struct generic_bat, bat[BACKUP_BAT]);
>>> + } else {
>>> + /* Ideally this should never happen */
>>> + WARN_ON(1);
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + if (!bat) {
>> > + dev_err(psy->dev, "no battery infos ?!\n");
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> + ret = iio_read_channel_raw(&adc_bat->channels[adc_bat->channel_index],
>>> + &iio_val);
>>> + ret = iio_read_channel_scale(&adc_bat->channels[adc_bat->channel_index],
>>> + &scaleint, &scalepart);
>>> + if (ret < 0)
>>> + return ret;
>>> +
>> A quick comment here on what the battery framework is expecting vs IIO
>> supplying would be good. It may be that this particular output is one
>> that we should lift over into the core rather than end up with multiple
>> drivers doing the same thing.
> I think for this we need to get all the channels supported by a
> particular adc device and once we get the information regarding the
> channel(current/voltage/power) supported we can find out "What
> information is exported about this channel which may include scale or
> raw adc value".This can be used to call the corresponding API's.
Agreed. If I'd read this far I'd never have said the same thing at the top
of this email ;)
>>
>>> + switch (ret) {
>>> + case IIO_VAL_INT:
>>> + result = iio_val * scaleint;
>>> + break;
>>> + case IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_MICRO:
>>> + result = (s64)iio_val * (s64)scaleint +
>>> + div_s64((s64)iio_val * (s64)scalepart, 1000000LL);
>>> + break;
>>> + case IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_NANO:
>>> + result = (s64)iio_val * (s64)scaleint +
>>> + div_s64((s64)iio_val * (s64)scalepart, 1000000000LL);
>>> + break;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + switch (psp) {
>>> + case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_STATUS:
>>> + if (bat->pdata.gpio_charge_finished < 0)
>>> + val->intval = bat->level == 100000 ?
>>> + POWER_SUPPLY_STATUS_FULL : bat->status;
>>> + else
>>> + val->intval = bat->status;
>>> + return 0;
>>> + case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_CHARGE_EMPTY_DESIGN:
>>> + val->intval = 0;
>>> + return 0;
>>> + case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_CHARGE_NOW:
>>> + val->intval = bat->pdata.cal_charge(result);
>>> + return 0;
>>> + case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_VOLTAGE_NOW:
>>> + val->intval = result;
>>> + return 0;
>>> + case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_CURRENT_NOW:
>>> + val->intval = result;
>>> + return 0;
>> why return from these and break from the later ones (to return much the
>> same I think...)?
> my mistake.
>>> + case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_TECHNOLOGY:
>>> + val->intval = bat->pdata.battery_info.technology;
>>> + break;
>>> + case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_VOLTAGE_MIN_DESIGN:
>>> + val->intval = bat->pdata.battery_info.voltage_min_design;
>>> + break;
>>> + case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_VOLTAGE_MAX_DESIGN:
>>> + val->intval = bat->pdata.battery_info.voltage_max_design;
>>> + break;
>>> + case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_CHARGE_FULL_DESIGN:
>>> + val->intval = bat->pdata.battery_info.charge_full_design;
>>> + break;
>>> + case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_MODEL_NAME:
>>> + val->strval = bat->pdata.battery_info.name;
>>> + break;
>>> + default:
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> + }
>>> + return ret;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static void generic_adc_bat_work(struct work_struct *work)
>>> +{
>>> + struct generic_bat *bat = &generic_bat;
>>> + int is_charged;
>>> + int is_plugged;
>>> + static int was_plugged;
>> That's nasty. Prevents even the theoretical posibility of multiple
>> copies of the driver. That should be in the device specific data.
> yes should be part of device specific data.
>>> +
>>> + /* backup battery doesn't have current monitoring capability anyway */
>> Always or in this particular configuration?
> I was told by Anton Vorontsov.Anyway now this driver will be per device
> so shouldn't matter.
Maybe one day people will stick enough batteries on my phone for it to last
one whole day ;)
>>
>>> + is_plugged = power_supply_am_i_supplied(&bat->bat[MAIN_BAT].psy);
>>> + bat->cable_plugged = is_plugged;
>>> + if (is_plugged != was_plugged) {
>>> + was_plugged = is_plugged;
>>> + if (is_plugged)
>>> + bat->status = POWER_SUPPLY_STATUS_CHARGING;
>>> + else
>>> + bat->status = POWER_SUPPLY_STATUS_DISCHARGING;
>>> + } else {
>>> + if ((bat->pdata.gpio_charge_finished >= 0) && is_plugged) {
>>> + is_charged = charge_finished(&generic_bat);
>>> + if (is_charged)
>>> + bat->status = POWER_SUPPLY_STATUS_FULL;
>>> + else
>>> + bat->status = POWER_SUPPLY_STATUS_CHARGING;
>>> + }
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + power_supply_changed(&bat->bat[MAIN_BAT].psy);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static irqreturn_t generic_adc_bat_charged(int irq, void *dev_id)
>>> +{
>>> + schedule_delayed_work(&bat_work,
>>> + msecs_to_jiffies(JITTER_DELAY));
>>> + return IRQ_HANDLED;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int __devinit generic_adc_bat_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
>>> +{
>>> + struct generic_platform_data *pdata = pdev->dev.platform_data;
>>> + struct iio_channel *channels;
>>> + int num_channels = 0;
>>> + int ret, i, j, k = 0;
>>> + enum iio_chan_type type;
>>> +
>>> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(generic_bat.bat); i++) {
>>> + generic_bat.bat[i].psy.type = POWER_SUPPLY_TYPE_BATTERY;
>>> + generic_bat.bat[i].psy.properties =
>>> + generic_adc_main_bat_props;
>>> + generic_bat.bat[i].psy.num_properties =
>>> + ARRAY_SIZE(generic_adc_main_bat_props);
>>> + generic_bat.bat[i].psy.get_property =
>>> + generic_adc_bat_get_property;
>>> + generic_bat.bat[i].psy.external_power_changed =
>>> + generic_adc_bat_ext_power_changed;
>> Could you do this with a static const array? Looks like there is
>> nothing dynamic in here and that would make for cleaner code to read.
>> Given other elements of psy are clearly dynamic (dev pointer) you will
>> have to memcpy the static version in which is tedious. Still easier
>> to read though in my view.
>>> + }
> right.
>>> +
>>> + generic_bat.volt_value = -1;
>>> + generic_bat.cur_value = -1;
>>> + generic_bat.cable_plugged = 0;
>>> + generic_bat.status = POWER_SUPPLY_STATUS_DISCHARGING;
>>> +
>>> + memcpy(&generic_bat.pdata, pdata, sizeof(struct generic_platform_data));
>>> +
>> Is there anything dynamic in the pdata? If not it would be cleaner just
>> to use a pointer to it rather than make a copy (I can't immediately spot
>> anything but them I'm not familiar with the battery
>> side of things.
> We can just assign it to generic_bat so that it can be used in the
> relevant functions.Otherwise we need to use dev_set_drvdata and
> dev_get_drvdata.
>>> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(generic_bat.bat); i++) {
>>> + ret = power_supply_register(&pdev->dev,
>>> + &generic_bat.bat[i].psy);
>>> + if (ret)
>>> + goto err_reg_main;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + channels = iio_channel_get_all(dev_name(&pdev->dev));
>> I would give these explicit names and get the two individual channels by
>> name. I think it will give you cleaner code.
> Yes, now it will be based on pdata->voltage_channel,
> pdata->current_channel and so on.We will use this to get the channel.
Maybe better to just do this via the iio_map structures in the platform data
and standard naming for each channel.

"voltage", "current", "power" would do nicely. Note we'll have to add the
relevant naming for the other side to more IIO device drivers via the
'datasheet_name' element of iio_chan_spec. A quick grep shows this
is only done in drivers/staging/iio/max1363_core.c so far (bet you can't
guess what is soldered to my test board :)

>>> + if (IS_ERR(channels)) {
>>> + ret = PTR_ERR(channels);
>>> + goto err_reg_backup;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + while (channels[num_channels].indio_dev)
>>> + num_channels++;
>>> +
>>> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(generic_bat.bat); i++)
>>> + generic_bat.bat[i].channels = kzalloc(sizeof(struct iio_channel)
>>> + * BAT_MAX, GFP_KERNEL);
>>> +
>>> + /* assuming main battery and backup battery is using the same channel */
>>> + for (i = 0; i < num_channels; i++) {
>>> + ret = iio_get_channel_type(&channels[i], &type);
>> Using named channels you should 'know' you have the correct type. You
>> can of course check if you don't trust your platform data though!
> right.
>>> + if (ret < 0)
>>> + goto err_gpio;
>>> +
>>> + if (type == IIO_VOLTAGE || type == IIO_CURRENT) {
>>> + for (j = 0; j < BAT_MAX; j++) {
>>> + generic_bat.bat[j].channel_index = k;
>>> + generic_bat.bat[j].channels[k] = channels[i];
>>> + }
>>> + k++;
>>> + }
>>> + continue;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&bat_work, generic_adc_bat_work);
>>> +
>>> + if (pdata->gpio_charge_finished >= 0) {
>>> + ret = gpio_request(pdata->gpio_charge_finished, "charged");
>>> + if (ret)
>>> + goto err_gpio;
>>> +
>>> + ret = request_irq(gpio_to_irq(pdata->gpio_charge_finished),
>>> + generic_adc_bat_charged,
>>> + IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING | IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING,
>>> + "battery charged", NULL);
>>> + if (ret)
>>> + goto err_gpio;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + dev_info(&pdev->dev, "successfully loaded\n");
>>> +
>>> + /* Schedule timer to check current status */
>>> + schedule_delayed_work(&bat_work,
>>> + msecs_to_jiffies(JITTER_DELAY));
>>> +
>>> + iio_channel_release_all(channels);
>> Not if you want to prevent the adc driver from being removed from under
>> you. They should only be released in the driver removal.
> right.
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +
>>> +err_gpio:
>>> + iio_channel_release_all(channels);
>>> +err_reg_backup:
>>> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(generic_bat.bat); i++)
>>> + power_supply_unregister(&generic_bat.bat[i].psy);
>>> +err_reg_main:
>>> + return ret;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int generic_adc_bat_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
>>> +{
>>> + int i;
>>> + struct generic_platform_data *pdata = pdev->dev.platform_data;
>>> +
>>> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(generic_bat.bat); i++)
>>> + power_supply_unregister(&generic_bat.bat[i].psy);
>>
>> You should release the IIO channels here when they are no longer needed.
> right.
>>> +
>>> + if (pdata->gpio_charge_finished >= 0) {
>> I forget, is a gpio index of 0 definitely invalid?
>>> + free_irq(gpio_to_irq(pdata->gpio_charge_finished), NULL);
>>> + gpio_free(pdata->gpio_charge_finished);
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + cancel_delayed_work(&bat_work);
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_PM
>>> +static int generic_adc_bat_suspend(struct platform_device *pdev,
>>> + pm_message_t state)
>>> +{
>>> + struct generic_platform_data *pdata = pdev->dev.platform_data;
>>> + struct generic_bat *bat = container_of(pdata,
>>> + struct generic_bat, pdata);
>>> +
>>> + cancel_delayed_work_sync(&bat_work);
>>> + bat->status = POWER_SUPPLY_STATUS_UNKNOWN;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int generic_adc_bat_resume(struct platform_device *pdev)
>>> +{
>>> + /* Schedule timer to check current status */
>>> + schedule_delayed_work(&bat_work,
>>> + msecs_to_jiffies(JITTER_DELAY));
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +#else
>>> +#define generic_adc_bat_suspend NULL
>>> +#define generic_adc_bat_resume NULL
>>> +#endif
>>> +
>>> +static struct platform_driver generic_adc_bat_driver = {
>>> + .driver = {
>>> + .name = "generic-adc-battery",
>>> + },
>>> + .probe = generic_adc_bat_probe,
>>> + .remove = generic_adc_bat_remove,
>>> + .suspend = generic_adc_bat_suspend,
>>> + .resume = generic_adc_bat_resume,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +module_platform_driver(generic_adc_bat_driver);
>>> +
>>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("anish kumar <anish198519851985@gmail.com>");
>>> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("generic battery driver using IIO");
>>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/power/generic-battery.h b/include/linux/power/generic-battery.h
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 0000000..7a43aa0
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/include/linux/power/generic-battery.h
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
>>> +/*
>>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
>>> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
>>> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
>>> + */
>>> +
>>> +#ifndef GENERIC_BATTERY_H
>>> +#define GENERIC_BATTERY_H
>>> +
>>> +#include <linux/power_supply.h>
>>> +
>>> +/**
>>> + * struct generic_platform_data - platform data for generic battery
>> A little inconsistent on capitalization. (might as well do it now or
>> one of those people who delight in trivial patches will 'tidy' it
>> up for you :)
> I don't mind as it is a good start for people to get familiar with the
> linux patch process.
Can tell you don't get to deal with the tedious merge conflicts that result ;)

> However I will address this valuable comments.
>>> + * @battery_info: Information about the battery
>>> + * @cal_charge: platform callback to calculate charge
>>> + * @gpio_charge_finished: GPIO number used for interrupts
>>> + * @gpio_inverted: Is the gpio inverted?
>>> + */
>>> +struct generic_platform_data {
>>> + struct power_supply_info battery_info;
>>> + int (*cal_charge)(long);
>>> + int gpio_charge_finished;
>>> + int gpio_inverted;
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +#endif /* GENERIC_BATTERY_H */
>>>
>>
>
>


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