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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] xen/swiotlb: If iommu=soft was not passed in on > 4GB, don't turn it on.
On Thu, 26 Jul 2012, Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk wrote:
> If we boot a 64-bit guest with more than 4GB memory, the SWIOTLB
> gets turned on:
> PCI-DMA: Using software bounce buffering for IO (SWIOTLB)
> software IO TLB [mem 0xfb43d000-0xff43cfff] (64MB) mapped at [ffff8800fb43d000-ffff8800ff43cfff]
>
> which is OK if we had PCI devices, but not if we did not. In a PV
> guest the SWIOTLB ends up asking the hypervisor for precious lowmem
> memory - and 64MB of it per guest. On a 32GB machine, this limits the
> amount of guests that are 4GB to start due to lowmem exhaustion.
>
> What we do is detect whether the user supplied e820_hole=1
> parameter, which is used to construct an E820 that is similar to
> the machine - so that the PCI regions do not overlap with RAM regions.
> We check for that by looking at the E820 and seeing if it diverges
> from the standard - and if so (and if iommu=soft was not turned on),
> we disable the check pci_swiotlb_detect_4gb code.

What kind of paramter is it?
Is it a Linux cmdline paramter? Or maybe a Xen toolstack parameter?

Surely there must be a better way to let Linux know if this paramter has
been turned on than looking for ACPI entries in the E820.


> Signed-off-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/xen/pci-swiotlb-xen.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 1 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/pci-swiotlb-xen.c b/arch/x86/xen/pci-swiotlb-xen.c
> index 967633a..56f373e 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/xen/pci-swiotlb-xen.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/xen/pci-swiotlb-xen.c
> @@ -8,6 +8,10 @@
> #include <xen/xen.h>
> #include <asm/iommu_table.h>
>
> +#include <asm/e820.h>
> +#include <asm/dma.h>
> +#include <asm/iommu.h>
> +
> int xen_swiotlb __read_mostly;
>
> static struct dma_map_ops xen_swiotlb_dma_ops = {
> @@ -24,7 +28,19 @@ static struct dma_map_ops xen_swiotlb_dma_ops = {
> .unmap_page = xen_swiotlb_unmap_page,
> .dma_supported = xen_swiotlb_dma_supported,
> };
> +bool __init e820_has_acpi(void)
> +{
> + int i;
>
> + /* Check if the user supplied the e820_hole parameter
> + * which would create a machine looking E820 region. */
> + for (i = 0; i < e820.nr_map; i++) {
> + if ((e820.map[i].type == E820_ACPI) ||
> + (e820.map[i].type == E820_NVS))
> + return true;
> + }
> + return false;
> +}
> /*
> * pci_xen_swiotlb_detect - set xen_swiotlb to 1 if necessary
> *
> @@ -33,7 +49,17 @@ static struct dma_map_ops xen_swiotlb_dma_ops = {
> */
> int __init pci_xen_swiotlb_detect(void)
> {
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
>
> + /* Having more than 4GB triggers the native SWIOTLB to activate.
> + * The way to turn it off is to set no_iommu. */
> + printk(KERN_INFO "swiotlb: %d\n", swiotlb);
> + if (xen_pv_domain() && !swiotlb && max_pfn > MAX_DMA32_PFN) {
> + /* Normal PV guests only have E820_RSV and E820_RAM regions */
> + if (!e820_has_acpi())
> + no_iommu = 1;
> + }
> +#endif
> /* If running as PV guest, either iommu=soft, or swiotlb=force will
> * activate this IOMMU. If running as PV privileged, activate it
> * irregardless.
> --
> 1.7.7.6
>
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