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Subject[ 03/44] nilfs2: fix deadlock issue between chcp and thaw ioctls
Date
From: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

3.0-stable review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Ryusuke Konishi <konishi.ryusuke@lab.ntt.co.jp>

commit 572d8b3945a31bee7c40d21556803e4807fd9141 upstream.

An fs-thaw ioctl causes deadlock with a chcp or mkcp -s command:

chcp D ffff88013870f3d0 0 1325 1324 0x00000004
...
Call Trace:
nilfs_transaction_begin+0x11c/0x1a0 [nilfs2]
wake_up_bit+0x20/0x20
copy_from_user+0x18/0x30 [nilfs2]
nilfs_ioctl_change_cpmode+0x7d/0xcf [nilfs2]
nilfs_ioctl+0x252/0x61a [nilfs2]
do_page_fault+0x311/0x34c
get_unmapped_area+0x132/0x14e
do_vfs_ioctl+0x44b/0x490
__set_task_blocked+0x5a/0x61
vm_mmap_pgoff+0x76/0x87
__set_current_blocked+0x30/0x4a
sys_ioctl+0x4b/0x6f
system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
thaw D ffff88013870d890 0 1352 1351 0x00000004
...
Call Trace:
rwsem_down_failed_common+0xdb/0x10f
call_rwsem_down_write_failed+0x13/0x20
down_write+0x25/0x27
thaw_super+0x13/0x9e
do_vfs_ioctl+0x1f5/0x490
vm_mmap_pgoff+0x76/0x87
sys_ioctl+0x4b/0x6f
filp_close+0x64/0x6c
system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b

where the thaw ioctl deadlocked at thaw_super() when called while chcp was
waiting at nilfs_transaction_begin() called from
nilfs_ioctl_change_cpmode(). This deadlock is 100% reproducible.

This is because nilfs_ioctl_change_cpmode() first locks sb->s_umount in
read mode and then waits for unfreezing in nilfs_transaction_begin(),
whereas thaw_super() locks sb->s_umount in write mode. The locking of
sb->s_umount here was intended to make snapshot mounts and the downgrade
of snapshots to checkpoints exclusive.

This fixes the deadlock issue by replacing the sb->s_umount usage in
nilfs_ioctl_change_cpmode() with a dedicated mutex which protects snapshot
mounts.

Signed-off-by: Ryusuke Konishi <konishi.ryusuke@lab.ntt.co.jp>
Cc: Fernando Luis Vazquez Cao <fernando@oss.ntt.co.jp>
Tested-by: Ryusuke Konishi <konishi.ryusuke@lab.ntt.co.jp>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
fs/nilfs2/ioctl.c | 4 ++--
fs/nilfs2/super.c | 3 +++
fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.c | 1 +
fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.h | 2 ++
4 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/fs/nilfs2/ioctl.c
+++ b/fs/nilfs2/ioctl.c
@@ -182,7 +182,7 @@ static int nilfs_ioctl_change_cpmode(str
if (copy_from_user(&cpmode, argp, sizeof(cpmode)))
goto out;

- down_read(&inode->i_sb->s_umount);
+ mutex_lock(&nilfs->ns_snapshot_mount_mutex);

nilfs_transaction_begin(inode->i_sb, &ti, 0);
ret = nilfs_cpfile_change_cpmode(
@@ -192,7 +192,7 @@ static int nilfs_ioctl_change_cpmode(str
else
nilfs_transaction_commit(inode->i_sb); /* never fails */

- up_read(&inode->i_sb->s_umount);
+ mutex_unlock(&nilfs->ns_snapshot_mount_mutex);
out:
mnt_drop_write(filp->f_path.mnt);
return ret;
--- a/fs/nilfs2/super.c
+++ b/fs/nilfs2/super.c
@@ -951,6 +951,8 @@ static int nilfs_attach_snapshot(struct
struct nilfs_root *root;
int ret;

+ mutex_lock(&nilfs->ns_snapshot_mount_mutex);
+
down_read(&nilfs->ns_segctor_sem);
ret = nilfs_cpfile_is_snapshot(nilfs->ns_cpfile, cno);
up_read(&nilfs->ns_segctor_sem);
@@ -975,6 +977,7 @@ static int nilfs_attach_snapshot(struct
ret = nilfs_get_root_dentry(s, root, root_dentry);
nilfs_put_root(root);
out:
+ mutex_unlock(&nilfs->ns_snapshot_mount_mutex);
return ret;
}

--- a/fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.c
+++ b/fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.c
@@ -76,6 +76,7 @@ struct the_nilfs *alloc_nilfs(struct blo
nilfs->ns_bdev = bdev;
atomic_set(&nilfs->ns_ndirtyblks, 0);
init_rwsem(&nilfs->ns_sem);
+ mutex_init(&nilfs->ns_snapshot_mount_mutex);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&nilfs->ns_dirty_files);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&nilfs->ns_gc_inodes);
spin_lock_init(&nilfs->ns_inode_lock);
--- a/fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.h
+++ b/fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.h
@@ -47,6 +47,7 @@ enum {
* @ns_flags: flags
* @ns_bdev: block device
* @ns_sem: semaphore for shared states
+ * @ns_snapshot_mount_mutex: mutex to protect snapshot mounts
* @ns_sbh: buffer heads of on-disk super blocks
* @ns_sbp: pointers to super block data
* @ns_sbwtime: previous write time of super block
@@ -99,6 +100,7 @@ struct the_nilfs {

struct block_device *ns_bdev;
struct rw_semaphore ns_sem;
+ struct mutex ns_snapshot_mount_mutex;

/*
* used for



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