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SubjectRe: lockdep reports about recursive locking in kmemleak
On Fri, Apr 27, 2012 at 12:30:36PM +0100, Andrey Vagin wrote:
> I found a following message in dmesg. Probably we should to do something
> similar as for debug_objects, it sets own class for parent->list_lock.
> Does anyone want to fix that?
>
> =============================================
> [ INFO: possible recursive locking detected ]
> 3.3.0+ #87 Not tainted
> ---------------------------------------------
> udevd/847 is trying to acquire lock:
> (&(&parent->list_lock)->rlock){-.-...}, at: [<ffffffff811783f1>]
> cache_alloc_refill+0xa1/0x300
>
> but task is already holding lock:
> (&(&parent->list_lock)->rlock){-.-...}, at: [<ffffffff81177628>]
> cache_flusharray+0x68/0x180
>
> other info that might help us debug this:
> Possible unsafe locking scenario:
>
> CPU0
> ----
> lock(&(&parent->list_lock)->rlock);
> lock(&(&parent->list_lock)->rlock);
>
> *** DEADLOCK ***
>
> May be due to missing lock nesting notation
>
> 1 lock held by udevd/847:
> #0: (&(&parent->list_lock)->rlock){-.-...}, at: [<ffffffff81177628>]
> cache_flusharray+0x68/0x180

I'm not sure what the right fix is (cc'ing Christoph for the slab.c
code). The lockdep warning is not in kmemleak, it just happens that
cache_flusharray() (holding an l3->list_lock) triggers a new allocation
via debug_object_activate() and kmemleak also tries to allocate its
metadata, causing a cache_alloc_refill() call which acquires a
different l3->list_lock, hence the lockdep warning.

Below is a quick fix but I don't know whether it could hide a real
problem in the future:

diff --git a/mm/slab.c b/mm/slab.c
index e901a36..3d2bfc6 100644
--- a/mm/slab.c
+++ b/mm/slab.c
@@ -3143,7 +3143,7 @@ retry:
l3 = cachep->nodelists[node];

BUG_ON(ac->avail > 0 || !l3);
- spin_lock(&l3->list_lock);
+ spin_lock_nested(&l3->list_lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);

/* See if we can refill from the shared array */
if (l3->shared && transfer_objects(ac, l3->shared, batchcount)) {

I'm leaving the original stack trace below for reference.

Catalin

> stack backtrace:
> Pid: 847, comm: udevd Not tainted 3.3.0+ #87
> Call Trace:
> [<ffffffff810b835a>] __lock_acquire+0x126a/0x1730
> [<ffffffff810b73f2>] ? __lock_acquire+0x302/0x1730
> [<ffffffff810b88d1>] lock_acquire+0xb1/0x1a0
> [<ffffffff811783f1>] ? cache_alloc_refill+0xa1/0x300
> [<ffffffff8118cdb9>] ? create_object+0x39/0x2e0
> [<ffffffff8153a141>] _raw_spin_lock+0x41/0x50
> [<ffffffff811783f1>] ? cache_alloc_refill+0xa1/0x300
> [<ffffffff811783f1>] cache_alloc_refill+0xa1/0x300
> [<ffffffff810b73f2>] ? __lock_acquire+0x302/0x1730
> [<ffffffff8118cdb9>] ? create_object+0x39/0x2e0
> [<ffffffff81179cbc>] kmem_cache_alloc+0x2cc/0x320
> [<ffffffff8118cdb9>] create_object+0x39/0x2e0
> [<ffffffff810b73f2>] ? __lock_acquire+0x302/0x1730
> [<ffffffff8151fade>] kmemleak_alloc+0x5e/0xc0
> [<ffffffff81179b2c>] kmem_cache_alloc+0x13c/0x320
> [<ffffffff81294d99>] __debug_object_init+0x3b9/0x3d0
> [<ffffffff812944fa>] ? debug_object_activate+0xca/0x190
> [<ffffffff81294dff>] debug_object_init+0x1f/0x30
> [<ffffffff810767d7>] rcuhead_fixup_activate+0x27/0x70
> [<ffffffff81293d35>] debug_object_fixup+0x15/0x20
> [<ffffffff8129450c>] debug_object_activate+0xdc/0x190
> [<ffffffff81177b50>] ? kmem_cache_shrink+0x70/0x70
> [<ffffffff810f0d12>] __call_rcu+0x42/0x1e0
> [<ffffffff810f0ee5>] call_rcu_sched+0x15/0x20
> [<ffffffff81177113>] slab_destroy+0x153/0x160
> [<ffffffff81177628>] ? cache_flusharray+0x68/0x180
> [<ffffffff81177179>] free_block+0x59/0x230
> [<ffffffff81177655>] cache_flusharray+0x95/0x180
> [<ffffffff81176dbf>] ? kmem_cache_free+0x11f/0x320
> [<ffffffff81176f6c>] kmem_cache_free+0x2cc/0x320
> [<ffffffff8115b5b1>] ? __put_anon_vma+0x61/0xb0
> [<ffffffff8115b5b1>] __put_anon_vma+0x61/0xb0
> [<ffffffff8115bb8b>] unlink_anon_vmas+0x13b/0x1a0
> [<ffffffff8114fac1>] free_pgtables+0x91/0x120
> [<ffffffff81156101>] exit_mmap+0xb1/0x120
> [<ffffffff8104e24b>] mmput+0x7b/0x120
> [<ffffffff81053d68>] exit_mm+0x108/0x130
> [<ffffffff8153aa70>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x30/0x50
> [<ffffffff81056277>] do_exit+0x167/0x970
> [<ffffffff811b36c3>] ? mntput+0x23/0x40
> [<ffffffff81192f6d>] ? fput+0x1ad/0x280
> [<ffffffff8153ae59>] ? retint_swapgs+0x13/0x1b
> [<ffffffff81056adb>] do_group_exit+0x5b/0xd0
> [<ffffffff81056b67>] sys_exit_group+0x17/0x20
> [<ffffffff81543729>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b


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