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    Subject[RFC][PATCH 00/16] sched: SCHED_DEADLINE v4
    Hello everyone,

    This is the take 4 for the SCHED_DEADLINE patchset.

    Just to recap, the patchset introduces a new deadline based real-time
    task scheduling policy --called SCHED_DEADLINE-- with bandwidth
    isolation (aka "resource reservation") capabilities. It now supports
    global/clustered multiprocessor scheduling through dynamic task

    From the previous releases[1]:
    - all the comments and the fixes coming from the reviews we got have
    been considered and applied;
    - better handling of rq selection for dynamic task migration, by means
    of a cpupri equivalent for -deadline tasks (cpudl). The mechanism
    is simple and straightforward, but showed nice performance figures[2].
    - this time we sit on top of PREEMPT_RT (3.2.13-rt23); we continue to aim
    at mainline inclusion, but we also see -rt folks as immediate and
    interested users.

    Still missing/incomplete:
    - (c)group based bandwidth management, and maybe scheduling. It seems
    some more discussion on what precisely we want is *really* needed
    for this point;
    - bandwidth inheritance (to replace deadline/priority inheritance).
    What's in the patchset is just very few more than a simple
    placeholder. More discussion on the right way to go is needed here.
    Some work has already been done, but it is still not ready for

    The development is taking place at:

    Check the repositories frequently if you're interested, and feel free to
    e-mail me for any issue you run into.

    Furthermore, we developed an application that you can use to test this

    We also set up a development mailing list: linux-dl[3].
    You can subscribe from here:
    or via e-mail (send a message to with
    just the word `help' as subject or in the body to receive info).

    As already discussed we are planning to merge this work with the EDF
    throttling patches [] but we still are in
    the preliminary phases of the merge and we intend to use the feedback to this
    post to help us decide on the direction it should take.

    As said, patchset is on top of PREEMPT_RT (as of today). However, Insop
    Song (from Ericsson) is maintaining a parallel branch for the current
    tip/master ( Ericsson is in fact
    evaluating the use of SCHED_DEADLINE for CPE (Customer Premise Equipment)
    devices in order to reserve CPU bandwidth to processes.

    The code was being jointly developed by ReTiS Lab (
    and Evidence S.r.l ( in the context of the ACTORS
    EU-funded project ( It is now also supported by
    the S(o)OS EU-funded project (
    It has also some users, both in academic and applied research. Even if our
    last release dates back almost a year we continued to get feedback
    from Ericsson (see above), Wind River, Porto (ISEP), Trento and Malardalen
    universities :-).

    As usual, any kind of feedback is welcome and appreciated.

    Thanks in advice and regards,

    - Juri

    [3] from the first linux-dl message:
    -linux-dl should become the place where discussions about real-time
    deadline scheduling on Linux take place (not only SCHED_DEADLINE).
    We felt the lack of a place where we can keep in touch with each
    other; we are all working on the same things, but probably from
    different viewpoints, and this is surely a point of strength.
    Anyway, our efforts need to be organized in some way, or at least it
    is important to know on what everyone is currently working as to not
    end up with "duplicate-efforts".-

    Dario Faggioli (10):
    sched: add extended scheduling interface.
    sched: SCHED_DEADLINE data structures.
    sched: SCHED_DEADLINE policy implementation.
    sched: SCHED_DEADLINE avg_update accounting.
    sched: add schedstats for -deadline tasks.
    sched: add resource limits for -deadline tasks.
    sched: add latency tracing for -deadline tasks.
    sched: drafted deadline inheritance logic.
    sched: add bandwidth management for sched_dl.
    sched: add sched_dl documentation.

    Juri Lelli (3):
    sched: SCHED_DEADLINE SMP-related data structures.
    sched: SCHED_DEADLINE push and pull logic
    sched: speed up -dl pushes with a push-heap.

    Harald Gustafsson (1):
    sched: add period support for -deadline tasks.

    Peter Zijlstra (1):
    rtmutex: turn the plist into an rb-tree.

    Documentation/scheduler/sched-deadline.txt | 147 +++
    arch/arm/include/asm/unistd.h | 3 +
    arch/arm/kernel/calls.S | 3 +
    arch/x86/ia32/ia32entry.S | 3 +
    arch/x86/include/asm/unistd_32.h | 5 +-
    arch/x86/include/asm/unistd_64.h | 6 +
    arch/x86/kernel/syscall_table_32.S | 3 +
    include/asm-generic/resource.h | 7 +-
    include/linux/init_task.h | 10 +
    include/linux/rtmutex.h | 18 +-
    include/linux/sched.h | 154 +++-
    include/linux/syscalls.h | 7 +
    kernel/Makefile | 1 +
    kernel/fork.c | 8 +-
    kernel/hrtimer.c | 2 +-
    kernel/rtmutex-debug.c | 10 +-
    kernel/rtmutex.c | 162 +++-
    kernel/rtmutex_common.h | 24 +-
    kernel/sched.c | 866 ++++++++++++++-
    kernel/sched_cpudl.c | 208 ++++
    kernel/sched_cpudl.h | 34 +
    kernel/sched_debug.c | 43 +
    kernel/sched_dl.c | 1585 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    kernel/sched_rt.c | 3 +-
    kernel/sched_stoptask.c | 2 +-
    kernel/sysctl.c | 14 +
    kernel/trace/trace_sched_wakeup.c | 41 +-
    kernel/trace/trace_selftest.c | 30 +-
    28 files changed, 3266 insertions(+), 133 deletions(-)

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