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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 11/12] KVM: introduce readonly memslot
On 2012-09-07 12:47, Xiao Guangrong wrote:
> On 09/07/2012 06:23 PM, Jan Kiszka wrote:
>> On 2012-08-21 05:02, Xiao Guangrong wrote:
>>> In current code, if we map a readonly memory space from host to guest
>>> and the page is not currently mapped in the host, we will get a fault
>>> pfn and async is not allowed, then the vm will crash
>>>
>>> We introduce readonly memory region to map ROM/ROMD to the guest, read access
>>> is happy for readonly memslot, write access on readonly memslot will cause
>>> KVM_EXIT_MMIO exit
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>>> ---
>>> Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt | 10 +++-
>>> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm.h | 1 +
>>> arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c | 9 ++++
>>> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 1 +
>>> include/linux/kvm.h | 6 ++-
>>> include/linux/kvm_host.h | 7 +--
>>> virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 96 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
>>> 7 files changed, 102 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
>>> index bf33aaa..b91bfd4 100644
>>> --- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
>>> +++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
>>> @@ -857,7 +857,8 @@ struct kvm_userspace_memory_region {
>>> };
>>>
>>> /* for kvm_memory_region::flags */
>>> -#define KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES 1UL
>>> +#define KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES (1UL << 0)
>>> +#define KVM_MEM_READONLY (1UL << 1)
>>>
>>> This ioctl allows the user to create or modify a guest physical memory
>>> slot. When changing an existing slot, it may be moved in the guest
>>> @@ -873,9 +874,12 @@ It is recommended that the lower 21 bits of guest_phys_addr and userspace_addr
>>> be identical. This allows large pages in the guest to be backed by large
>>> pages in the host.
>>>
>>> -The flags field supports just one flag, KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES, which
>>> +The flags field supports two flag, KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES, which
>>> instructs kvm to keep track of writes to memory within the slot. See
>>> -the KVM_GET_DIRTY_LOG ioctl.
>>> +the KVM_GET_DIRTY_LOG ioctl. Another flag is KVM_MEM_READONLY when the
>>> +KVM_CAP_READONLY_MEM capability, it indicates the guest memory is read-only,
>>> +that means, guest is only allowed to read it.
>>
>> The last sentence requires some refactoring. :) How about: "The
>> KVM_CAP_READONLY_MEM capability indicates the availability of the
>> KVM_MEM_READONLY flag. When this flag is set for a memory region, KVM
>> only allows read accesses."
>
> Undoubtedly, your sentence is far better than mine. :)
>
> By the way, this patchset has been applied on kvm -next branch, would
> you mind to post a patch to do these works.

Can do, found some more improvable parts in this IOCTL anyway.

>
>>
>>> Writes will be posted to
>>> +userspace as KVM_EXIT_MMIO exits.
>>>
>>> When the KVM_CAP_SYNC_MMU capability, changes in the backing of the memory
>>> region are automatically reflected into the guest. For example, an mmap()
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm.h
>>> index 246617e..521bf25 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm.h
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm.h
>>> @@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
>>> #define __KVM_HAVE_DEBUGREGS
>>> #define __KVM_HAVE_XSAVE
>>> #define __KVM_HAVE_XCRS
>>> +#define __KVM_HAVE_READONLY_MEM
>>>
>>> /* Architectural interrupt line count. */
>>> #define KVM_NR_INTERRUPTS 256
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
>>> index 5548971..8e312a2 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
>>> @@ -2647,6 +2647,15 @@ static void kvm_send_hwpoison_signal(unsigned long address, struct task_struct *
>>>
>>> static int kvm_handle_bad_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn, pfn_t pfn)
>>> {
>>> + /*
>>> + * Do not cache the mmio info caused by writing the readonly gfn
>>> + * into the spte otherwise read access on readonly gfn also can
>>> + * caused mmio page fault and treat it as mmio access.
>>> + * Return 1 to tell kvm to emulate it.
>>> + */
>>> + if (pfn == KVM_PFN_ERR_RO_FAULT)
>>> + return 1;
>>> +
>>> if (pfn == KVM_PFN_ERR_HWPOISON) {
>>> kvm_send_hwpoison_signal(gfn_to_hva(vcpu->kvm, gfn), current);
>>> return 0;
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>>> index 704680d..42bbf41 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>>> @@ -2175,6 +2175,7 @@ int kvm_dev_ioctl_check_extension(long ext)
>>> case KVM_CAP_GET_TSC_KHZ:
>>> case KVM_CAP_PCI_2_3:
>>> case KVM_CAP_KVMCLOCK_CTRL:
>>> + case KVM_CAP_READONLY_MEM:
>>> r = 1;
>>> break;
>>> case KVM_CAP_COALESCED_MMIO:
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/kvm.h b/include/linux/kvm.h
>>> index 2de335d..d808694 100644
>>> --- a/include/linux/kvm.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/kvm.h
>>> @@ -106,7 +106,8 @@ struct kvm_userspace_memory_region {
>>> * other bits are reserved for kvm internal use which are defined in
>>> * include/linux/kvm_host.h.
>>> */
>>> -#define KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES 1UL
>>> +#define KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES (1UL << 0)
>>> +#define KVM_MEM_READONLY (1UL << 1)
>>>
>>> /* for KVM_IRQ_LINE */
>>> struct kvm_irq_level {
>>> @@ -621,6 +622,9 @@ struct kvm_ppc_smmu_info {
>>> #define KVM_CAP_PPC_GET_SMMU_INFO 78
>>> #define KVM_CAP_S390_COW 79
>>> #define KVM_CAP_PPC_ALLOC_HTAB 80
>>> +#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_READONLY_MEM
>>> +#define KVM_CAP_READONLY_MEM 81
>>> +#endif
>>
>> See the discussion on the userspace patches: The CAP, as userspace API,
>> should really be defined unconditionally, kernel code should depend on
>> __KVM_HAVE_READONLY_MEM or a to-be-introduced CONFIG_KVM_HAVE_xxx
>> switch. This allows for cleaner userspace code.
>
> I see that using __KVM_HAVE_ around CAP in kvm.h is very popular:
>
> $ grep __KVM_HAVE include/linux/kvm.h | wc -l
> 20

Yes, mistakes of the past.

>
> As your suggestion, userspace will always use the CAP even if the CAP
> is not really supported. We do not need care the overload on other arches?

Generally, userspace can only find out if a CAP is supported by testing
during runtime. Sometimes, the CAP may also be used to switch features
that are only available on certain archs. But this particular feature
should surely become a generic one soon, and the code you could skip in
userspace is truly minimal.

Jan

--
Siemens AG, Corporate Technology, CT RTC ITP SDP-DE
Corporate Competence Center Embedded Linux


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