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SubjectRe: [00/02] add BUILD_BUG_DECL assertion (for 3.4??)
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On Sun, 2012-04-08 at 17:59 -0600, Jim Cromie wrote:
> On Sun, Apr 8, 2012 at 4:52 PM, Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> wrote:
> > On Sun, 2012-04-08 at 16:38 -0600, Jim Cromie wrote:
> >
> >> this patch (0001) adds new bug.h macro, BUILD_BUG_DECL(name, cond),
> >> which unlike other *BUG* assertions is usable at file scope. Its
> >> primary purpose is to enforce identical sizes of 2 separate arrays,
> >> which but for considerations of packing/padding/section, would be
> >> together in a struct.
> >>
> >> const char const *names[] = { "bart", "lisa", "homer", "marge" };
> >> int a[] = {1,2,3,4};
> >> int b[] = {1,2,3,5};
> >> long d[] = {1,2};
> >>
> >> BUILD_BUG_DECL(foo, ARRAY_SIZE(a) != ARRAY_SIZE(b));
> >> BUILD_BUG_DECL(buz, sizeof(a) != sizeof(b)); // good
> >> BUILD_BUG_DECL(a, sizeof(a) != sizeof(d)); // ok on x32, error x64
> >> BUILD_BUG_DECL(b, ARRAY_SIZE(a) != ARRAY_SIZE(names)); // good
> >>
> >> macro expands as:
> >> static __attribute__ ((__section__(".init.data"))) struct {
> >> int BUILD_BUG_DECL_buz[1 - 2*!!(sizeof(a) != sizeof(b))];
> >> } BUILD_BUG_DECL_buz[0] __attribute__((unused));
> >>
> >
> > If possible, it might be better to wrap the
> > declarations themselves in a macro that ensures
> > the sizes are the same.
> >
> > Something like:
> >
> > declare_same_size_arrays(
> > typeof array1[] = {...},
> > typeof array2[] = {...}
> > );
> >
> >
>
> Unless Im mis-reading you, this has a couple disadvantages:
>
> - bigger patches where its added.
> granted these are mostly whitespace, but theyre less trivial to inspect.

Not a problem in my view, it moves the
related declarations closer together.

> - not useful for array definitions which are not contiguous
> granted thats a minority case, and the definitions could often be moved,
> but not always.

Discontiguous array definitions must be ugly.

> Do you see advantages other than stylistic ones ?

Not really.

Contiguous declarations.
No need for other markings.

Seems useful enough.



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