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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 6/6] pinctrl: add pinctrl gpio binding support
On Sat, 26 May 2012 09:58:06 -0700, Dong Aisheng <> wrote:
> On Fri, May 25, 2012 at 5:29 PM, Grant Likely <> wrote:
> > On Fri, 25 May 2012 21:36:20 +0800, Dong Aisheng <> wrote:
> >> From: Dong Aisheng <>
> >>
> >> This patch implements a standard common binding for pinctrl gpio ranges.
> >> Each SoC can add gpio ranges through device tree by adding a gpio-maps property
> >> under their pinctrl devices node with the format:
> >> <&gpio $gpio-specifier $pin_offset $count>
> >> while the gpio phandle and gpio-specifier are the standard approach
> >> to represent a gpio in device tree.
> >> Then we can cooperate it with the gpio xlate function to get the gpio number
> >> from device tree to set up the gpio ranges map.
> >>
> >> Then the pinctrl driver can call pinctrl_dt_add_gpio_ranges(pctldev, node)
> >> to parse and register the gpio ranges from device tree.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Dong Aisheng <>
> >> ---
> >> Personally i'm not very satisfied with current solution due to a few reasons:
> >> 1) i can not user standard gpio api to get gpio number
> >> 2) i need to reinvent a new api of_parse_phandles_with_args_ext which i'm not
> >> sure if it can be accepted by DT maintainer.
> >
> > Right, as mentioned in my other email, doing it this way completely
> > breaks the way the phandle-with-args pattern works.  That pattern
> > depends on the phandle node to have a #-cells property telling it how
> > many cells to process for the binding.  Adding additional data cells
> > means the kernel is no longer able to parse multiple entries in the
> > gpios property.
> Hmm, it can still parse multiple entries in the gpios property except
> that it adds two args although it's not related to gpio, but it is useful
> for users for special case like pinctrl gpio ranges map.

Really? How exactly does it know that each record is longer than
#gpio-cells specifies (I'm speaking from the binding level; not having
custom code that just "knows" the the records have additional

I have no interest in creating exceptions to the phandle-with-args
pattern since it adds yet more implicit knowledge about how to parse.
For example, the common gpio code can no longer parse a gpios property
that is padded out because the common code doesn't know anything about


> > Hmmm.... I need more information about this gpio-maps property.  How
> > is it arranged?  What kind of data is in it.  Can you give some
> > specific examples of how hardware would be described with a gpio-maps
> > property?
> >
> For exampe:
> MX6Q_PAD_SD2_DAT2__GPIO_1_13 means MX6Q_PAD_SD2_DAT2 can be used as GPIO_1_13,
> For reference gpio1,13, we usually do: xx-gpios = <gpio1 13 0> in device tree.
> Here we want to create a pin map of gpio1,13 to MX6Q_PAD_SD2_DAT2 for
> pinctrl gpio ranges map,
> the format should be <GPIO_NUMBER PIN_ID NPINS>, then the pinctrl core
> can automatically mux
> the PIN_ID to gpio function by refer to this map.
> For GPIO_NUMBER, we want to use the standard gpio dt represent way
> since the gpio base may
> be dynamically.
> Assume MX6Q_PAD_SD2_DAT2 pin id is 1 and only one pin starting from it
> can be used as gpio.
> Then the gpio-maps for MX6Q_PAD_SD2_DAT2 can be:
> gpio-maps = <gpio1 13 0 1 1>
> We may have several pins can be used as gpio on mx6q.
> Then the gpio-maps may becomes:
> gpio-maps = <gpio1 13 0 1 1>,
> <gpio1 14 0 5 1>,
> <gpio2 0 0 20 1>,
> ................
> Since the format is a little different from the standard gpio
> represent way, so i can not use the standard gpio
> api to parse the gpio number. That's why i need to invent
> of_parse_phandle_args_ext function for this special
> format.
> we still did not find any better way to do that.
> Do you have any suggestion for this special case?

Oh, I see.... Does this gpio-maps property sit beside a normal
"gpios" property? Or is it in a completely separate node? If it sits
beside a normal "gpios" property and lines up with the gpio properties
there, then I would just make it a tuple for each gpio. Ie:

gpios = <&gpio1 13 0>, <&gpio1 14 0>, <&gpio2 0 0>;
gpio-pinmux = <1 1>, <5 1>, <20 1>;


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