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SubjectRe: [PATCH] perf/x86: check ucode before disabling PEBS on SandyBridge
On Fri, 2012-06-08 at 16:36 +0200, Borislav Petkov wrote:
> On Fri, Jun 08, 2012 at 04:20:50PM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > On Fri, 2012-06-08 at 16:15 +0200, Borislav Petkov wrote:
> > > have a variable which gets initialized to the number of all CPUs and
> > > each time ->apply_microcode() finishes by returning 0, we decrement it
> > > once.
> >
> > >
> > > Hmm, I'm probably missing some obscure case.
> >
> > Since its all per-cpu sysfs muck, userspace could update a random
> > subsets of cpus.. leaving us hanging.
> I'm afraid I don't understand - when you modprobe microcode.ko,
> it goes and loads /lib/firmware/amd-ucode/microcode_amd.bin (in
> the AMD case) on each CPU when the driver gets regged through
> subsys_interface_register().
> It calls ->add_dev() on each CPU - this should be guaranteed because it
> uses the cpu_subsys from drivers/base/cpu.c which onlines all CPUs, I'd
> assume.
> So, I'd say that once subsys_interface_register() returns, we have
> updated ucode on all CPUs, if successful...
> We probably could run the notifier at that moment, before we do
> put_online_cpus().

I was thinking about reload_store(), that seems to only reload ucode for
a single cpu.

> > The 'bestestet' idea I came up with is doing the verify thing I have
> > from a delayed work -- say 1 second into the future. That way, when
> > there's lots of cpus they all try and enqueue the one work, which at
> > the end executes only once, provided the entire update scan took less
> > than the second.
> You're saying, you want the last CPU that gets to update its microcode
> gets to also run the delayed work...? Probably, I'd assume ucode update
> on a single CPU takes less than a second IIUC.

Nah.. it'll probably be the first. But it doesn't matter which cpu does
it. So the idea was:

static void intel_snb_verify_work(struct work_struct *work)
/* do the verify thing.. */

static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(intel_snb_delayed_work, intel_snb_verify_ucode);

static int intel_snb_ucode_notifier(struct notifier_block *self,
unsigned long action, void *_uci)
* Since ucode cannot be down-graded, and no future ucode revision
* is known to break PEBS again, we're ok with MICROCODE_CAN_UPDATE.

if (action == MICROCODE_UPDATED)
schedule_delayed_work(&intel_snb_delayed_work, HZ);


Thus it will queue the delayed work when the work isn't already queued
for execution. Resulting in the work only happening once a second (at

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