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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/3] usb: gadget: mass storage: add documentation
On Mon, 11 Jun 2012, Michal Nazarewicz wrote:

> This commit adds Documentation/usb/mass-storage.txt file. It contains
> description of how to use the mass storage gadget from user space. It
> elaborates on madule parameters and sysfs interface more then it was
> written in the comments in the source code.
>
> Signed-off-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
> ---
> Documentation/usb/mass-storage.txt | 219 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/usb/gadget/f_mass_storage.c | 69 +----------
> 2 files changed, 226 insertions(+), 62 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/usb/mass-storage.txt
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/usb/mass-storage.txt b/Documentation/usb/mass-storage.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..1c2fff9
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/usb/mass-storage.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,219 @@
> + -*- org -*-

What is the purpose of this line?

> +
> +* Overview
> +
> + Mass Storage Gadget (or MSG) acts as a USB Mass Storage device,
> + appearing to the host as a disk or a CD-ROM drive. It supports
> + multiple logical units (LUNs). Backing storage for each LUN is
> + provided by a regular file or a block device, access can be limited
> + to read-only, and gadget can indicate that it is removable and/or
> + CD-ROM (the latter implies read-only access).

Does CD-ROM really imply read-only? If not, shouldn't it?

> +
> + Its requirements are modest; only a bulk-in and a bulk-out endpoint
> + are needed. The memory requirement amounts to two 16K buffers.
> + Support is included for full-speed, high-speed and super-speed

s/super-speed/SuperSpeed/

> + operation.
> +
> + Note that the driver is slightly non-portable in that it assumes
> + a single memory/DMA buffer will be useable for bulk-in and bulk-out
> + endpoints. With most device controllers this is not an issue, but
> + there may be some with hardware restrictions that prevent a buffer
> + from being used by more than one endpoint.
> +
> + This document describes how to use the gadget from user space, its
> + relation to mass storage function (or MSF) and different gadgets
> + using it, as well as and how does it differ from File Storage Gadget

s/as well as and how does it differ/and how it differs/

> + (or FSG). It will talk only briefly about how to use MSF within
> + composite gadgets.
> +
> +* Module parameters
> +
> + The mass storage gadget accepts the following mass storage specific
> + module parameters:
> +
> + - file=filename[,filename...]
> +
> + This parameter lists paths to files or block devices used for
> + backing storage for each logical unit. There may be at most
> + FSG_MAX_LUNS (8) LUNs set. If more files are specified, they will
> + be silently ignored. See also “luns” parameter.
> +
> + *BEWARE* that if a file is used as a backing storage, it may not
> + be modified by any other process. This is because host assumes

s/host/the host/

> + the data does not change without its knowledge. It may by read,

s/by/be/

> + but (if the logical unit is writable) due to buffering on the host
> + side, the contents are not well defined.
> +
> + The size of the logical unit will be rounded down to full logical

s/full/a full/

> + block. A logical block size is 2048 for LUNs simulating CD-ROM,

s/A/The/
s/2048/2048 bytes/

> + block size of a device if the device is the backing file, or 512

s/a device if the device is the backing file/the device if the backing
file is a block device/

> + bytes otherwise.
> +
> + - removable=b[,b...]
> +
> + This parameter specifies whether each logical unit should be
> + removable. “b” here is either “y”, “Y” or “1” for true or “n”,
> + “N” or “0” for false.

Add something like this: Note that "removable" means the logical
unit's media can be ejected or removed (as is true for a CD-ROM drive
or a card reader). It does *not* mean that the entire gadget can be
unplugged from the host; the proper term for that is "hot-unpluggable".

> +
> + If this option is set for a logical unit, gadget will accept an
> + “eject” SCSI request (Start/Stop Unit). When it is sent, the
> + backing file will be released to simulate ejection and the logical

s/released/closed/

> + unit will not be mountable by the host until a new backing file is
> + specified by userspace on the device (see “sysfs entries”
> + section).
> +
> + If logical unit is not removable (the default), backing file must

s/logical/a logical/
s/backing file/a backing file/

> + be specified for it with the “file” as the module is loaded. The

s/"file"/"file" parameter/

> + same applies if the module is built in, no exceptions.
> +
> + The default value of the flag is false, *HOWEVER* it used to be
> + true. This has been changed to better match File Storage Gadget
> + and because it seems like a saner default after all. Thus to
> + maintain compatibility with older kernels, it's best to specify
> + the default values. Also, if one relied on old default, explicit
> + “n” needs to be specified now.
> +
> + - cdrom=b[,b...]
> +
> + This parameter specifies whether each logical unit should simulate
> + CD-ROM. The default is false.
> +
> + - ro=b[,b...]
> +
> + This parameter specifies whether each logical unit should be
> + reported as read only. This will prevent host from modifying the
> + backing files.
> +
> + Note that if this flag for given logical unit is false but the
> + backing file could not be opened in read/write mode, the gadget
> + will fall back to read only mode anyway.
> +
> + The default value for each logical unit is false.

Shouldn't the default be true for logical units that are cdroms?

> +
> + - nofua=b[,b...]
> +
> + This parameter specifies whether FUA flag should be ignored in SCSI
> + Write10 and Write12 commands sent to given logical units.
> +
> + MS Windows mounts removable storage in “Removal optimised mode” by
> + default. All the writes to the media are synchronous which is

s/synchronous/synchronous,/

> + achieved by setting FUA (Force Unit Access) bit in SCSI

s/FUA/the FUA/

> + Write(10,12) commands. This prevents I/O requests aggregation in
> + block layer dramatically decreasing performance.

Actually it forces writes to be done with the O_SYNC flag set. Not
only does this prevent request aggregation, it also forces each write
operation to wait until the data has actually been written out --
dramatically decreasing performance.

> +
> + Note that this may mean that if the device is powered from USB and
> + user unplugs the device without unmounting (which at lest some

s/user/the user/
s/unmounting/unmounting it first/
s/lest/least/

> + Windows users do), the data may be lost.
> +
> + The default value is false.
> +
> + - luns=N
> +
> + This parameter specifies number of logical units the gadget will
> + have. It is limited by FSG_MAX_LUNS (8) and higher value will be
> + capped.
> +
> + If this parameter is provided, and the number of files specified
> + in “file” argument is greater then the value of “luns”, all excess
> + files will be ignored.
> +
> + If this parameter is not present, the number of logical units will
> + be deducted from the number of files specified in the “file”

s/deducted/deduced/

> + parameter. If the file parameter is missing as well, one is
> + assumed.
> +
> + - stall=b
> +
> + Specifies whether the gadget is allowed to halt bulk endpoints.
> + The default is determined according to the type of USB device
> + controller, but usually true.
> +
> + In addition to the above, the gadget also accepts the following
> + parameters defined by the composite framework (they are common to
> + all composite gadgets so just a quick listing):
> +
> + - idVendor -- USB Vendor ID (16 bit integer)
> + - idProduct -- USB Product ID (16 bit integer)
> + - bcdDevice -- USB Device version (BCD) (16 bit integer)
> + - iManufacturer -- USB Manufacturer string (string)
> + - iProduct -- USB Product string (string)
> + - iSerialNumber -- SerialNumber string (sting)
> +
> +* sysfs entries
> +
> + For each logical unit, the gadget creates a directory in the sysfs
> + hierarchy. Inside of it the following three files are created:
> +
> + - file
> +
> + When read it returns the path to the backing file for given

s/for given/for the given/

> + logical unit. If there is no backing file (possible only if
> + logical unit is removable), the content is empty.

s/logical/the logical/

> +
> + When written into, it changes the backing file for given logical
> + unit. This change can be performed even if given logical unit is
> + not specified as removable (but that may look strange to the
> + host). It may fail, however, if host disallowed medium removal
> + with Allow Medium Removal SCSI command.

s/Allow/the Prevent-Allow/

> +
> + - ro
> +
> + Reflects the state of ro flag for given logical unit. It can be
> + read any time, and written to when there is no backing file open
> + for given logical unit.

s/for given/for the given/

> +
> + - nofua
> +
> + Reflects the state of nofua flag for given logical unit. It can

s/for given/for the given/

> + be read and written to change it.

s/to change it//
> +
> + Other then those, as usual, the values of modules parameters can be

s/modules/module/

> + read from /sys/module/g_mass_storage/parameters/* files.
> +
> +* Other gadgets using mass storage function
> +
> + The Mass Storage Gadget uses the Mass Storage Function to handle
> + mass storage protocol. As a composite function, MSF may be used by
> + other gadgets as well (eg. g_multi and acm_ms).
> +
> + All of the information in previous sections are valid for other
> + gadgets using MSF, except that support for mass storage related
> + module parameters may be missing, or the parameters may have
> + a prefix. To figure out whether any of this is true one needs to
> + consult gadget's documentation or its source code.

s/gadget's/the gadget's/

> +
> + For examples of how to include mass storage function in gadgets, one
> + may take a look at mass_storage.c, acm_ms.c and multi.c (sorted by
> + complexity).
> +
> +* Relation to file storage gadget
> +
> + The Mass Storage Function and thus the Mass Storage Gadget has been
> + based on the File Storage Gadget. The difference between the two is
> + that MSG is a composite gadget (ie. uses the composite framework)
> + while file storage gadget is a traditional gadget. From userspace
> + point of view this distinction does not really matter, but from
> + kernel hacker's point of view, this means that (i) MSG does not
> + duplicate code needed for handling basic USB protocol commands and
> + (ii) MSF can be used in any other composite gadget.
> +
> + Because of that, File Storage Gadget has been deprecated and
> + scheduled to be removed in Linux 3.8. All users need to transition
> + to the Mass Storage Gadget by that time. The two gadgets behave
> + mostly the same from the outside except:
> +
> + 1. In FSG the “removable” and “cdrom” module parameters set the flag
> + for all logical units whereas in MSG they accept a list of y/n
> + values for each logical unit. If one uses only a single logical
> + unit this does not matter, but if there are more, the y/n value
> + needs to be repeated for each logical unit.
> +
> + 2. FSG's “serial”, “vendor”, “product” and “release” module
> + parameters are handled in MSG by the composite layer's parameters
> + named respectively: “iSerialnumber”, “idVendor”, “idProduct” and
> + “bcdDevice”.
> +
> + 3. MSG does not support FSG's test mode, thus “transport”,
> + “protocol” and “buflen” FSG's module parameters are not
> + supported. MSG always uses SCSI protocol with bulk only
> + transport mode and 16 KiB buffers.

Very good. When you make the small changes listed above, you can add

Acked-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>

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