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Subject[PATCH 4/6] mm: compaction: Capture a suitable high-order page immediately when it is made available
Date
While compaction is moving pages to free up large contiguous blocks for
allocation it races with other allocation requests that may steal these
blocks or break them up. This patch alters direct compaction to capture a
suitable free page as soon as it becomes available to reduce this race. It
uses similar logic to split_free_page() to ensure that watermarks are
still obeyed.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
---
include/linux/compaction.h | 4 +--
include/linux/mm.h | 1 +
mm/compaction.c | 71 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
mm/internal.h | 1 +
mm/page_alloc.c | 63 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
5 files changed, 111 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/compaction.h b/include/linux/compaction.h
index 51a90b7..5673459 100644
--- a/include/linux/compaction.h
+++ b/include/linux/compaction.h
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ extern int sysctl_extfrag_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
extern int fragmentation_index(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order);
extern unsigned long try_to_compact_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,
int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *mask,
- bool sync);
+ bool sync, struct page **page);
extern int compact_pgdat(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order);
extern unsigned long compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order);

@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@ static inline bool compaction_deferred(struct zone *zone, int order)
#else
static inline unsigned long try_to_compact_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,
int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask,
- bool sync)
+ bool sync, struct page **page)
{
return COMPACT_CONTINUE;
}
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index b36d08c..0812e86 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -454,6 +454,7 @@ void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages);

void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
int split_free_page(struct page *page);
+int capture_free_page(struct page *page, int alloc_order, int migratetype);

/*
* Compound pages have a destructor function. Provide a
diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
index 95ca967..63af8d2 100644
--- a/mm/compaction.c
+++ b/mm/compaction.c
@@ -50,6 +50,41 @@ static inline bool migrate_async_suitable(int migratetype)
return is_migrate_cma(migratetype) || migratetype == MIGRATE_MOVABLE;
}

+static void compact_capture_page(struct compact_control *cc)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int mtype;
+
+ if (!cc->page || *cc->page)
+ return;
+
+ /* Speculatively examine the free lists without zone lock */
+ for (mtype = 0; mtype < MIGRATE_PCPTYPES; mtype++) {
+ int order;
+ for (order = cc->order; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) {
+ struct page *page;
+ struct free_area *area;
+ area = &(cc->zone->free_area[order]);
+ if (list_empty(&area->free_list[mtype]))
+ continue;
+
+ /* Take the lock and attempt capture of the page */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&cc->zone->lock, flags);
+ if (!list_empty(&area->free_list[mtype])) {
+ page = list_entry(area->free_list[mtype].next,
+ struct page, lru);
+ if (capture_free_page(page, cc->order, mtype)) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cc->zone->lock,
+ flags);
+ *cc->page = page;
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cc->zone->lock, flags);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
/*
* Isolate free pages onto a private freelist. Caller must hold zone->lock.
* If @strict is true, will abort returning 0 on any invalid PFNs or non-free
@@ -561,7 +596,6 @@ static isolate_migrate_t isolate_migratepages(struct zone *zone,
static int compact_finished(struct zone *zone,
struct compact_control *cc)
{
- unsigned int order;
unsigned long watermark;

if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
@@ -586,14 +620,22 @@ static int compact_finished(struct zone *zone,
return COMPACT_CONTINUE;

/* Direct compactor: Is a suitable page free? */
- for (order = cc->order; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) {
- /* Job done if page is free of the right migratetype */
- if (!list_empty(&zone->free_area[order].free_list[cc->migratetype]))
- return COMPACT_PARTIAL;
-
- /* Job done if allocation would set block type */
- if (order >= pageblock_order && zone->free_area[order].nr_free)
+ if (cc->page) {
+ /* Was a suitable page captured? */
+ if (*cc->page)
return COMPACT_PARTIAL;
+ } else {
+ unsigned int order;
+ for (order = cc->order; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) {
+ struct free_area *area = &zone->free_area[cc->order];
+ /* Job done if page is free of the right migratetype */
+ if (!list_empty(&area->free_list[cc->migratetype]))
+ return COMPACT_PARTIAL;
+
+ /* Job done if allocation would set block type */
+ if (cc->order >= pageblock_order && area->nr_free)
+ return COMPACT_PARTIAL;
+ }
}

return COMPACT_CONTINUE;
@@ -708,6 +750,10 @@ static int compact_zone(struct zone *zone, struct compact_control *cc)
goto out;
}
}
+
+ /* Capture a page now if it is a suitable size */
+ if (cc->migratetype == MIGRATE_MOVABLE)
+ compact_capture_page(cc);
}

out:
@@ -720,7 +766,7 @@ out:

static unsigned long compact_zone_order(struct zone *zone,
int order, gfp_t gfp_mask,
- bool sync)
+ bool sync, struct page **page)
{
struct compact_control cc = {
.nr_freepages = 0,
@@ -729,6 +775,7 @@ static unsigned long compact_zone_order(struct zone *zone,
.migratetype = allocflags_to_migratetype(gfp_mask),
.zone = zone,
.sync = sync,
+ .page = page,
};
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cc.freepages);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cc.migratepages);
@@ -750,7 +797,7 @@ int sysctl_extfrag_threshold = 500;
*/
unsigned long try_to_compact_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,
int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask,
- bool sync)
+ bool sync, struct page **page)
{
enum zone_type high_zoneidx = gfp_zone(gfp_mask);
int may_enter_fs = gfp_mask & __GFP_FS;
@@ -770,7 +817,7 @@ unsigned long try_to_compact_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,
nodemask) {
int status;

- status = compact_zone_order(zone, order, gfp_mask, sync);
+ status = compact_zone_order(zone, order, gfp_mask, sync, page);
rc = max(status, rc);

/* If a normal allocation would succeed, stop compacting */
@@ -825,6 +872,7 @@ int compact_pgdat(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order)
struct compact_control cc = {
.order = order,
.sync = false,
+ .page = NULL,
};

return __compact_pgdat(pgdat, &cc);
@@ -835,6 +883,7 @@ static int compact_node(int nid)
struct compact_control cc = {
.order = -1,
.sync = true,
+ .page = NULL,
};

return __compact_pgdat(NODE_DATA(nid), &cc);
diff --git a/mm/internal.h b/mm/internal.h
index 2ba87fb..9156714 100644
--- a/mm/internal.h
+++ b/mm/internal.h
@@ -124,6 +124,7 @@ struct compact_control {
int order; /* order a direct compactor needs */
int migratetype; /* MOVABLE, RECLAIMABLE etc */
struct zone *zone;
+ struct page **page; /* Page captured of requested size */
};

unsigned long
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 4a4f921..adc3aa8 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -1374,16 +1374,11 @@ void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
}

/*
- * Similar to split_page except the page is already free. As this is only
- * being used for migration, the migratetype of the block also changes.
- * As this is called with interrupts disabled, the caller is responsible
- * for calling arch_alloc_page() and kernel_map_page() after interrupts
- * are enabled.
- *
- * Note: this is probably too low level an operation for use in drivers.
- * Please consult with lkml before using this in your driver.
+ * Similar to the split_page family of functions except that the page
+ * required at the given order and being isolated now to prevent races
+ * with parallel allocators
*/
-int split_free_page(struct page *page)
+int capture_free_page(struct page *page, int alloc_order, int migratetype)
{
unsigned int order;
unsigned long watermark;
@@ -1405,10 +1400,11 @@ int split_free_page(struct page *page)
rmv_page_order(page);
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES, -(1UL << order));

- /* Split into individual pages */
- set_page_refcounted(page);
- split_page(page, order);
+ if (alloc_order != order)
+ expand(zone, page, alloc_order, order,
+ &zone->free_area[order], migratetype);

+ /* Set the pageblock if the captured page is at least a pageblock */
if (order >= pageblock_order - 1) {
struct page *endpage = page + (1 << order) - 1;
for (; page < endpage; page += pageblock_nr_pages) {
@@ -1419,7 +1415,35 @@ int split_free_page(struct page *page)
}
}

- return 1 << order;
+ return 1UL << order;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Similar to split_page except the page is already free. As this is only
+ * being used for migration, the migratetype of the block also changes.
+ * As this is called with interrupts disabled, the caller is responsible
+ * for calling arch_alloc_page() and kernel_map_page() after interrupts
+ * are enabled.
+ *
+ * Note: this is probably too low level an operation for use in drivers.
+ * Please consult with lkml before using this in your driver.
+ */
+int split_free_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ unsigned int order;
+ int nr_pages;
+
+ BUG_ON(!PageBuddy(page));
+ order = page_order(page);
+
+ nr_pages = capture_free_page(page, order, 0);
+ if (!nr_pages)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Split into individual pages */
+ set_page_refcounted(page);
+ split_page(page, order);
+ return nr_pages;
}

/*
@@ -2065,7 +2089,7 @@ __alloc_pages_direct_compact(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order,
bool *deferred_compaction,
unsigned long *did_some_progress)
{
- struct page *page;
+ struct page *page = NULL;

if (!order)
return NULL;
@@ -2077,10 +2101,16 @@ __alloc_pages_direct_compact(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order,

current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC;
*did_some_progress = try_to_compact_pages(zonelist, order, gfp_mask,
- nodemask, sync_migration);
+ nodemask, sync_migration, &page);
current->flags &= ~PF_MEMALLOC;
- if (*did_some_progress != COMPACT_SKIPPED) {

+ /* If compaction captured a page, prep and use it */
+ if (page) {
+ prep_new_page(page, order, gfp_mask);
+ goto got_page;
+ }
+
+ if (*did_some_progress != COMPACT_SKIPPED) {
/* Page migration frees to the PCP lists but we want merging */
drain_pages(get_cpu());
put_cpu();
@@ -2090,6 +2120,7 @@ __alloc_pages_direct_compact(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order,
alloc_flags, preferred_zone,
migratetype);
if (page) {
+got_page:
preferred_zone->compact_considered = 0;
preferred_zone->compact_defer_shift = 0;
if (order >= preferred_zone->compact_order_failed)
--
1.7.9.2


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