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    SubjectRe: CPU MTRRs and linux kernel
    On Tue, Jun 12, 2012 at 02:37:40AM -0700, Mahmood Naderan wrote:
    > Hi everybody,
    > Abour rhis warnning in boot log:
    >
    > WARNING: BIOS bug: CPU MTRRs don't cover all of memory, losing 61952MB of RAM
    >
    >  
    > I
    > searched a lot however didn't find a clear solution. Does AMD new
    > processors (62XX) have problems with new kernels or old kernels??
    > Mine is:
    >
    > Linux n1 2.6.32-24-server #39-Ubuntu SMP Wed Jul 28 06:21:40 UTC 2010 x86_64 GNU/Linux
    >
    > Should I upgrade?

    Yes, fix is below and it got backported to -stable AFAICT but obviously
    the ubuntus don't have it in the kernel you cite above.


    commit 3fdbf004c1706480a7c7fac3c9d836fa6df20d7d
    Author: Andreas Herrmann <andreas.herrmann3@amd.com>
    Date: Thu Sep 30 14:32:35 2010 +0200

    x86, mtrr: Assume SYS_CFG[Tom2ForceMemTypeWB] exists on all future AMD CPUs

    Instead of adapting the CPU family check in amd_special_default_mtrr()
    for each new CPU family assume that all new AMD CPUs support the
    necessary bits in SYS_CFG MSR.

    Tom2Enabled is architectural (defined in APM Vol.2).
    Tom2ForceMemTypeWB is defined in all BKDGs starting with K8 NPT.
    In pre K8-NPT BKDG this bit is reserved (read as zero).

    W/o this adaption Linux would unnecessarily complain about bad MTRR
    settings on every new AMD CPU family, e.g.

    [ 0.000000] WARNING: BIOS bug: CPU MTRRs don't cover all of memory, losing 4863MB of RAM.

    Cc: stable@kernel.org # .32.x, .35.x
    Signed-off-by: Andreas Herrmann <andreas.herrmann3@amd.com>
    LKML-Reference: <20100930123235.GB20545@loge.amd.com>
    Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>

    diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/cleanup.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/cleanup.c
    index c5f59d071425..ac140c7be396 100644
    --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/cleanup.c
    +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/cleanup.c
    @@ -827,7 +827,7 @@ int __init amd_special_default_mtrr(void)

    if (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor != X86_VENDOR_AMD)
    return 0;
    - if (boot_cpu_data.x86 < 0xf || boot_cpu_data.x86 > 0x11)
    + if (boot_cpu_data.x86 < 0xf)
    return 0;
    /* In case some hypervisor doesn't pass SYSCFG through: */
    if (rdmsr_safe(MSR_K8_SYSCFG, &l, &h) < 0)
    --
    Regards/Gruss,
    Boris.
    --
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