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SubjectRe: [PATCH] usb: host: xhci: Fix Compliance Mode on SN65LVPE502CP Hardware
On Wed, Aug 01, 2012 at 05:36:52PM -0500, Alexis R. Cortes wrote:
> This patch is intended to work around a known issue on the
> SN65LVPE502CP USB3.0 re-driver that can delay the negotiation
> between a device and the host past the usual handshake timeout,

<br> Paragraphs, please. :)

> if that happens on the first insertion, the host controller
> port will enter in Compliance Mode as per xHCI Spec, thus causing
> the port to become Unusable.

Please describe what you mean by "unusable", and what the visible signs
to a user would be when they hit this bug. That will help anyone who
may be encountering this bug on a system different than the HP ones.
For example:

When the port goes into compliance mode, the xHCI driver doesn't get a
port status event. The port will remain in compliance mode, and no
device connections or disconnections will be detected. The port will
seem "dead" to the user. lsusb will report the port is in compliance
mode.

<br>

> This patch creates a timer which polls
> every 2 seconds the link state of each host controller's port (this
> by reading the PORTSC register) and recovers the port by issuing a
> Warm reset every time Compliance mode is detected.

<br>

> Since the issue
> is being caused by a pice of hardware, the timer will be enabled
> ONLY on those systems that have the SN65LVPE502CP installed (this
> patch uses DMI strings for detecting those systems), therefore
> making this patch to act as a quirk (XHCI_COMP_MODE_QUIRK has been
> added to the xhci stack).

Please mention the exact systems you're enabling them for; don't just
say the DMI strings are in the code. After all, you could have meant a
different system than you coded for. Plus, then people will be able to
quickly know whether this patch applies to their system just by looking
at the patch description.
More coding style comments below.

> Signed-off-by: Alexis R. Cortes <alexis.cortes@ti.com>
> ---
> drivers/usb/host/xhci-hub.c | 28 +++++++++++++++
> drivers/usb/host/xhci.c | 81 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/usb/host/xhci.h | 6 +++
> 3 files changed, 115 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/xhci-hub.c b/drivers/usb/host/xhci-hub.c
> index 7b01094..ce4b181 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/host/xhci-hub.c
> +++ b/drivers/usb/host/xhci-hub.c
> @@ -493,7 +493,19 @@ static void xhci_hub_report_link_state(u32 *status, u32 status_reg)
> * when this bit is set.
> */
> pls |= USB_PORT_STAT_CONNECTION;
> + } else {
> + /*
> + * If CAS bit isn't set but the Port is already at
> + * Compliance Mode, fake a connection so the USB core
> + * notices the Compliance state and resets the port.
> + * This resolves an issue generated by the SN65LVPE502CP
> + * in which sometimes the port enters compliance mode
> + * caused by a delay on the host-device negotiation.
> + */
> + if (pls == USB_SS_PORT_LS_COMP_MOD)
> + pls |= USB_PORT_STAT_CONNECTION;
> }
> +
> /* update status field */
> *status |= pls;
> }
> @@ -645,6 +657,22 @@ int xhci_hub_control(struct usb_hcd *hcd, u16 typeReq, u16 wValue,
> /* Update Port Link State for super speed ports*/
> if (hcd->speed == HCD_USB3) {
> xhci_hub_report_link_state(&status, temp);
> + /*
> + * Verify if all USB3 Ports Have entered U0. Delete compliance
> + * mode timer if so.
> + */
> + if (xhci->quirks & XHCI_COMP_MODE_QUIRK) {
> + if (xhci->port_status_u0 != ((1 << xhci->num_usb3_ports)-1)) {
> + if ((temp & PORT_PLS_MASK) == XDEV_U0) {
> + xhci->port_status_u0 |= 1 << wIndex;
> + if (xhci->port_status_u0 == ((1 << xhci->num_usb3_ports)-1)) {
> + del_timer_sync(&xhci->comp_mode_recovery_timer);
> + xhci_dbg(xhci, "Compliance Mode Recovery Timer Deleted. "
> + "All USB3 ports have entered U0 at least once.\n");
> + }
> + }
> + }
> + }
> }
> if (bus_state->port_c_suspend & (1 << wIndex))
> status |= 1 << USB_PORT_FEAT_C_SUSPEND;
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/xhci.c b/drivers/usb/host/xhci.c
> index a979cd0..fea738b 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/host/xhci.c
> +++ b/drivers/usb/host/xhci.c
> @@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
> #include <linux/module.h>
> #include <linux/moduleparam.h>
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/dmi.h>
>
> #include "xhci.h"
>
> @@ -397,6 +398,62 @@ static void xhci_msix_sync_irqs(struct xhci_hcd *xhci)
>
> #endif
>
> +static void compliance_mode_recovery(unsigned long arg)
> +{
> + struct xhci_hcd *xhci;
> + struct usb_hcd *hcd;
> + u32 temp;
> + int i;
> +
> + xhci = (struct xhci_hcd *)arg;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < xhci->num_usb3_ports; i++) {
> + temp = xhci_readl(xhci, xhci->usb3_ports[i]);
> + if ((temp & PORT_PLS_MASK) == USB_SS_PORT_LS_COMP_MOD) {
> + /* Compliance Mode Detected. Letting USB Core handle the Warm Reset */

Comment too long, please break it up like so:

/*
* This is a really long comment.
* With two lines.
*/
> + xhci_dbg(xhci, "Compliance Mode Detected on port %d! Attempting recovery routine.\n", i + 1);

dmesg output should be short and sweet, hopefully less than 80
characters long. Try breaking it up into separate xhci_dbg statements.

> + hcd = xhci->shared_hcd;
> +
> + if (hcd->state == HC_STATE_SUSPENDED)
> + usb_hcd_resume_root_hub(hcd);
> +
> + usb_hcd_poll_rh_status(hcd);
> + }
> + }
> +
> + if (xhci->port_status_u0 != ((1 << xhci->num_usb3_ports)-1))
> + mod_timer(&xhci->comp_mode_recovery_timer, jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(COMP_MODE_RCVRY_MSECS));

Please break this function call into multiple lines.

> +}
> +
> +static void compliance_mode_recovery_timer_init(struct xhci_hcd *xhci)
> +{
> + xhci->port_status_u0 = 0;
> + init_timer(&xhci->comp_mode_recovery_timer);
<br>
> + xhci->comp_mode_recovery_timer.data = (unsigned long) xhci;
> + xhci->comp_mode_recovery_timer.function = compliance_mode_recovery;
> + xhci->comp_mode_recovery_timer.expires = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(COMP_MODE_RCVRY_MSECS);
<br>
> + set_timer_slack(&xhci->comp_mode_recovery_timer, msecs_to_jiffies(COMP_MODE_RCVRY_MSECS));
> + add_timer(&xhci->comp_mode_recovery_timer);
> + xhci_dbg(xhci, "Compliance Mode Recovery Timer Initialized.\n");
> +}
> +

Please add a function comment to briefly describe what this quirk does,
and why you need it. Then someone that's just reading the code won't
have to dig out the commit that added it.

> +static bool compliance_mode_recovery_timer_quirk_check(void)
> +{
> + const char *dmi_product_name, *dmi_sys_vendor;
> +
> + dmi_product_name = dmi_get_system_info(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME);
> + dmi_sys_vendor = dmi_get_system_info(DMI_SYS_VENDOR);
> +
> + if (strstr(dmi_sys_vendor, "Hewlett-Packard")) {
> + if (strstr(dmi_product_name, "Z420") || strstr(dmi_product_name, "Z620") ||
> + strstr(dmi_product_name, "Z820")) {
> + return true;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Initialize memory for HCD and xHC (one-time init).
> *
> @@ -420,6 +477,12 @@ int xhci_init(struct usb_hcd *hcd)
> retval = xhci_mem_init(xhci, GFP_KERNEL);
> xhci_dbg(xhci, "Finished xhci_init\n");
>
> + /* Initializing Compliance Mode Recovery Data If Needed */
> + if (compliance_mode_recovery_timer_quirk_check()) {
> + xhci->quirks |= XHCI_COMP_MODE_QUIRK;
> + compliance_mode_recovery_timer_init(xhci);
> + }
> +
> return retval;
> }
>
> @@ -628,6 +691,10 @@ void xhci_stop(struct usb_hcd *hcd)
> del_timer_sync(&xhci->event_ring_timer);
> #endif
>
> + /* Deleting Compliance Mode Recovery Timer */
> + if ((xhci->quirks & XHCI_COMP_MODE_QUIRK) && (xhci->port_status_u0 != ((1 << xhci->num_usb3_ports)-1)))

Ok, you're using this conditional enough times that you need a separate
function call for it. E.g.

int xhci_all_ports_seen_u0(struct xhci_hcd *xhci)
{
return xhci->port_status_u0 == ((1 << xhci->num_usb3_ports) - 1);
}
Then if you find later you've gotten the math wrong, you only have to
change it in one place.

> + del_timer_sync(&xhci->comp_mode_recovery_timer);
> +
> if (xhci->quirks & XHCI_AMD_PLL_FIX)
> usb_amd_dev_put();
>
> @@ -802,6 +869,15 @@ int xhci_suspend(struct xhci_hcd *xhci)
> }
> spin_unlock_irq(&xhci->lock);
>
> + /*
> + * Deleting Compliance Mode Recovery Timer because the xHCI Host
> + * is about to be suspended.
> + */
> + if ((xhci->quirks & XHCI_COMP_MODE_QUIRK) && (xhci->port_status_u0 != ((1 << xhci->num_usb3_ports)-1))) {

Another instance where you use that conditional.

> + del_timer_sync(&xhci->comp_mode_recovery_timer);
> + xhci_dbg(xhci, "Compliance Mode Recovery Timer Deleted - xHC suspended\n");
> + }
> +
> /* step 5: remove core well power */
> /* synchronize irq when using MSI-X */
> xhci_msix_sync_irqs(xhci);
> @@ -934,6 +1010,11 @@ int xhci_resume(struct xhci_hcd *xhci, bool hibernated)
> usb_hcd_resume_root_hub(hcd);
> usb_hcd_resume_root_hub(xhci->shared_hcd);
> }
> +
> + /* Initializing Compliance Mode Recovery Timer */

The function name is pretty self explanatory, so you don't need this
comment.

> + if (xhci->quirks & XHCI_COMP_MODE_QUIRK)
> + compliance_mode_recovery_timer_init(xhci);
> +
> return retval;
> }
> #endif /* CONFIG_PM */
> diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/xhci.h b/drivers/usb/host/xhci.h
> index 55c0785..f1e7874 100644
> --- a/drivers/usb/host/xhci.h
> +++ b/drivers/usb/host/xhci.h
> @@ -1494,6 +1494,7 @@ struct xhci_hcd {
> #define XHCI_TRUST_TX_LENGTH (1 << 10)
> #define XHCI_LPM_SUPPORT (1 << 11)
> #define XHCI_INTEL_HOST (1 << 12)
> +#define XHCI_COMP_MODE_QUIRK (1 << 13)
> unsigned int num_active_eps;
> unsigned int limit_active_eps;
> /* There are two roothubs to keep track of bus suspend info for */
> @@ -1510,6 +1511,11 @@ struct xhci_hcd {
> unsigned sw_lpm_support:1;
> /* support xHCI 1.0 spec USB2 hardware LPM */
> unsigned hw_lpm_support:1;
> + /* Compliance Mode Recovery Data */
> + struct timer_list comp_mode_recovery_timer;
> + u32 port_status_u0;
> +/* Compliance Mode Timer Triggered every 2 seconds */
> +#define COMP_MODE_RCVRY_MSECS 2000
> };
>
> /* convert between an HCD pointer and the corresponding EHCI_HCD */
> --
> 1.7.1
>

Sarah Sharp


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