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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] PCIe: Add PCIe runtime D3cold support
From
On Wed, Apr 18, 2012 at 5:03 AM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> wrote:
> On Tuesday, April 17, 2012, huang ying wrote:
>> On Tue, Apr 17, 2012 at 5:30 AM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> wrote:
>> > On Monday, April 16, 2012, huang ying wrote:
>> >> Hi,
>> >>
>> >> On Sat, Apr 14, 2012 at 3:41 AM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> wrote:
>> >> > Hi,
>> >> >
>> >> > On Friday, April 13, 2012, Yan, Zheng wrote:
>> >> >> Hi all,
>> >> >>
>> >> >> This patch adds PCIe runtime D3cold support, namely cut power supply for functions
>> >> >> beneath a PCIe port when they all have entered D3. A device in D3cold can only
>> >> >> generate wake event through the WAKE# pin. Because we can not access to a device's
>> >> >> configure space while it's in D3cold, pme_poll is disabled for devices in D3cold.
>> >> >>
>> >> >> Any comment will be appreciated.
>> >> >>
>> >> >> Signed-off-by: Zheng Yan <zheng.z.yan@intel.com>
>> >> >> ---
>> >> >> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-acpi.c b/drivers/pci/pci-acpi.c
>> >> >> index 0f150f2..e210e8cb 100644
>> >> >> --- a/drivers/pci/pci-acpi.c
>> >> >> +++ b/drivers/pci/pci-acpi.c
>> >> >> @@ -224,7 +224,7 @@ static int acpi_pci_set_power_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state)
>> >> >>               [PCI_D1] = ACPI_STATE_D1,
>> >> >>               [PCI_D2] = ACPI_STATE_D2,
>> >> >>               [PCI_D3hot] = ACPI_STATE_D3,
>> >> >> -             [PCI_D3cold] = ACPI_STATE_D3
>> >> >> +             [PCI_D3cold] = ACPI_STATE_D3_COLD
>> >> >>       };
>> >> >>       int error = -EINVAL;
>> >> >>
>> >> >
>> >> > Please don't use that ACPI_STATE_D3_COLD thing, it's not defined correctly.
>> >> >
>> >> > We should define ACPI_STATE_D3_COLD == ACPI_STATE_D3 and add ACPI_STATE_D3_HOT
>> >> > instead.  I'll prepare a patch for that over the weekend if no one has done
>> >> > that already.
>> >> >
>> >> >> @@ -296,7 +296,8 @@ static void acpi_pci_propagate_run_wake(struct pci_bus *bus, bool enable)
>> >> >>
>> >> >>  static int acpi_pci_run_wake(struct pci_dev *dev, bool enable)
>> >> >>  {
>> >> >> -     if (dev->pme_interrupt)
>> >> >> +     /* PME interrupt isn't available in the D3cold case */
>> >> >> +     if (dev->pme_interrupt && !dev->runtime_d3cold)
>> >> >
>> >> > This whole thing is wrong.  First off, I don't think that the runtime_d3cold
>> >> > flag makes any sense.  We already cover that in dev->pme_support.
>> >>
>> >> PCIe devices and PCIe root port may have proper PME interrupt support
>> >> (that is, dev->pme_interrupt = true), but the process of remote wakeup
>> >> from D3cold is as follow:
>> >>
>> >> 1) In D3cold, the power of the main link is turned off, aux power is
>> >> provided (PCIe L2 link state)
>> >> 2) Device detect condition to resume, then assert #WAKE pin
>> >> 2) ACPI circuit linked with #WAKE pin, and will generate a GPE for that
>> >> 3) GPE handler will resume device with ACPI (via _PS3 and _PR0), the
>> >> power of the main link is turned on, after a while, link goes into L0
>> >> state
>> >> 4) The PME message is sent to root port, pme interrupt generated
>> >
>> > This isn't how it's supposed to work in theory.  If the device can signal PME
>> > from D3cold, it should be able to reestablish the link and send a PME
>> > message from there.  dev->pme_interrupt set means exactly that.
>> >
>> > ACPI is only supposed to be needed for things that don't send PME
>> > messages (in your case the PME interrupt generated by the port is essentially
>> > useless, because the wakeup event has already been signaled through ACPI).
>> >
>> >> So, for deivce, dev->pme_interrupt = true and dev->pme_support
>> >> advocate it support PME in D3cold.  But we still need ACPI to setup
>> >> run wake for the device.
>> >
>> > OK, so this is nonstandard.
>>
>> This is the standard behavior.  Please refer to PCI Express Base
>> Sepcification Revision 2.0, section 5.3.3.2 Link Wakeup.  In D1, D2
>> and D3hot state, PCIe device can transit the link from L1 to L0 state,
>> and send the PME message.  In D3cold, the main link is powered off,
>> PCIe device will use a STANDARD sideband signal WAKE# to signal wakeup
>> firstly, then platform (power controller in spec) will power on the
>> main link for the device, after main link is back to L0, the PME
>> message is send to root port, pme interrupt is generated.  So in
>> theory, the wake up process can be divided into platform part (which
>> power on the main link) and PCIe part (which send PME).
>
> That's fine.  However, the platform part should be completely transparent
> to the PCI bus type, then.  It just should power up the link to allow a
> PME message to be transmitted through it.

Yes.

>[...]
>
>> > So don't use pci_set_power_state() for that, because it's essentially
>> > a different operation.  You need a pci_platform_remove_power() helper or
>> > similar for that.
>> >
>> > What ACPI method exactly is used to remove power from the device?
>>
>> The ACPI method executed is as follow:
>>
>> - _PS3 (if exist)
>> - Power resources in _PR3 is turned on
>> - Power resources in _PR0 is turned off
>> - Power resources in _PR3 is turned off
>
> I'd rather think
>
> - make sure that _PR3 resources are referenced
> - drop references (from this device) for all other power resources
> - execute _PS3 (if any)
> - drop references for _PR3 resources
>
> if Section 7.2.11 of ACPI 5.0 is to be followed.

Yes. You are right.

>> I think the process can fit pci_set_power_state() quite well, so why
>> invent another helper for that?
>
> OK, we can special case it, perhaps.
>
> Suppose we have a "this device may be put into D3_cold" flag.
>
> Who's going to decide whether to put it into D3_hot or D3_cold?

In most cases, I think it is OK to put device into D3_cold if that is
supported. But there should be some special case where D3_cold is not
desirable, for example, we can put SSD into D3_cold safely, but it is
not quite safe to put HDD into D3_cold. So we want to introduce a
flag: "may_power_off" like in the following patch

https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/3/29/41

It gives device driver a chance to prevent the device to be put into D3_cold.

> [...]
>
>> >> > So now please tell me what exactly you want to achieve and why you want to do
>> >> > that in the first place.
>> >
>> > Well, is there any chance to get that information?
>>
>> You mean the runtime_d3cold flag? That flag is used to tell
>> acpi_pci_run_wake() that we need ACPI wakeup setup for the device
>> because that is needed by D3cold.  The ACPI wakeup setup here means
>> turn on power resources needed by wake up (_PRW) and execute _DSW.
>>
>> If you mean the whole patch, we want to implement runtime D3cold
>> support, which can save more power than D3hot.
>
> So, do I think correctly that you'd like to put devices into D3_cold
> if that's possible via ACPI and to be able to wake it up from that state
> using remote wakeup?

Yes. Support both remote wakeup and host wakeup.

Best Regards,
Huang Ying
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