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Subject[ 01/70] sched: Fix race in task_group()
3.2-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------
From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

commit 8323f26ce3425460769605a6aece7a174edaa7d1 upstream

Stefan reported a crash on a kernel before a3e5d1091c1 ("sched:
Don't call task_group() too many times in set_task_rq()"), he
found the reason to be that the multiple task_group()
invocations in set_task_rq() returned different values.

Looking at all that I found a lack of serialization and plain
wrong comments.

The below tries to fix it using an extra pointer which is
updated under the appropriate scheduler locks. Its not pretty,
but I can't really see another way given how all the cgroup
stuff works.

Reported-and-tested-by: Stefan Bader <stefan.bader@canonical.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1340364965.18025.71.camel@twins
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

(backported to previous file names and layout)
Signed-off-by: Stefan Bader <stefan.bader@canonical.com>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>
---
include/linux/init_task.h | 12 +++++++++++-
include/linux/sched.h | 5 ++++-
kernel/sched.c | 32 ++++++++++++++++++--------------
3 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/init_task.h b/include/linux/init_task.h
index 32574ee..13b2684 100644
--- a/include/linux/init_task.h
+++ b/include/linux/init_task.h
@@ -117,8 +117,17 @@ extern struct group_info init_groups;

extern struct cred init_cred;

+extern struct task_group root_task_group;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED
+# define INIT_CGROUP_SCHED(tsk) \
+ .sched_task_group = &root_task_group,
+#else
+# define INIT_CGROUP_SCHED(tsk)
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS
-# define INIT_PERF_EVENTS(tsk) \
+# define INIT_PERF_EVENTS(tsk) \
.perf_event_mutex = \
__MUTEX_INITIALIZER(tsk.perf_event_mutex), \
.perf_event_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk.perf_event_list),
@@ -155,6 +164,7 @@ extern struct cred init_cred;
}, \
.tasks = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk.tasks), \
INIT_PUSHABLE_TASKS(tsk) \
+ INIT_CGROUP_SCHED(tsk) \
.ptraced = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk.ptraced), \
.ptrace_entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk.ptrace_entry), \
.real_parent = &tsk, \
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 5afa2a3..d404c12 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1235,6 +1235,9 @@ struct task_struct {
const struct sched_class *sched_class;
struct sched_entity se;
struct sched_rt_entity rt;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED
+ struct task_group *sched_task_group;
+#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
/* list of struct preempt_notifier: */
@@ -2645,7 +2648,7 @@ extern int sched_group_set_rt_period(struct task_group *tg,
extern long sched_group_rt_period(struct task_group *tg);
extern int sched_rt_can_attach(struct task_group *tg, struct task_struct *tsk);
#endif
-#endif
+#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED */

extern int task_can_switch_user(struct user_struct *up,
struct task_struct *tsk);
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 52ac69b..cd9c72e 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -746,22 +746,19 @@ static inline int cpu_of(struct rq *rq)
/*
* Return the group to which this tasks belongs.
*
- * We use task_subsys_state_check() and extend the RCU verification with
- * pi->lock and rq->lock because cpu_cgroup_attach() holds those locks for each
- * task it moves into the cgroup. Therefore by holding either of those locks,
- * we pin the task to the current cgroup.
+ * We cannot use task_subsys_state() and friends because the cgroup
+ * subsystem changes that value before the cgroup_subsys::attach() method
+ * is called, therefore we cannot pin it and might observe the wrong value.
+ *
+ * The same is true for autogroup's p->signal->autogroup->tg, the autogroup
+ * core changes this before calling sched_move_task().
+ *
+ * Instead we use a 'copy' which is updated from sched_move_task() while
+ * holding both task_struct::pi_lock and rq::lock.
*/
static inline struct task_group *task_group(struct task_struct *p)
{
- struct task_group *tg;
- struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;
-
- css = task_subsys_state_check(p, cpu_cgroup_subsys_id,
- lockdep_is_held(&p->pi_lock) ||
- lockdep_is_held(&task_rq(p)->lock));
- tg = container_of(css, struct task_group, css);
-
- return autogroup_task_group(p, tg);
+ return p->sched_task_group;
}

/* Change a task's cfs_rq and parent entity if it moves across CPUs/groups */
@@ -2372,7 +2369,7 @@ void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int new_cpu)
* a task's CPU. ->pi_lock for waking tasks, rq->lock for runnable tasks.
*
* sched_move_task() holds both and thus holding either pins the cgroup,
- * see set_task_rq().
+ * see task_group().
*
* Furthermore, all task_rq users should acquire both locks, see
* task_rq_lock().
@@ -8892,6 +8889,7 @@ void sched_destroy_group(struct task_group *tg)
*/
void sched_move_task(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
+ struct task_group *tg;
int on_rq, running;
unsigned long flags;
struct rq *rq;
@@ -8906,6 +8904,12 @@ void sched_move_task(struct task_struct *tsk)
if (unlikely(running))
tsk->sched_class->put_prev_task(rq, tsk);

+ tg = container_of(task_subsys_state_check(tsk, cpu_cgroup_subsys_id,
+ lockdep_is_held(&tsk->sighand->siglock)),
+ struct task_group, css);
+ tg = autogroup_task_group(tsk, tg);
+ tsk->sched_task_group = tg;
+
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
if (tsk->sched_class->task_move_group)
tsk->sched_class->task_move_group(tsk, on_rq);




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