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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC v3 3/3] pinctrl: add pinctrl gpio binding support
On Thu, May 24, 2012 at 11:22:13PM +0800, Stephen Warren wrote:
> On 05/23/2012 11:19 PM, Dong Aisheng wrote:
> > On Thu, May 24, 2012 at 12:42:19PM +0800, Stephen Warren wrote:
> >> On 05/23/2012 07:42 PM, Dong Aisheng wrote:
> >>> On Thu, May 24, 2012 at 4:44 AM, Stephen Warren <swarren@wwwdotorg.org> wrote:
> >>>> On 05/23/2012 07:22 AM, Dong Aisheng wrote:
> >>>>> From: Dong Aisheng <dong.aisheng@linaro.org>
> >>>>>
> >>>>> This patch implements a standard common binding for pinctrl gpio ranges.
> >>>>> Each SoC can add gpio ranges through device tree by adding a gpio-maps property
> >>>>> under their pinctrl devices node with the format:
> >>>>> <&gpio $gpio_offset $pin_offset $npin>.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Then the pinctrl driver can call pinctrl_dt_add_gpio_ranges(pctldev, node)
> >>>>> to parse and register the gpio ranges from device tree.
> ...
> >>>> Re: your locking comments in your other email: ranges[i].gc doesn't
> >>>> appear to be used anywhere else in pinctrl, so I think it's OK not to
> >>>> lock the GPIO chip for any more time than between the above two blocks
> >>>> of code.
> >>>
> >>> So i will add lock between them like:
> >>> ranges[i].gc = of_node_to_gpiochip(np_gpio);
> >>> if (!try_module_get(ranges[i].gc->owner))
> >>> err...
> >>
> >> I think that module_get() needs to happen inside of_node_to_gpiochip(),
> >> so that it executes inside any lock that function takes.
> >
> > Can you please help explain a bit more?
> > I did not quite understand.
> > It looks to me of_node_to_gpiochip is only convert the gpio node to gpio chip.
> > Why need get the module inside this function?
> > For gpio_request function, it also calls try_module_get(gc) after find the gpio
> > chip.
>
> The problem is this:
>
> Thread 1: Call of_node_to_gpiochip(), returns a gpio_chip.
> Thread 2: Unregisters the same gpio_chip that was returned above.
> Thread 1: Accesses the now unregistered (and possibly free'd) gpio_chip
> -> at best, bad data, at worst, OOPS.
>
Correct. We did have this issue.
Thanks for clarify.

> In order to prevent this, of_node_to_gpiochip() should take measures to
> prevent another thread from unregistering the gpio_chip until thread 1
> has completed its step above.
>
> The existing of_get_named_gpio_flags() is safe from this, since
> gpiochip_find() acquires the GPIO lock, and all accesses to the fouond
> gpio chip occur with that lock held, inside the match function. Perhaps
> a similar approach could be used here.
Why it looks to me of_get_named_gpio_flags has the same issue and also not safe?
For of_node_to_gpiochip itself called in of_get_named_gpio_flags, it's safe.
But after that, i'm suspecting it has the same issue as you described above, right?

For example:
int of_get_named_gpio_flags(struct device_node *np, const char *propname,
int index, enum of_gpio_flags *flags)
{
...
gc = of_node_to_gpiochip(gpiospec.np);
if (!gc) {
pr_debug("%s: gpio controller %s isn't registered\n",
np->full_name, gpiospec.np->full_name);
ret = -ENODEV;
goto err1;
}
===> the gc may be unregistered here by another thread and
even already have been freed, right?

ret = gc->of_xlate(gc, &gpiospec, flags);
...
}
Maybe we need get the lock in of_node_to_gpiochip and release it by calling
of_gpio_put(..) after using?

Regards
Dong Aisheng



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