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    Subject[PATCH, RFC 0/9] Introduce huge zero page
    From: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <>

    During testing I noticed big (up to 2.5 times) memory consumption overhead
    on some workloads (e.g. ft.A from NPB) if THP is enabled.

    The main reason for that big difference is lacking zero page in THP case.
    We have to allocate a real page on read page fault.

    A program to demonstrate the issue:
    #include <assert.h>
    #include <stdlib.h>
    #include <unistd.h>

    #define MB 1024*1024

    int main(int argc, char **argv)
    char *p;
    int i;

    posix_memalign((void **)&p, 2 * MB, 200 * MB);
    for (i = 0; i < 200 * MB; i+= 4096)
    assert(p[i] == 0);
    return 0;

    With thp-never RSS is about 400k, but with thp-always it's 200M.
    After the patcheset thp-always RSS is 400k too.

    H. Peter Anvin proposed to use a "virtual huge zero page" -- a pmd table
    with all pte set to 4k zero page. I haven't tried that approach and I'm
    not sure if it's good idea (cache vs. tlb trashing). And I guess it will
    require more code to handle.
    For now, I just allocate 2M page and use it.

    Kirill A. Shutemov (9):
    thp: huge zero page: basic preparation
    thp: zap_huge_pmd(): zap huge zero pmd
    thp: copy_huge_pmd(): copy huge zero page
    thp: do_huge_pmd_wp_page(): handle huge zero page
    thp: change_huge_pmd(): keep huge zero page write-protected
    thp: add address parameter to split_huge_page_pmd()
    thp: implement splitting pmd for huge zero page
    thp: setup huge zero page on non-write page fault
    thp: lazy huge zero page allocation

    Documentation/vm/transhuge.txt | 4 +-
    arch/x86/kernel/vm86_32.c | 2 +-
    fs/proc/task_mmu.c | 2 +-
    include/linux/huge_mm.h | 10 +-
    include/linux/mm.h | 8 ++
    mm/huge_memory.c | 228 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
    mm/memory.c | 11 +--
    mm/mempolicy.c | 2 +-
    mm/mprotect.c | 2 +-
    mm/mremap.c | 3 +-
    mm/pagewalk.c | 2 +-
    11 files changed, 226 insertions(+), 48 deletions(-)


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