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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 02/23] xen/arm: hypercalls
On Wed, 8 Aug 2012, Dave Martin wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 06, 2012 at 03:27:05PM +0100, Stefano Stabellini wrote:
> > Use r12 to pass the hypercall number to the hypervisor.
> >
> > We need a register to pass the hypercall number because we might not
> > know it at compile time and HVC only takes an immediate argument.
> >
> > Among the available registers r12 seems to be the best choice because it
> > is defined as "intra-procedure call scratch register".
> >
> > Use the ISS to pass an hypervisor specific tag.
> >
> > Changes in v2:
> > - define an HYPERCALL macro for 5 arguments hypercall wrappers, even if
> > at the moment is unused;
> > - use ldm instead of pop;
> > - fix up comments.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Stefano Stabellini <stefano.stabellini@eu.citrix.com>
> > ---
> > arch/arm/include/asm/xen/hypercall.h | 50 ++++++++++++++++
> > arch/arm/xen/Makefile | 2 +-
> > arch/arm/xen/hypercall.S | 106 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 3 files changed, 157 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
> > create mode 100644 arch/arm/include/asm/xen/hypercall.h
> > create mode 100644 arch/arm/xen/hypercall.S
>
> [...]
>
> > diff --git a/arch/arm/xen/hypercall.S b/arch/arm/xen/hypercall.S
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000..074f5ed
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/arch/arm/xen/hypercall.S
> > @@ -0,0 +1,106 @@
> > +/******************************************************************************
> > + * hypercall.S
> > + *
> > + * Xen hypercall wrappers
> > + *
> > + * Stefano Stabellini <stefano.stabellini@eu.citrix.com>, Citrix, 2012
> > + *
> > + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> > + * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2
> > + * as published by the Free Software Foundation; or, when distributed
> > + * separately from the Linux kernel or incorporated into other
> > + * software packages, subject to the following license:
> > + *
> > + * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
> > + * of this source file (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without
> > + * restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify,
> > + * merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software,
> > + * and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
> > + * the following conditions:
> > + *
> > + * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
> > + * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
> > + *
> > + * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
> > + * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
> > + * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
> > + * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
> > + * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
> > + * FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS
> > + * IN THE SOFTWARE.
> > + */
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * The Xen hypercall calling convention is very similar to the ARM
> > + * procedure calling convention: the first paramter is passed in r0, the
> > + * second in r1, the third in r2 and the fourth in r3. Considering that
> > + * Xen hypercalls have 5 arguments at most, the fifth paramter is passed
> > + * in r4, differently from the procedure calling convention of using the
> > + * stack for that case.
> > + *
> > + * The hypercall number is passed in r12.
> > + *
> > + * The return value is in r0.
> > + *
> > + * The hvc ISS is required to be 0xEA1, that is the Xen specific ARM
> > + * hypercall tag.
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include <linux/linkage.h>
> > +#include <asm/assembler.h>
> > +#include <xen/interface/xen.h>
> > +
> > +
> > +/* HVC 0xEA1 */
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL
> > +#define xen_hvc .word 0xf7e08ea1
> > +#else
> > +#define xen_hvc .word 0xe140ea71
> > +#endif
>
> Consider using my opcode injection helpers patch for this (see
> separate repost: [PATCH v2 REPOST 0/4] ARM: opcodes: Facilitate custom
> opcode injection), assuming that nobody objects to it. This should mean
> that the right opcodes get generated when building a kernel for a big-
> endian target for example.
>
> I believe the __HVC(imm) macro which I put in <asm/opcodes-virt.h> as an
> example should do what you need in this case.

Sure I can do that. Maybe I'll add another patch at the end of my series
to replace xen_hvc with __HVC(0xEA1), so that it remains independent
from your series.
I have learned through experience that avoiding cross patch series
dependencies help to reduce the amount of headaches during merge windows
:)


> > +
> > +#define HYPERCALL_SIMPLE(hypercall) \
> > +ENTRY(HYPERVISOR_##hypercall) \
> > + mov r12, #__HYPERVISOR_##hypercall; \
> > + xen_hvc; \
> > + mov pc, lr; \
> > +ENDPROC(HYPERVISOR_##hypercall)
> > +
> > +#define HYPERCALL0 HYPERCALL_SIMPLE
> > +#define HYPERCALL1 HYPERCALL_SIMPLE
> > +#define HYPERCALL2 HYPERCALL_SIMPLE
> > +#define HYPERCALL3 HYPERCALL_SIMPLE
> > +#define HYPERCALL4 HYPERCALL_SIMPLE
> > +
> > +#define HYPERCALL5(hypercall) \
> > +ENTRY(HYPERVISOR_##hypercall) \
> > + stmdb sp!, {r4} \
> > + ldr r4, [sp, #4] \
> > + mov r12, #__HYPERVISOR_##hypercall; \
> > + xen_hvc \
> > + ldm sp!, {r4} \
> > + mov pc, lr \
> > +ENDPROC(HYPERVISOR_##hypercall)
> > +
> > + .text
> > +
> > +HYPERCALL2(xen_version);
> > +HYPERCALL3(console_io);
> > +HYPERCALL3(grant_table_op);
> > +HYPERCALL2(sched_op);
> > +HYPERCALL2(event_channel_op);
> > +HYPERCALL2(hvm_op);
> > +HYPERCALL2(memory_op);
> > +HYPERCALL2(physdev_op);
> > +
> > +ENTRY(privcmd_call)
> > + stmdb sp!, {r4}
> > + mov r12, r0
> > + mov r0, r1
> > + mov r1, r2
> > + mov r2, r3
> > + ldr r3, [sp, #8]
> > + ldr r4, [sp, #4]
> > + xen_hvc
> > + ldm sp!, {r4}
> > + mov pc, lr
>
> Note that the preferred entry/exit sequences in such cases are:
>
> stmfd sp!, {r4,lr}
> ...
> ldmfd sp!, {r4,pc}
>
> ...but it works either way. I would bother to change it unless you
> have other changes to make too.

Wouldn't this needlessly save and restore one more register (lr) to the
stack?
I would try to keep the hypercall wrappers as small as possible...


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