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SubjectRe: Build failures in -next due to move of disable
Date
On Monday, July 02, 2012, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Monday, July 02, 2012, Andrew Morton wrote:
> > On Mon, 2 Jul 2012 21:54:35 +0200
> > "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl> wrote:
> >
> > > On Monday, July 02, 2012, Mark Brown wrote:
> > > > Today's -next is failing to build for me because commit 9f419c (PM /
> > > > Domains: Add preliminary support for cpuidle) and commit b32e30
> > > > (cpuidle: move field disable from per-driver to per-cpu) disagree about
> > > > where the disable field should be:
> > >
> > > Hmm, do you know what tree commit b32e30 comes from?
> >
> >
> > From: ShuoX Liu <shuox.liu@intel.com>
> > Subject: cpuidle: move field disable from per-driver to per-cpu
> >
> > Andrew J.Schorr raises a question. When he changes the disable setting on
> > a single CPU, it affects all the other CPUs. Basically, currently, the
> > disable field is per-driver instead of per-cpu. All the C states of the
> > same driver are shared by all CPU in the same machine.
> >
> > The patch changes the `disable' field to per-cpu, so we could set this
> > separately for each cpu.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: ShuoX Liu <shuox.liu@intel.com>
> > Reported-by: Andrew J.Schorr <aschorr@telemetry-investments.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Yanmin Zhang <yanmin_zhang@intel.com>
> > Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
> > Cc: "Brown, Len" <len.brown@intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
>
> I see, thanks. I guess I'll take this patch to linux-pm, then, and
> rebase my patches on top of it.
>
> Does anyone have any objections?

Well, if I do that, I pretty much will have to add the disable field to
struct cpuidle_state to make commit 9f419c work again.

The new patch (commit 9f419c replacement) follows, but does anyone have a
better idea?

Rafael


---
From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>
Subject: PM / Domains: Add preliminary support for cpuidle, v2
On some systems there are CPU cores located in the same power
domains as I/O devices. Then, power can only be removed from the
domain if all I/O devices in it are not in use and the CPU core
is idle. Add preliminary support for that to the generic PM domains
framework.

First, the platform is expected to provide a cpuidle driver with one
extra state designated for use with the generic PM domains code.
This state should be initially disabled and its exit_latency value
should be set to whatever time is needed to bring up the CPU core
itself after restoring power to it, not including the domain's
power on latency. Its .enter() callback should point to a procedure
that will remove power from the domain containing the CPU core at
the end of the CPU power transition.

The remaining characteristics of the extra cpuidle state, referred to
as the "domain" cpuidle state below, (e.g. power usage, target
residency) should be populated in accordance with the properties of
the hardware.

Next, the platform should execute genpd_attach_cpuidle() on the PM
domain containing the CPU core. That will cause the generic PM
domains framework to treat that domain in a special way such that:

* When all devices in the domain have been suspended and it is about
to be turned off, the states of the devices will be saved, but
power will not be removed from the domain. Instead, the "domain"
cpuidle state will be enabled so that power can be removed from
the domain when the CPU core is idle and the state has been chosen
as the target by the cpuidle governor.

* When the first I/O device in the domain is resumed and
__pm_genpd_poweron(() is called for the first time after
power has been removed from the domain, the "domain" cpuidle
state will be disabled to avoid subsequent surprise power removals
via cpuidle.

The effective exit_latency value of the "domain" cpuidle state
depends on the time needed to bring up the CPU core itself after
restoring power to it as well as on the power on latency of the
domain containing the CPU core. Thus the "domain" cpuidle state's
exit_latency has to be recomputed every time the domain's power on
latency is updated, which may happen every time power is restored
to the domain, if the measured power on latency is greater than
the latency stored in the corresponding generic_pm_domain structure.

Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>
Reviewed-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman@ti.com>
---
drivers/base/power/domain.c | 117 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c | 1
drivers/cpuidle/governors/menu.c | 3 -
include/linux/cpuidle.h | 1
include/linux/pm_domain.h | 17 +++++
5 files changed, 138 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
Index: linux/include/linux/pm_domain.h
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/include/linux/pm_domain.h
+++ linux/include/linux/pm_domain.h
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
+#include <linux/cpuidle.h>

enum gpd_status {
GPD_STATE_ACTIVE = 0, /* PM domain is active */
@@ -45,6 +46,11 @@ struct gpd_dev_ops {
bool (*active_wakeup)(struct device *dev);
};

+struct gpd_cpu_data {
+ unsigned int saved_exit_latency;
+ struct cpuidle_state *idle_state;
+};
+
struct generic_pm_domain {
struct dev_pm_domain domain; /* PM domain operations */
struct list_head gpd_list_node; /* Node in the global PM domains list */
@@ -75,6 +81,7 @@ struct generic_pm_domain {
bool max_off_time_changed;
bool cached_power_down_ok;
struct device_node *of_node; /* Node in device tree */
+ struct gpd_cpu_data *cpu_data;
};

static inline struct generic_pm_domain *pd_to_genpd(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
@@ -155,6 +162,8 @@ extern int pm_genpd_add_callbacks(struct
struct gpd_dev_ops *ops,
struct gpd_timing_data *td);
extern int __pm_genpd_remove_callbacks(struct device *dev, bool clear_td);
+extern int genpd_attach_cpuidle(struct generic_pm_domain *genpd, int state);
+extern int genpd_detach_cpuidle(struct generic_pm_domain *genpd);
extern void pm_genpd_init(struct generic_pm_domain *genpd,
struct dev_power_governor *gov, bool is_off);

@@ -211,6 +220,14 @@ static inline int __pm_genpd_remove_call
{
return -ENOSYS;
}
+static inline int genpd_attach_cpuidle(struct generic_pm_domain *genpd, int st)
+{
+ return -ENOSYS;
+}
+static inline int genpd_detach_cpuidle(struct generic_pm_domain *genpd)
+{
+ return -ENOSYS;
+}
static inline void pm_genpd_init(struct generic_pm_domain *genpd,
struct dev_power_governor *gov, bool is_off)
{
Index: linux/drivers/base/power/domain.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/drivers/base/power/domain.c
+++ linux/drivers/base/power/domain.c
@@ -139,6 +139,19 @@ static void genpd_set_active(struct gene
genpd->status = GPD_STATE_ACTIVE;
}

+static void genpd_recalc_cpu_exit_latency(struct generic_pm_domain *genpd)
+{
+ s64 usecs64;
+
+ if (!genpd->cpu_data)
+ return;
+
+ usecs64 = genpd->power_on_latency_ns;
+ do_div(usecs64, NSEC_PER_USEC);
+ usecs64 += genpd->cpu_data->saved_exit_latency;
+ genpd->cpu_data->idle_state->exit_latency = usecs64;
+}
+
/**
* __pm_genpd_poweron - Restore power to a given PM domain and its masters.
* @genpd: PM domain to power up.
@@ -176,6 +189,13 @@ int __pm_genpd_poweron(struct generic_pm
return 0;
}

+ if (genpd->cpu_data) {
+ cpuidle_pause_and_lock();
+ genpd->cpu_data->idle_state->disabled = true;
+ cpuidle_resume_and_unlock();
+ goto out;
+ }
+
/*
* The list is guaranteed not to change while the loop below is being
* executed, unless one of the masters' .power_on() callbacks fiddles
@@ -215,6 +235,7 @@ int __pm_genpd_poweron(struct generic_pm
if (elapsed_ns > genpd->power_on_latency_ns) {
genpd->power_on_latency_ns = elapsed_ns;
genpd->max_off_time_changed = true;
+ genpd_recalc_cpu_exit_latency(genpd);
if (genpd->name)
pr_warning("%s: Power-on latency exceeded, "
"new value %lld ns\n", genpd->name,
@@ -222,6 +243,7 @@ int __pm_genpd_poweron(struct generic_pm
}
}

+ out:
genpd_set_active(genpd);

return 0;
@@ -458,6 +480,21 @@ static int pm_genpd_poweroff(struct gene
}
}

+ if (genpd->cpu_data) {
+ /*
+ * If cpu_data is set, cpuidle should turn the domain off when
+ * the CPU in it is idle. In that case we don't decrement the
+ * subdomain counts of the master domains, so that power is not
+ * removed from the current domain prematurely as a result of
+ * cutting off the masters' power.
+ */
+ genpd->status = GPD_STATE_POWER_OFF;
+ cpuidle_pause_and_lock();
+ genpd->cpu_data->idle_state->disabled = false;
+ cpuidle_resume_and_unlock();
+ goto out;
+ }
+
if (genpd->power_off) {
ktime_t time_start;
s64 elapsed_ns;
@@ -1606,6 +1643,86 @@ int __pm_genpd_remove_callbacks(struct d
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__pm_genpd_remove_callbacks);

+int genpd_attach_cpuidle(struct generic_pm_domain *genpd, int state)
+{
+ struct cpuidle_driver *cpuidle_drv;
+ struct gpd_cpu_data *cpu_data;
+ struct cpuidle_state *idle_state;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(genpd) || state < 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ genpd_acquire_lock(genpd);
+
+ if (genpd->cpu_data) {
+ ret = -EEXIST;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ cpu_data = kzalloc(sizeof(*cpu_data), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!cpu_data) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ cpuidle_drv = cpuidle_driver_ref();
+ if (!cpuidle_drv) {
+ ret = -ENODEV;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if (cpuidle_drv->state_count <= state) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto err;
+ }
+ idle_state = &cpuidle_drv->states[state];
+ if (!idle_state->disabled) {
+ ret = -EAGAIN;
+ goto err;
+ }
+ cpu_data->idle_state = idle_state;
+ cpu_data->saved_exit_latency = idle_state->exit_latency;
+ genpd->cpu_data = cpu_data;
+ genpd_recalc_cpu_exit_latency(genpd);
+
+ out:
+ genpd_release_lock(genpd);
+ return ret;
+
+ err:
+ cpuidle_driver_unref();
+ goto out;
+}
+
+int genpd_detach_cpuidle(struct generic_pm_domain *genpd)
+{
+ struct gpd_cpu_data *cpu_data;
+ struct cpuidle_state *idle_state;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(genpd))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ genpd_acquire_lock(genpd);
+
+ cpu_data = genpd->cpu_data;
+ if (!cpu_data) {
+ ret = -ENODEV;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ idle_state = cpu_data->idle_state;
+ if (!idle_state->disabled) {
+ ret = -EAGAIN;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ idle_state->exit_latency = cpu_data->saved_exit_latency;
+ cpuidle_driver_unref();
+ genpd->cpu_data = NULL;
+ kfree(cpu_data);
+
+ out:
+ genpd_release_lock(genpd);
+ return ret;
+}
+
/* Default device callbacks for generic PM domains. */

/**
Index: linux/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
+++ linux/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
@@ -265,6 +265,7 @@ static void poll_idle_init(struct cpuidl
state->power_usage = -1;
state->flags = 0;
state->enter = poll_idle;
+ state->disabled = false;
}
#else
static void poll_idle_init(struct cpuidle_driver *drv) {}
Index: linux/include/linux/cpuidle.h
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/include/linux/cpuidle.h
+++ linux/include/linux/cpuidle.h
@@ -47,6 +47,7 @@ struct cpuidle_state {
unsigned int exit_latency; /* in US */
int power_usage; /* in mW */
unsigned int target_residency; /* in US */
+ bool disabled; /* disabled on all CPUs */

int (*enter) (struct cpuidle_device *dev,
struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
Index: linux/drivers/cpuidle/governors/menu.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/drivers/cpuidle/governors/menu.c
+++ linux/drivers/cpuidle/governors/menu.c
@@ -281,6 +281,7 @@ static int menu_select(struct cpuidle_dr
* unless the timer is happening really really soon.
*/
if (data->expected_us > 5 &&
+ !drv->states[CPUIDLE_DRIVER_STATE_START].disabled &&
dev->states_usage[CPUIDLE_DRIVER_STATE_START].disable == 0)
data->last_state_idx = CPUIDLE_DRIVER_STATE_START;

@@ -292,7 +293,7 @@ static int menu_select(struct cpuidle_dr
struct cpuidle_state *s = &drv->states[i];
struct cpuidle_state_usage *su = &dev->states_usage[i];

- if (su->disable)
+ if (s->disabled || su->disable)
continue;
if (s->target_residency > data->predicted_us)
continue;

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