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Subject[PATCH] x86/copy_user_generic: Optimize copy_user_generic with CPU erms feature
Date
From: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>

According to Intel 64 and IA-32 SDM and Optimization Reference Manual, beginning
with Ivybridge, REG string operation using MOVSB and STOSB can provide both
flexible and high-performance REG string operations in cases like memory copy.
Enhancement availability is indicated by CPUID.7.0.EBX[9] (Enhanced REP MOVSB/
STOSB).

If CPU erms feature is detected, patch copy_user_generic with enhanced fast
string version of copy_user_generic.

A few new macros are defined to reduce duplicate code in ALTERNATIVE and
ALTERNATIVE_2.

Signed-off-by: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
---
checkpatch.pl reports two errors in alternative_call_2() definition. I think
the errors are invalid and should be ignored:
ERROR: Macros with complex values should be enclosed in parenthesis
ERROR: space prohibited before open square bracket '['
arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h | 74 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h | 11 +++++-
arch/x86/kernel/x8664_ksyms_64.c | 1 +
3 files changed, 70 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h
index 49331be..12ce4a2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h
@@ -75,23 +75,54 @@ static inline int alternatives_text_reserved(void *start, void *end)
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */

+#define OLDINSTR(oldinstr) "661:\n\t" oldinstr "\n662:\n"
+
+#define b_replacement(number) "663"#number
+#define e_replacement(number) "664"#number
+
+#define alt_slen "662b-661b"
+#define alt_rlen(number) e_replacement(number)"f-"b_replacement(number)"f"
+
+#define ALTINSTR_ENTRY(feature, number) \
+ " .long 661b - .\n" /* label */ \
+ " .long " b_replacement(number)"f - .\n" /* new instruction */ \
+ " .word " __stringify(feature) "\n" /* feature bit */ \
+ " .byte " alt_slen "\n" /* source len */ \
+ " .byte " alt_rlen(number) "\n" /* replacement len */
+
+#define DISCARD_ENTRY(number) /* rlen <= slen */ \
+ " .byte 0xff + (" alt_rlen(number) ") - (" alt_slen ")\n"
+
+#define ALTINSTR_REPLACEMENT(newinstr, feature, number) /* replacement */ \
+ b_replacement(number)":\n\t" newinstr "\n" e_replacement(number) ":\n\t"
+
/* alternative assembly primitive: */
#define ALTERNATIVE(oldinstr, newinstr, feature) \
- \
- "661:\n\t" oldinstr "\n662:\n" \
- ".section .altinstructions,\"a\"\n" \
- " .long 661b - .\n" /* label */ \
- " .long 663f - .\n" /* new instruction */ \
- " .word " __stringify(feature) "\n" /* feature bit */ \
- " .byte 662b-661b\n" /* sourcelen */ \
- " .byte 664f-663f\n" /* replacementlen */ \
- ".previous\n" \
- ".section .discard,\"aw\",@progbits\n" \
- " .byte 0xff + (664f-663f) - (662b-661b)\n" /* rlen <= slen */ \
- ".previous\n" \
- ".section .altinstr_replacement, \"ax\"\n" \
- "663:\n\t" newinstr "\n664:\n" /* replacement */ \
- ".previous"
+ OLDINSTR(oldinstr) \
+ ".section .altinstructions,\"a\"\n" \
+ ALTINSTR_ENTRY(feature, 1) \
+ ".previous\n" \
+ ".section .discard,\"aw\",@progbits\n" \
+ DISCARD_ENTRY(1) \
+ ".previous\n" \
+ ".section .altinstr_replacement, \"ax\"\n" \
+ ALTINSTR_REPLACEMENT(newinstr, feature, 1) \
+ ".previous"
+
+#define ALTERNATIVE_2(oldinstr, newinstr1, feature1, newinstr2, feature2)\
+ OLDINSTR(oldinstr) \
+ ".section .altinstructions,\"a\"\n" \
+ ALTINSTR_ENTRY(feature1, 1) \
+ ALTINSTR_ENTRY(feature2, 2) \
+ ".previous\n" \
+ ".section .discard,\"aw\",@progbits\n" \
+ DISCARD_ENTRY(1) \
+ DISCARD_ENTRY(2) \
+ ".previous\n" \
+ ".section .altinstr_replacement, \"ax\"\n" \
+ ALTINSTR_REPLACEMENT(newinstr1, feature1, 1) \
+ ALTINSTR_REPLACEMENT(newinstr2, feature2, 2) \
+ ".previous"

/*
* This must be included *after* the definition of ALTERNATIVE due to
@@ -140,6 +171,19 @@ static inline int alternatives_text_reserved(void *start, void *end)
: output : [old] "i" (oldfunc), [new] "i" (newfunc), ## input)

/*
+ * Like alternative_call, but there are two features and respective functions.
+ * If CPU has feature2, function2 is used.
+ * Otherwise, if CPU has feature1, function1 is used.
+ * Otherwise, old function is used.
+ */
+#define alternative_call_2(oldfunc, newfunc1, feature1, newfunc2, feature2, \
+ output, input...) \
+ asm volatile (ALTERNATIVE_2("call %P[old]", "call %P[new1]", feature1,\
+ "call %P[new2]", feature2) \
+ : output : [old] "i" (oldfunc), [new1] "i" (newfunc1), \
+ [new2] "i" (newfunc2), ## input)
+
+/*
* use this macro(s) if you need more than one output parameter
* in alternative_io
*/
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h
index fcd4b6f..3d29c24 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h
@@ -17,6 +17,8 @@

/* Handles exceptions in both to and from, but doesn't do access_ok */
__must_check unsigned long
+copy_user_enhanced_fast_string(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len);
+__must_check unsigned long
copy_user_generic_string(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len);
__must_check unsigned long
copy_user_generic_unrolled(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len);
@@ -26,9 +28,16 @@ copy_user_generic(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len)
{
unsigned ret;

- alternative_call(copy_user_generic_unrolled,
+ /*
+ * If CPU has ERMS feature, use copy_user_enhanced_fast_string.
+ * Otherwise, if CPU has rep_good feature, use copy_user_generic_string.
+ * Otherwise, use copy_user_generic_unrolled.
+ */
+ alternative_call_2(copy_user_generic_unrolled,
copy_user_generic_string,
X86_FEATURE_REP_GOOD,
+ copy_user_enhanced_fast_string,
+ X86_FEATURE_ERMS,
ASM_OUTPUT2("=a" (ret), "=D" (to), "=S" (from),
"=d" (len)),
"1" (to), "2" (from), "3" (len)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/x8664_ksyms_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/x8664_ksyms_64.c
index 9796c2f..6020f6f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/x8664_ksyms_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/x8664_ksyms_64.c
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__put_user_8);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_user_generic_string);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_user_generic_unrolled);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_user_enhanced_fast_string);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__copy_user_nocache);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_user);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_to_user);
--
1.6.0.3


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