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SubjectRe: [PATCH] cpuidle: Avoid possible NULL pointer dereference in __cpuidle_register_device()
On 04/03/2012 04:04 PM, Srivatsa S. Bhat wrote:
> On 04/03/2012 07:21 PM, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
>
>> On 04/03/2012 03:15 PM, Srivatsa S. Bhat wrote:
>>> On 04/03/2012 05:38 PM, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
>>>
>>>> On 04/03/2012 01:51 PM, Srivatsa S. Bhat wrote:
>>>>> On 04/03/2012 01:01 AM, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>> On 04/02/2012 04:44 PM, Srivatsa S. Bhat wrote:
>>>>>>> In __cpuidle_register_device(), "dev->cpu" is used before checking if
>>>>>>> dev is
>>>>>>> non-NULL. Fix it.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat<srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>
>>>>>> That should be fixed at the caller level. Usually, static function
>>>>>> does
>>>>>> not check the function parameters, it is up to the exported
>>>>>> function to
>>>>>> do that. It is supposed the static functions are called with valid
>>>>>> parameters.
>>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> Ok, good point! I hadn't thought about that.. I just happened to notice
>>>>> that in __cpuidle_register_device(), the dev == NULL check is performed
>>>>> _after_ dereferencing it, which made the check useless. So I tried to
>>>>> fix that within that function. But thanks for pointing out the
>>>>> semantics..
>>>>>
>>>>>> There are two callers for __cpuidle_register_device:
>>>>>> * cpuidle_register_device
>>>>>> * cpuidle_enable_device
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Both of them do not check 'dev' is a valid parameter. They should as
>>>>>> they are exported and could be used by an external module. IMHO,
>>>>>> BUG_ON
>>>>>> could be used here if dev == NULL.
>>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> BUG_ON? That would crash the system.. which might be unnecessary..
>>>>
>>>> Mmh, yes, I agree. never mind.
>>>>
>>>>> How about checking if dev == NULL in the 2 callers like you suggested
>>>>> and returning -EINVAL if dev is indeed NULL?
>>>>> (And of course no checks for dev == NULL in __cpuidle_register_device).
>>>>
>>>> Ok for me.
>>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> Great! Here is the updated patch:
>>>
>>> ---
>>>
>>> From: Srivatsa S. Bhat<srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>>> Subject: [PATCH v2] cpuidle: Add checks to avoid NULL pointer dereference
>>>
>>> The existing check for dev == NULL in __cpuidle_register_device() is
>>> rendered
>>> useless because dev is dereferenced before the check itself. Moreover,
>>> correctly speaking, it is the job of the callers of this function, i.e.,
>>> cpuidle_register_device()& cpuidle_enable_device() (which also happen
>>> to be
>>> exported functions) to ensure that __cpuidle_register_device() is
>>> called with
>>> a non-NULL dev.
>>>
>>> So add the necessary dev == NULL checks in the two callers and remove the
>>> (useless) check from __cpuidle_register_device().
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat<srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>>
>> Acked-by: Daniel Lezcano<daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
>
>
> Thanks a lot!
>
>> ps : shouldn't this patch be sent in a separate email ?
>>
>
>
> A separate email (a separate thread rather) is preferred when the old thread
> is dead or when the revised patch is fundamentally/drastically different
> from the older version.
>
> Otherwise, if the discussion around the patch is active in the thread, it is
> best to mail the patch to that thread itself. It makes it easier for developers
> to track what is going on in a single thread of discussion (such as who commented
> on what, and how did that materialize as a patch and so on).
>
> Another advantage of posting new versions of the patch to the same thread is that
> many times we need not explicitly summarize the changes between the new and the
> old patch, since the thread itself has enough discussion/history around it.
> (However, for significantly complex patches, summary of revision/change in the
> patch is always good to have).
>
> Yet another advantage of mailing revisions of the patch to the same thread is
> that it makes it easy for the maintainer to pick up the latest patch along with
> all the reviewed-by's, acked-by's and tested-by's that came in that thread.
>
> Of course, if the thread is too dense with too much of discussion and there is
> a chance that the patch will get lost/missed out, then its a good idea to post
> it in a new separate thread, with a link to the old thread so as to provide
> some context to new readers.

Ok. I use the thread message-id when git-send-email'ing the patch in a
thread context, so the patch appears in the thread but separated. I
assume that facilitates the maintainer to use git-am.

-- Daniel


>>> ---
>>>
>>> drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c | 8 ++++++--
>>> 1 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
>>> index 87411ce..eae2f11 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
>>> @@ -291,6 +291,9 @@ int cpuidle_enable_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
>>> int ret, i;
>>> struct cpuidle_driver *drv = cpuidle_get_driver();
>>>
>>> + if (!dev)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> if (dev->enabled)
>>> return 0;
>>> if (!drv || !cpuidle_curr_governor)
>>> @@ -375,8 +378,6 @@ static int __cpuidle_register_device(struct
>>> cpuidle_device *dev)
>>> struct device *cpu_dev = get_cpu_device((unsigned long)dev->cpu);
>>> struct cpuidle_driver *cpuidle_driver = cpuidle_get_driver();
>>>
>>> - if (!dev)
>>> - return -EINVAL;
>>> if (!try_module_get(cpuidle_driver->owner))
>>> return -EINVAL;
>>>
>>> @@ -401,6 +402,9 @@ int cpuidle_register_device(struct cpuidle_device
>>> *dev)
>>> {
>>> int ret;
>>>
>>> + if (!dev)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> mutex_lock(&cpuidle_lock);
>>>
>>> if ((ret = __cpuidle_register_device(dev))) {
>>>
>>>
>>
>>
>


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